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Introduction to Electronic Defence Systems : Radar Library - Filippo Neri

Introduction to Electronic Defence Systems

Radar Library

Hardcover Published: 19th August 1991
ISBN: 9780890065532
Number Of Pages: 560

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This well-structured guide discusses the main weapon and communication systems necessary to the operation of the air, naval, and ground forces.

Forewordp. i
Acknowledgementsp. iii
Prefacep. v
Electronic Defense
Introductionp. 1
Systems in Use in the Armed Forcesp. 3
The Main Weapon Systemsp. 3
The Objectives of Electronic Defensep. 24
Electronic Defense Systems and Their Operational Objectivesp. 28
Need for the Study of Weapon Systemsp. 38
Sensors
Introductionp. 39
Radar Sensorsp. 40
Review of Electromagnetic Signal Transmissionp. 40
The Radar Equationp. 47
The Radar Cross Sectionp. 62
Equivalent Noise Temperaturep. 68
Example of a Radar Range Calculation in Free Spacep. 71
Atmospheric Attenuationp. 73
Clutterp. 74
Lobingp. 79
The Radar Horizonp. 85
Ducting Effectp. 87
Radar Range in Operational Environmentp. 87
Radar Techniquesp. 88
Moving Target Indicatorp. 89
CFAR receiversp. 98
Frequency Agilityp. 100
Pulse Compressionp. 107
Search Radarp. 114
Types of Search Radarp. 118
Automatic Detectorsp. 119
2-D Radarp. 124
3-D Radarsp. 124
Bistatic and Multistatic Radarsp. 132
Synthetic Aperture Radarsp. 132
Search Radar and ECMp. 134
Tracking Radarsp. 135
Conical Scan Radarp. 137
Monopulse Tracking Radarp. 153
Range and Precision in Tracking Radarsp. 160
Tacking Errors in the Operational Environmentp. 172
Tracking Radar and ECMp. 174
Airborne Radars (Interceptors)p. 175
Infrared Sensorsp. 179
Review of Radiant Energyp. 179
Radiation of Bodiesp. 183
Radiation of Gasesp. 189
Infrared Radiation Produced by Targets of Interestp. 190
Nozzlep. 191
Plumep. 193
Aerodynamic Heatingp. 194
IR Backgroundp. 195
IR Range Equationp. 197
Suppression of Background Effectsp. 203
IR Systemsp. 204
References for Chapter 2p. 206
Weapon Systems
Introductionp. 211
Artillery Systemsp. 213
Firing Accuracyp. 215
Susceptibility to Jamming of an Artillery Systemp. 218
Missile Systemsp. 219
Command Missilesp. 221
Susceptibility to Jamming of Command Missilesp. 222
Beam-riding Missilesp. 223
Semiactive Homing Missilesp. 224
Susceptibility to Jamming of Semiactive Missilesp. 229
Active Homing Missilesp. 229
Susceptibility to Jamming of Active Homing Missilesp. 230
Track-via-missile Systemsp. 230
Passive IR-guided Missilesp. 231
Seeker with Rotating Reticlesp. 233
Seeker with Stationary Reticlesp. 234
Seekers without Reticlesp. 236
Seekers with Focal Plane Arraysp. 236
Susceptibility to Jamming of IR-guided Missilesp. 237
Sea Skimming Missilesp. 237
Passive Anti-radiation Missilesp. 240
Laser Weapon Systemsp. 244
The Laserp. 244
The Laser Equationp. 246
Laser Applicationsp. 247
Stealth Aircraftp. 249
Communication Systemsp. 252
Networksp. 252
Types of Transmission (Links)p. 254
Transmissions in the HF Bandp. 254
Transmissions in the VHF Bandp. 256
Meteor-burst Transmissionsp. 256
Transmissions in the UHF Bandp. 257
Microwave Transmissionsp. 257
Links by Tropospheric Scatterp. 257
Satellite Linksp. 258
Fiber-optic Linksp. 259
Links with Submerged Platformsp. 259
The Messagep. 260
Examples of Communication Systemsp. 264
References for Chapter 3p. 268
Electronic Intercept Systems
Introductionp. 271
The Equation of a Passive Systemp. 272
Radar Warning Receiversp. 274
RWR Sensitivityp. 276
Electronic Support Measuresp. 279
Omnidirectional Antennasp. 285
Antennas for Direction Findingp. 285
Frequency Receiverp. 287
Wide-open Frequency Receiversp. 287
Narrowband Superheterodyne Receiversp. 292
Wideband Superheterodyne Receiversp. 293
The Channelized Receiverp. 294
The Acousto-optic Bragg-cell Receiverp. 296
The Microscan (Compressive) Receiverp. 299
Amplitude-comparison Direction Findersp. 302
Phase-comparison Direction Findersp. 306
Pulsewidth Measurementp. 307
Automatic Detectionp. 308
Open-loop Automatic Detectorsp. 309
Closed-loop Automatic Detectorsp. 312
Identification and Data Processingp. 313
Presentationp. 314
Problem Areas in ESMp. 316
Typical Characteristics of a Naval Systemp. 316
Range Advance Factor in the Operational Environmentp. 317
Electronic Intelligence (ELINT) Systemsp. 321
ELINT Sensorsp. 322
