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Introducing Phonetic Science : Cambridge Introductions to Language and Linguistics - Michael Ashby

Introducing Phonetic Science

Cambridge Introductions to Language and Linguistics

Paperback Published: 24th March 2005
ISBN: 9780521004961
Number Of Pages: 230

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This accessible new textbook provides a clear and practical introduction to phonetics, the study of speech.

Assuming no prior knowledge of the topic, it introduces students to the fundamental concepts in phonetic science, and equips them with the essential skills needed for recognizing, describing and transcribing a range of speech sounds. Numerous graded exercises enable students to put these skills into practice, and the sounds introduced are clearly illustrated with examples from a variety of English accents and other languages.

As well as looking at traditional articulatory description, the book introduces acoustic and other instrumental techniques for analysing speech, and covers topics such as speech and writing, the nature of transcription, hearing and speech perception, linguistic universals, and the basic concepts of phonology. Providing a solid foundation in phonetics, Introducing Phonetic Science will be invaluable to all students beginning courses in linguistics, speech sciences, language pathology and language therapy. Further exercises will be available on an accompanying website.

'This rigorous and comprehensive introduction will prove to be invaluable not only to students of phonetics and linguistics but to all who are interested in the study of sound, speech and language.' Professor Yoshiki Nagase, University of Yamanashi, Japan 'Ashby and Maidment have succeeded in synthesizing complex and challenging material in a way that is accessible to beginners ... I have not used a better introductory textbook on the subject.' Dominic Watt, Department of Linguistics, University of Aberdeen 'An excellent introductory textbook. It is the only one that truly combines articulatory and instrumental approaches to phonetics. In addition it has a abundance of clear and helpful exercises.' William Idsardi, Department of Linguistics, University of Delaware 'Ashby and Maidment succeed resoundingly in introducing the basics of phonetics from scratch ... They have illustrated the text excellently, with large, well-explained spectrograms and diagrams, and the volume is clearly written, with individual chapters on place and manner of articulation, phonation, air-stream mechanisms, co-articulation, suprasegmentals, speech perception and basic phonology. ... Students of phonology and phonetics would benefit ... and will find ... some explanations that are clearly better than those available elsewhere.' Times Higher Education Supplement 'This introductory textbook in phonetics is excellently composed and written, it's style being mostly clear and elegant in spite of the complex topic. It contains a large number of figures, tables and practical exercises. Illuminating sound examples have been taken from several languages from different parts of the world. It also treats some issues that are usually not included in introductory textbooks, e.g. voice types, click modification, hearing deficiencies. ... the book will be highly recommendable, due to its very high quality in terms of coverage, as well as macro- and micro-level composition.' Moderna Sprak

Introduction to speechp. 1
Introductionp. 2
Sounds and symbolsp. 2
Transcribing soundsp. 4
Types of transcriptionp. 5
Syllablesp. 7
Segments: vowels and consonantsp. 7
Suprasegmentalsp. 9
Speech as an acoustic signalp. 9
Writing systemsp. 10
The relationship between speech and writingp. 13
Problems with syllables and segmentsp. 15
Chapter summaryp. 16
Exercisesp. 16
Further readingp. 19
Voicep. 21
Introductionp. 22
The larynxp. 22
Vocal foldsp. 22
Voiced and voiceless soundsp. 22
Observing vocal fold vibrationp. 24
Voicing in languagesp. 26
Whisperp. 26
Aperiodic wavesp. 29
Chapter summaryp. 30
Exercisesp. 31
Further readingp. 32
Place of articulationp. 33
Introductionp. 34
A brief tour of the vocal tractp. 34
Articulationp. 36
Placep. 36
Complex articulationsp. 40
Homorganic soundsp. 40
Instrumental techniquesp. 41
Places of articulation used in languages of the worldp. 45
Chapter summaryp. 46
Exercisesp. 46
Further readingp. 49
Manner of articulationp. 51
Introductionp. 52
Airflow, pressure, turbulencep. 52
Degree of stricture: obstruent and sonorantp. 53
Stops: oral and nasal, plosive and affricatep. 54
Fricatives: median and lateralp. 56
Approximants: median and lateralp. 57
Taps, flaps and trillsp. 59
Voice, place, manner labelsp. 61
Use of manners of articulation in the world's languagesp. 61
Chapter summaryp. 63
Exercisesp. 63
Further readingp. 67
Vowelsp. 69
Introductionp. 70
Spectrum and resonancep. 70
Vowel articulationp. 72
Long and short vowelsp. 75
Oral and nasalised vowelsp. 75
Monophthong vs diphthongp. 75
The vowel quadrilateralp. 76
Cardinal vowelsp. 77
Vowel systemsp. 79
Vowel instability and variabilityp. 80
Chapter summaryp. 83
Exercisesp. 84
Further readingp. 89
Voice IIp. 91
Introductionp. 92
Voice Onset Timep. 92
Aspirationp. 92
Devoicingp. 95
Phonation typep. 97
Chapter summaryp. 99
Exercisesp. 99
Further readingp. 101
Airstream mechanismsp. 103
Introductionp. 104
Airstream generationp. 104
Ejectivesp. 105
Implosivesp. 108
Clicksp. 110
Chapter summaryp. 114
Exercisesp. 114
Further readingp. 115
Speech sounds and speech movementsp. 117
Introductionp. 118
Primary and secondary articulationp. 118
The linguistic use of secondary articulationp. 120
Coarticulationp. 122
Acoustic and physiological datap. 129
Chapter summaryp. 132
Exercisesp. 132
Further readingp. 133
Basic phonological conceptsp. 135
Contrastp. 136
Minimal pairp. 136
Environment and distributionp. 137
Alternationp. 140
Phonological processesp. 140
Featuresp. 142
Underlying and surface formsp. 144
Phonological rulesp. 144
The syllablep. 145
Phonotacticsp. 146
Chapter summaryp. 148
Exercisesp. 148
Further readingp. 151
Suprasegmentalsp. 153
Introductionp. 154
Fundamental frequency and pitchp. 154
Stressp. 154
Rhythmp. 160
Lexical tonep. 162
Intonationp. 165
Paralinguistic featuresp. 171
Chapter summaryp. 172
Exercisesp. 173
Further readingp. 176
Speaker and hearerp. 177
Introductionp. 178
The hearing mechanismp. 178
Visual cuesp. 180
Speech perception testsp. 181
Cue redundancyp. 183
Speech developmentp. 184
Hearing impairmentsp. 185
Chapter summaryp. 187
Further readingp. 187
Glossaryp. 189
Solutions to the exercisesp. 201
Indexp. 219
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521004961
ISBN-10: 0521004969
Series: Cambridge Introductions to Language and Linguistics
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 230
Published: 24th March 2005
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.6 x 17.4  x 1.4
Weight (kg): 0.458

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