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Introduction to Experimental Particle Physics - Richard Clinton Fernow

Introduction to Experimental Particle Physics

Paperback

Published: 28th August 1989
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This book brings together the most important topics in experimental particle physics over the past forty years to give a brief but balanced overview of the subject. The author begins by reviewing particle physics and discussing electromagnetic and nuclear interactions. He then goes on to discuss three nearly universal aspects of particle physics experiments: beams, targets, and fast electronics. The second part of the book treats in detail the properties of various types of particle detector, such as scintillation counters, Cerenkov counters, proportional chambers, drift chambers, sampling calorimeters, and specialized detectors. Wherever possible the author attempts to enumerate the advantages and disadvantages of performance. Finally, he discusses aspects of specific experiments, such as properties of triggers, types of measurement, spectrometers, and the integration of detectors into coherent systems. Throughout the book, each chapter begins with a discussion of the basic principles involved, followed by selective examples.

'Richard Fernow's Introduction to Experimental Particle Physics is an excellent step towards bridging the gap between the enormous amount of primary literature and the beginning graduate student or interested scientist.' Nature

Prefacep. ix
Introductionp. 1
Particle physicsp. 1
Particles and interactionsp. 2
Relativistic kinematicsp. 5
Summary of particle propertiesp. 7
Scatteringp. 10
Particle physics experimentsp. 14
Data analysisp. 18
Electromagnetic interactionsp. 29
Energy loss in matterp. 30
Quantum treatment of the energy lossp. 34
Fluctuations in energy lossp. 42
Energy loss of electrons and positronsp. 46
Interactions of photonsp. 54
Elastic scatteringp. 64
Multiple scatteringp. 67
Other electromagnetic effectsp. 71
Nuclear interactionsp. 79
Strong interactionsp. 79
Weak interactionsp. 88
Particle beamsp. 93
Particle acceleratorsp. 93
Secondary beamsp. 103
Beam transportp. 108
Flux monitorsp. 115
Other particle sourcesp. 117
Radiation protectionp. 120
Targetsp. 125
Standard targetsp. 125
Special purpose targetsp. 129
Fast electronicsp. 133
Fast pulse instrumentationp. 133
Discriminatorsp. 134
Coincidence unitsp. 137
CAMAC standardp. 141
Other fast pulse devicesp. 142
Signal cablesp. 144
Scintillation countersp. 148
The scintillation processp. 148
Light collectionp. 156
Photomultiplier tubesp. 161
Performancep. 165
Timing applicationsp. 169
Cerenkov countersp. 178
The Cerenkov effectp. 178
Photon yieldp. 183
Gas radiatorsp. 186
Threshold countersp. 190
Differential countersp. 196
Total absorption countersp. 201
Proportional chambersp. 205
Elements of a proportional chamberp. 205
Fundamental processes in gasesp. 208
Proportional chamber gasesp. 216
Multiwire proportional chambersp. 218
Readout electronicsp. 225
Drift chambersp. 234
Properties of drift chamber gasesp. 234
Constructionp. 241
Readout electronicsp. 247
Performancep. 249
Particle identificationp. 252
Sampling calorimetersp. 259
Electromagnetic showersp. 259
Electromagnetic shower detectorsp. 266
Hadronic shower detectorsp. 274
Neutral particle detectorsp. 280
Specialized detectorsp. 285
Bubble chambersp. 285
Emulsionsp. 288
Spark chambersp. 289
Streamer chambersp. 293
Transition radiation detectorsp. 294
Short summary of some other detectorsp. 296
Triggersp. 303
General considerationsp. 303
Identified particle triggersp. 307
Deposited energy triggersp. 315
Higher level triggeringp. 316
Detector systemsp. 325
Magnetic spectrometersp. 325
Design considerationsp. 329
Fixed target spectrometersp. 336
Colliding beam spectrometersp. 341
Nucleon decay spectrometersp. 349
Data acquisitionp. 351
Some fundamental measurementsp. 358
Particle propertiesp. 358
Total cross sectionp. 367
Elastic scatteringp. 370
Polarization experimentsp. 372
New particle searchesp. 376
Physical constantsp. 385
Periodic table of the elementsp. 386
Probability and statisticsp. 388
Cross sections and probabilityp. 391
Two-body scattering in the LAB framep. 393
Motion of ions in a combined electric and magnetic fieldp. 394
Properties of structural materialsp. 396
Author indexp. 399
Subject indexp. 414
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521379403
ISBN-10: 0521379407
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 432
Published: 28th August 1989
Publisher: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.42 x 15.49  x 2.67
Weight (kg): 0.64