The ELINT Processing Centerp. 322
Infrared Intercept Systemsp. 324
Missile Launch Warner / Missile Approach Warnerp. 325
Forward Looking Infrared Systemsp. 326
Communications ESM and Communication Intelligencep. 327
Communications ESMp. 327
COMINTp. 332
References for Chapter 4p. 333
Electronic Countermeasures Systems
Introductionp. 337
On-board ECM Systemsp. 338
Passive Systemsp. 338
Signature Reductionp. 338
Reduction of the Radar Cross Section of an Antennap. 339
Active Systems: Noise Jammersp. 343
Noise Generationp. 345
Types of Noisep. 348
The Jammer Equationp. 349
Deception Jammersp. 353
Pulse Deception Jammerp. 354
CW Deception Jammingp. 359
The Deception Jammer Equationp. 363
The Podp. 364
ECM Techniquesp. 365
Spot Noisep. 366
Barrage Noisep. 366
Swept Noise/CWp. 368
Gated Noisep. 369
Amplitude Modulated Noise/CWp. 370
Multiple False Target Generationp. 374
Range Gate Pull-Offp. 376
Velocity Gate Pull-Offp. 378
Dual Modep. 379
Inverse Gainp. 380
Count Downp. 381
Cooperative Jammingp. 385
Cross Polarizationp. 385
Cross Eyep. 389
Terrain Bouncep. 395
Illuminated Chaff
Infrared Countermeasures (IRCM)
Modulated Sources
Laser IRCM
Off-board ECM Systems
Passive Systems
Passive Decoys
Chaff
Active Systems
Decoys for Naval Platforms
Decoys for Airborne Platforms
Flares
Communications Countermeasures (COM-ECM)
References for Chapter 5
Electronic Counter-countermeasures
Introduction
Search Radar Counter-countermeasures
Induced Counter-countermeasures
Sensitivity Time Control
Fast Time Constant
Staggered/Random Pulse Repetition Frequency
Moving Target Indicator
ECCM Capabilities of Pulse Compression
CFAR Receivers
Frequency Agility
Frequency Agility Compatible MTI
Dedicated Counter-countermeasures
The Dicke-fix Receiver
The Back-bias Receiver
The Jammer Strobe
Sidelobe Blanking
The Sidelobe Canceler (Null Steering)
Automatic Frequency Selection
Multibeam Antenna
Tracking Radar Counter-countermeasures
Induced Counter-countermeasures
Preselective Filters
Low Sidelobes
Intermediate-Frequency Filtersp. 439
Fast Automatic Gain Controlp. 440
Logarithmic Receiversp. 441
Dedicated Counter-countermeasuresp. 442
The Jamming Detectorp. 442
Anti-Range Gate Pull-Offp. 442
Guard Gatesp. 444
Double Trackingp. 445
Track on Jamp. 447
Random Conical Scanp. 447
Cosro-Lorop. 447
Monopulsep. 448
Infrared Counter-countermeasuresp. 449
Communications Counter-countermeasuresp. 449
Frequency Hoppingp. 450
Burst Transmissionp. 451
Null Steeringp. 451
Direct Sequencep. 452
Uniformity of Formatp. 452
Encryptionp. 452
References for Chapter 6p. 453
New Electronic Defense Techniques
Introductionp. 457
New Electronic Defense Techniques and Technologiesp. 458
ESM Antennasp. 459
Complex Receivers: Cued Receiversp. 459
Signal Processingp. 461
Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systemsp. 462
Computersp. 466
Displayp. 467
Generation of Jamming Programs: DRFMp. 468
Transmittersp. 470
ECM Antennasp. 472
Phased Array Antennasp. 473
Active Phased Array / Shared-aperture Antennasp. 476
The ERP of an Active Phased Array Antennap. 479
Anti Anti-radiation Missile Techniquesp. 481
Anti-stealth Techniquesp. 482
State of the Art and Perspectivesp. 484
References for Chapter 7p. 486
Design and Evaluation Criteria
Introductionp. 489
Design Criteriap. 490
Generalitiesp. 491
System Objectivep. 491
Analysis of the Operational Environmentp. 492
Possible Architecturesp. 494
Verification by Simulationp. 494
Cost/effectiveness Analysisp. 494
Risk Analysisp. 496
Evaluation Criteria for the Choice of a Systemp. 497
Generalities and Objectivep. 497
Definition of the Reference Operational Environmentp. 499
Probability of Survivalp. 501
Losses in the Absence of Electronic Defense Equipmentp. 502
Effectiveness of Electronic Defensep. 502
Parameters of Electronic Defense Effectivenessp. 502
The Force Multiplier of Electronic Defensep. 504
Cost/effectiveness Ratiop. 506
Examples of Evaluation of the Cost/effectiveness Ratiop. 508
Operational Effectivenessp. 513
Electronic Defense and Conventional Defensep. 515
References for Chapter 8p. 517
Glossaryp. 519
Indexp. 527
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780890065532
ISBN-10: 0890065535
Series: Radar Library
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 560
Published: 19th August 1991
Publisher: Artech House Publishers
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 3.4
Weight (kg): 0.93