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Introduction to Electro-optical Imaging and Tracking Systems : Optoelectronics Library S. - Khalil Seyrafi

Introduction to Electro-optical Imaging and Tracking Systems

Optoelectronics Library S.

Hardcover Published: 19th December 1993
ISBN: 9780890066720
Number Of Pages: 276

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For those involved with the design and analysis of electro-optical systems, the book outlines current and future ground, air and spacebourne applications of electro-optical systems. It describes their performance requirements and practical methods of achieving design objectives.

Prefacep. xi
Historical Developmentp. 1
Introductionp. 1
Early Activityp. 3
Invention of the Telescope and the Microscopep. 5
Particle Theory and Wave Theory of Lightp. 7
The Line Spectra of Atomsp. 11
Electricity and Magnetismp. 11
Electromagnetic Theoryp. 12
Maxwell's Equationsp. 13
Photography and Motion Picturesp. 14
Optical Physics in the Twentieth Centuryp. 16
Planck's Theory of Radiationp. 17
Quantum Mechanicsp. 19
Optical Detectorsp. 20
Electronics and Signal Processingp. 22
Fiber Opticsp. 23
The Laserp. 23
Holographyp. 24
Electro-Optical Sensorsp. 25
Astronomy and the Development of Large Optical Sensorsp. 26
Advances in Telescopesp. 27
Contemporary Optical Sensorsp. 30
Referencesp. 35
Optical Radiationp. 37
Introductionp. 37
Quantities of Radiation and Unitsp. 39
Blackbody Radiationp. 44
Planck's Radiation Formulap. 46
Radiation from a Surfacep. 52
Point Sourcep. 55
Surface Irradiancep. 56
Wavelength Dependence of Signal Powerp. 61
External Radiation Sourcesp. 62
The Sun as a Sourcep. 62
Lamps as Sourcesp. 63
Lasers as Sourcesp. 64
Surface Reflectivityp. 65
Target Radiation Signaturep. 68
Referencesp. 68
Atmospheric Transmissionp. 69
Introductionp. 69
Atmosphere, Temperature, and Pressure Profilesp. 71
Pressure and Temperaturep. 71
Atmospheric Constituentsp. 74
Optical Properties of the Atmospherep. 75
Rayleigh Scatteringp. 78
Aerosol Scatteringp. 81
Numerical Calculationp. 82
Hitran Atmospheric Transmission Codep. 82
Lowtran Atmospheric Transmission Codep. 84
Other Transmission Codesp. 91
Quick Atmospheric Transmission Loss Computationp. 91
Atmospheric Turbulencep. 95
The Role of Refractive Index Fluctuations in the Atmospherep. 96
Parameters Characterizing Atmospheric Turbulencep. 97
Effects of Atmospheric Turbulence on the Performance of Optical Imaging Systemsp. 100
Adaptive Optics and Signal Processingp. 104
Referencesp. 104
Spectral, Spatial, and Temporal Variations in Infrared Backgroundsp. 107
Introductionp. 107
Background Spectral Radiancep. 108
Reflection and Emissivity Characteristics for Identificationp. 113
Background Spatial Radiancep. 115
Generation of a Background Spatial Radiance Modelp. 121
Background Statisticsp. 121
Limitations on Measurement Datap. 122
Measurement Geometryp. 122
Spectral Bandsp. 123
Sensor Responsep. 123
Sensor Noisep. 124
Background Spatial Correlation in Two or More Spectral Bandsp. 124
Temporal Variations in Backgroundp. 126
Referencesp. 132
Detection and Discrimination in Electro-Optical Sensorsp. 133
Introductionp. 133
Analysis of the Detection Processp. 135
Signal Amplitudep. 135
The Detection Processp. 139
Analog Processing Approachp. 140
Digital Processing Approachp. 143
Signal Processing and Staring Mosaicp. 145
Detection Criteriap. 146
Probability of Detectionp. 147
Illustration of Probability of Detection and Probability of False Alarmp. 150
Multiple Threshold Exceedance Detectionp. 151
Event Rates and Sample Gatesp. 152
Multiple Channel Detectionp. 153
Multiple Event Occurrencep. 154
Sequential Detectionp. 155
Time Delay Integrationp. 157
Referencesp. 158
Electro-Optical System Design and Performance Equationsp. 159
Introductionp. 159
Basic Equationsp. 159
Detector Detectivity Valuesp. 163
Example of a S/N Calculationp. 165
Detection of Satellites from the Groundp. 168
Noise Equivalent Flux Densityp. 171
Spectral Emittance of a Targetp. 171
Noise Equivalent Temperaturep. 174
Minimum Resolvable Temperaturep. 177
Image Quality Considerationsp. 181
Experimental Resultsp. 184
Numerical Example of MRT Calculationp. 186
Summaryp. 191
Referencesp. 191
Electro-Optical Systems Applicationsp. 193
Introductionp. 193
Infrared Search and Tracking Systemsp. 193
Infrared Target Trackingp. 195
Examples of Electro-Optical Scanning and Staring Sensorsp. 198
Shipboard IR Search and Track Systemp. 198
Airborne IR Search and Track Systemp. 200
Small Aperture Staring Array IRSTp. 201
Step-Stare Detection Systemp. 202
False Alarm Rates and Threshold Settingp. 204
Spaceborne Imaging Systemsp. 205
Landsat System of Satellitesp. 205
Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectrometerp. 209
High-Resolution Imaging Spectrometerp. 213
Referencesp. 219
Laser Radar Systemsp. 221
Introductionp. 221
Performance Calculationsp. 223
Laser Beam Larger than Targetp. 225
Floodlight Laser Radar Systemsp. 226
Laser Radar Receiversp. 228
Probability of Detectionp. 231
Speckled Targetsp. 233
Probability of False Alarms and Time Between False Alarmsp. 235
Laser Radar Measurementsp. 237
Signal-to-Noise Ratio Computationp. 240
Ground Backscattering and Interference Signalsp. 244
Numerical Example of a Spaceborne Laser Radar Systemp. 249
Referencesp. 252
Indexp. 253
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780890066720
ISBN-10: 0890066728
Series: Optoelectronics Library S.
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 276
Published: 19th December 1993
Publisher: Artech House Publishers
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 1.9
Weight (kg): 0.6