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Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry : International Studen - Daniel Jacob

Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry

International Studen

Hardcover Published: 3rd February 2000
ISBN: 9780691001852
Number Of Pages: 280

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Atmospheric chemistry is one of the fastest growing fields in the earth sciences. Until now, however, there has been no book designed to help students capture the essence of the subject in a brief course of study. Daniel Jacob, a leading researcher and teacher in the field, addresses that problem by presenting the first textbook on atmospheric chemistry for a one-semester course. Based on the approach he developed in his class at Harvard, Jacob introduces students in clear and concise chapters to the fundamentals as well as the latest ideas and findings in the field.

Jacob's aim is to show students how to use basic principles of physics and chemistry to describe a complex system such as the atmosphere. He also seeks to give students an overview of the current state of research and the work that led to this point. Jacob begins with atmospheric structure, design of simple models, atmospheric transport, and the continuity equation, and continues with geochemical cycles, the greenhouse effect, aerosols, stratospheric ozone, the oxidizing power of the atmosphere, smog, and acid rain. Each chapter concludes with a problem set based on recent scientific literature. This is a novel approach to problem-set writing, and one that successfully introduces students to the prevailing issues.

This is a major contribution to a growing area of study and will be welcomed enthusiastically by students and teachers alike.

Industry Reviews

"The book is well suited to support students in introductory courses and provides a sound physical basis for more advanced work."--Choice

Prefacep. xi
Measures of Atmospheric Compositionp. 3
Mixing Ratiop. 3
Number Densityp. 4
Partial Pressurep. 8
Further Readingp. 11
Problemsp. 11
Fog Formationp. 11
Phase Partitioning of Water in Cloudp. 11
The Ozone Layerp. 11
Atmospheric Pressurep. 14
Measuring Atmospheric Pressurep. 14
Mass of the Atmospherep. 14
Vertical Profiles of Pressure and Temperaturep. 16
Barometric Lawp. 18
The Sea-Breeze Circulationp. 21
Problemsp. 22
Scale Height of the Martian Atmospherep. 22
Scale Height and Atmospheric Massp. 22
Simple Modelsp. 24
One-Box Modelp. 25
Concept of Lifetimep. 25
Mass Balance Equationp. 27
Multibox Modelsp. 30
Puff Modelsp. 33
Problemsp. 36
Atmospheric Steady Statep. 36
Ventilation of Pollution from the United Statesp. 37
Stratosphere- Troposphere Exchangep. 37
Interhemispheric Exchangep. 39
Long Range Transport of Acidityp. 39
Box versus Column Model for an Urban Airshedp. 40
The Montreal Protocolp. 40
Atmospheric Transportp. 42
Geostrophic Flowp. 42
Coriolis Forcep. 42
Geostrophic Balancep. 46
The General Circulationp. 48
Vertical Transportp. 53
Buoyancyp. 53
Atmospheric Stabilityp. 55
Adiabatic Lapse Ratep. 56
Latent Heat Release from Cloud Formationp. 58
Atmospheric Lapse Ratep. 60
Turbulencep. 63
Description of Turbulencep. 64
Turbulent Fluxp. 64
Parameterization of Turbulencep. 67
Time Scales for Vertical Transportp. 70
Further Readinngp. 71
Problemsp. 71
Dilution of Power Plant Plumesp. 71
Short Questions on Atmospheric Transportp. 72
Seasonal Motion of the ITCZp. 73
A Simple Boundary Layer Modelp. 74
Breaking a Nightime Inversionp. 74
Wet Convectionp. 75
Scavenging of Water in a Thunderstormp. 76
Global Source of Methanep. 76
Role of Molecular Diffusion in Atmosheric Transportp. 77
Vertical Transport Near the Surfacep. 78
The Continuity Equationp. 79
Eulerian Formp. 79
Derivationp. 79
Discretizationp. 81
Lagrangian Formp. 84
Further Readingp. 85
Problemsp. 85
Turbulent Diffusion Coefficientp. 85
Geochemical Cyclesp. 87
Geochemical Cycling of Elementsp. 87
Early Evolution of the Atmospherep. 89
The Nitrogen Cyclep. 90
The Oxygen Cyclep. 94
The Carbon Cyclep. 97
Mass Balance of Atmospheric COp. 2
Carbonate Chemistry in the Oceanp. 97
Uptake of CO by the Oceanp. 100
Uptake of CO2 by the Terrestrial Biospherep. 104
Box Model of the Carbon Cyclep. 105
Further Readingp. 107
Problemsp. 107
Short Questions on the Oxygen Cyclep. 107
Short Questions on the Carbon Cyclep. 108
Atmospheric Residence Time of Heliump. 108
Methyl Bromidep. 109
Global Fertilization of the Biospherep. 111
Ocean pHp. 111
Cycling of CO2 with the Terrestrial Biospherep. 112
Sinks of Atmospheric CO2 Deduced from Changes in Atmospheric Op. 2
Fossil Fuel CO 2 Neutralization by Marine CaCOp. 3
The Greenhouse Effectp. 115
Radiationp. 118
Effective Temperature of the Earthp. 121
Solar and Terrestrial Emission Spectrap. 121
Radiative Balance of the Earthp. 122
Absorption of Radiation by the Atmospherep. 126
Spectroscopy of Gas Moleculesp. 126
A Simple Greenhouse Modelp. 128
Interpretation of the Terrestrial Radiation Spectrump. 131
Radiative Forcingp. 133
Definition of Radiative Forcingp. 133
Applicationp. 135
Radiative Forcing and Surface Temperaturep. 137
Water Vapor and Cloud Feedbacksp. 138
Water Vaporp. 138
Cloudsp. 140
Optical Depthp. 140
Further Readingp. 142
Problemsp. 142
Climate Response to Changes in Ozo
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691001852
ISBN-10: 0691001855
Series: International Studen
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 280
Published: 3rd February 2000
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.23 x 16.2  x 2.24
Weight (kg): 0.5

Earn 298 Qantas Points
on this Book