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Introduction to Mechanical Behaviour of Materials - Keith Bowman

Introduction to Mechanical Behaviour of Materials


Published: 22nd December 2003
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An understanding of mechanisms for mechanical behavior is essential to applications of new materials and new designs using established materials. Focusing on the similarities and differences in mechanical response within and between the material classes, this book provides a balanced approach between practical engineering applications and the science behind mechanical behavior of materials. Covering the three main material classes: metals, ceramics and polymers, topics covered include stress, strain, tensors, elasticity, dislocations, strengthening mechanisms, high temperature deformation, fracture, fatigue, wear and deformation processing.

Designed to provide a bridge between introductory coverage of materials science and strength of materials books and specialized treatments on elasticity, deformation and mechanical processing, this title:

  • Successfully employs the principles of physics and mathematics to the materials science topics covered.
  • Provides short biographical or historical background on key contributors to the field of materials science.
  • Includes over one hundred new figures and mechanical test data that illustrate the subjects covered.
  • Features numerous examples and more than 150 homework problems, with problems pitched at three levels.

Chapter 1. Introduction.

1.1 Strain

1.2 Stress.

1.3 Mechanical Testing.

1.4 Mechanical Responses to Deformation.

1.5 How Bonding Influences Mechanical Properties.

1.6 Further Reading and References.

1.7 Problems.

Chapter 2. Tensors and Elasticity.

2.1 What Is a Tensor?

2.2 Transformation of Tensors.

2.3 The Second-Rank Tensors of Strain and Stress.

2.4 Directional Properties.

2.5 Elasticity.

2.6 Effective Properties of Materials: Oriented Polycrystals and Composites.

2.7 Matrix Methods for Elasticity Tensors.

2.8 Appendix: The Stereographic Projection.

2.9 References.

2.10 Problems.

Chapter 3. Plasticity.

3.1 Continuum Models for Shear Deformation of Isotropic Ductile Materials.

3.2 Shear Deformation of Crystalline Materials.

3.3 Necking and Instability.

3.4 Shear Deformation of Non-Crystalline materials.

3.5 Dilatant Deformation of Materials.

3.6 Appendix: Independent Slip Systems.

3.7 References.

3.8 Problems.

Chapter 4. Dislocations in Crystals.

4.1 Dislocation Theory.

4.2 Specification of Dislocation Character.

4.3 Dislocation Motion.

4.4 Dislocation Content in Crystals and Polycrystals.

4.5 Dislocations and Dislocation Motion in Specific Crystal Structures.

4.6 References.

4.7 Problems.

Chapter 5. Strengthening Mechanisms.

5.1 ?Constraint? ?Based Strengthening.

5.2 Strengthening Mechanisms in Crystalline Materials.

5.3 Orientation Strengthening.

5.4 References.

5.5 Problems.

Chapter 6. High Temperature and Rate Dependent Deformation.

6.1 Creep.

6.2 Extrapolation Approaches for Failure and Creep.

6.3 Stress Relaxation.

6.4 Creep and Relaxation Mechanisms in Crystalline Materials.

6.5 References.

6.6 Problems.

Chapter 7. Fracture of Materials.

7.1 Stress Distributions Near Crack Tips.

7.2 Fracture Toughness Testing.

7.3 Failure Probability and Weibull Statistics.

7.4 Mechanisms for Toughness Enhancement of Brittle Materials.

7.5 Appendix A: Derivation of the Stress Concentration at a Through-Hole.

7.6 Appendix B: Stress-Volume Integral Approach for Weibull Statistics.

7.7 References.

7.8 Problems.

Chapter 8. Mapping Strategies for Understanding Mechanical Properties.

8.1 Deformation Mechanism Maps.

8.2 Fracture Mechanism Maps.

8.3 Mechanical Design Maps.

8.4 References.

8.5 Problems.

Chapter 9. Degradation Processes: Fatigue and Wear.

9.1 Cystic Fatigue of materials.

9.2 Engineering Fatigue Analysis.

9.3 Wear, Friction, and Lubrication.

9.4 References.

9.5 Problems.

Chapter 10. Deformation Processing.

10.1 Ideal Energy Approach for Modeling of a Forming Process.

10.2 Inclusion of Friction and Die Geometry in Deformation Processes: Slab Analysis.

10.3 Upper Bound Analysis.

10.4 Slip Line Field Analysis.

10.5 Formation of Aluminum Beverage Cans: Deep Drawing, Ironing, and Shaping.

10.6 Forming and Rheology of Glasses and Polymers.

10.7 Tape Casting of Ceramic Slurries.

10.8 References.

10.9 Problems.


ISBN: 9780471241980
ISBN-10: 0471241989
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 368
Published: 22nd December 2003
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 26.15 x 18.3  x 1.87
Edition Number: 1