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Intonation : Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics - Alan Cruttenden

Intonation

Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics

Hardcover Published: 13th October 1997
ISBN: 9780521591829
Number Of Pages: 201

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When originally published in 1986, this book was the first to survey intonation in all its aspects, both in English and universally. In this updated edition, while the basic descriptive facts of the form and use of intonation are presented in the British nuclear tone tradition, there is nevertheless extensive comparison with other theoretical frameworks, in particular with the ToBI framework, which has become widespread in the United States. In this new edition Alan Cruttenden has expanded the sections on historical background, different theoretical approaches and sociolinguistic variation. After introductory chapters on the physiology and acoustics of pitch, he describes in detail the forms and functions of intonation in English and discusses the sociolinguistic and dialectal variations in intonation. The concluding chapter provides an overview of the state of the art in intonational studies.

Acknowledgementsp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Transcriptionsp. xv
Preliminariesp. 1
Prosodic featuresp. 1
Length, loudness, and pitchp. 2
Lengthp. 2
Loudnessp. 2
Pitchp. 3
Summaryp. 5
Auditory and instrumentalp. 5
Prominencep. 6
Intonationp. 7
Tone languagesp. 8
Pitch accent languagesp. 10
Summaryp. 12
Sources and further readingp. 12
Stress, Accent, and Rhythmp. 13
Stress and accentp. 13
Word-stressp. 14
English word-stressp. 15
Degrees of stress/accentp. 17
Rhythmp. 20
Prosodic hierarchiesp. 22
Summaryp. 25
Sources and further readingp. 25
The Forms of Intonationp. 26
The historical background to intonational studiesp. 26
Intonation-groupsp. 29
Pausep. 30
Other boundary markersp. 32
Internal structure as group markerp. 35
Problems in group delimitationp. 35
Contours and levelsp. 38
Pitch accents and cleusp. 40
Accent range, key, and registerp. 44
Whole tunes and nuclear tonesp. 47
English nuclear tonesp. 50
Pre-nuclear pitch accentsp. 54
Alternatives to nuclear tonesp. 55
Autosegmental approaches (1)p. 56
Autosegmental approaches (2)p. 59
Summary and previewp. 66
Sources and further readingp. 66
The Functions of Intonationp. 68
Introductionp. 68
Intonation-groupsp. 68
Nucleus placementp. 73
Broad focusp. 74
Narrow focusp. 80
New and old informationp. 81
Contrastivityp. 82
Echoesp. 84
Insistsp. 85
'Normal stress'p. 86
English nuclear tonesp. 87
Local meaningsp. 91
Fallsp. 91
Rises (dependent)p. 93
Rises (independent)p. 97
Tonal sequencesp. 103
Conditioning factorsp. 104
Abstract meaningsp. 106
A two-tone approachp. 106
A three-tone approachp. 108
A compositional approachp. 110
Tonal featuresp. 114
Accent rangep. 115
Complexityp. 117
Stylisationp. 119
Declination and downstepp. 120
Key and registerp. 123
Summaryp. 125
Sources and further readingp. 125
Comparative Intonationp. 128
Introductionp. 128
Style, class, and sexp. 128
Dialectal variationp. 131
British Englishp. 133
Variation in English dialects outside Britainp. 136
Cross-linguistic comparisonsp. 138
Comparative intonation-groupingsp. 139
Comparative nucleus placementp. 139
Comparative tone: alternative modelsp. 144
Comparative tone: basic typologyp. 149
Declarativesp. 151
Yes/no interrogativesp. 155
Question word interrogativesp. 159
Imperatives and exclamativesp. 160
Pre-nuclear accentsp. 160
Stereotyped patterns and chantsp. 161
Intonational universalsp. 161
Declinationp. 162
Tonal universalsp. 163
Intonational changep. 164
Intonation acquisitionp. 166
Summaryp. 169
Sources and further readingp. 169
Conspectusp. 172
Prosodic, paralinguistic, and extralinguisticp. 172
Prosodic featuresp. 173
Paralinguistic effectsp. 174
Intonation and punctuationp. 175
Intonation and gesturep. 177
State-of-the-artp. 178
Sources and further readingp. 178
Referencesp. 180
Indexp. 197
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521591829
ISBN-10: 0521591821
Series: Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 201
Published: 13th October 1997
Publisher: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 16.51  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.48
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised