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Interoperating Geographic Information Systems : The Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science - Michael F. Goodchild

Interoperating Geographic Information Systems

The Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science

Hardcover Published: 28th February 1999
ISBN: 9780792384366
Number Of Pages: 509

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Geographic information systems have developed rapidly in the past decade, and are now a major class of software, with applications that include infrastructure maintenance, resource management, agriculture, Earth science, and planning. But a lack of standards has led to a general inability for one GIS to interoperate with another. It is difficult for one GIS to share data with another, or for people trained on one system to adapt easily to the commands and user interface of another. Failure to interoperate is a problem at many levels, ranging from the purely technical to the semantic and the institutional. Interoperating Geographic Information Systems is about efforts to improve the ability of GISs to interoperate, and has been assembled through a collaboration between academic researchers and the software vendor community under the auspices of the US National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis and the Open GIS Consortium Inc. It includes chapters on the basic principles and the various conceptual frameworks that the research community has developed to think about the problem. Other chapters review a wide range of applications and the experiences of the authors in trying to achieve interoperability at a practical level. Interoperability opens enormous potential for new ways of using GIS and new mechanisms for exchanging data, and these are covered in chapters on information marketplaces, with special reference to geographic information. Institutional arrangements are also likely to be profoundly affected by the trend towards interoperable systems, and nowhere is the impact of interoperability more likely to cause fundamental change than in education, as educators address the needs of a new generation of GIS users with access to a new generation of tools. The book concludes with a series of chapters on education and institutional change. Interoperating Geographic Information Systems is suitable as a secondary text for graduate level courses in computer science, geography, spatial databases, and interoperability and as a reference for researchers and practitioners in industry, commerce and government.

List of Contributors
Preface
About the Editors
Theory and Concepts
Introductionp. 1
Changing focus on interoperability in information systems: from system, syntax, structure to semanticsp. 5
Interoperability and spatial information theoryp. 31
The Open GIS Consortium and progress toward interoperability in GISp. 39
Probing the concept of information communities - a first step toward semantic interoperabilityp. 55
Characterizing the semantic content of geographic data, models, and systemsp. 71
Designing for interoperability: Overcoming semantic differencesp. 85
Interoperability by exchanging executable contentp. 99
Supporting interoperation of GIS objectsp. 107
A specification language for interoperable GISp. 123
Modeling in Distributed Environments
Introductionp. 133
Interoperability of geographic information: From the spreadsheet to virtual environmentsp. 135
Geographical modeling in heterogeneous computing environmentsp. 149
Geospatial information extraction: Querying or quarrying?p. 165
Geospatial modeling: A case study for a statewide land information strategyp. 181
Information brokers for a Web-based geographic information systemp. 195
Automated metadata interpretation to assist in the use of unfamiliar GIS data sourcesp. 203
Systems and Experiences
Introductionp. 215
IRIS: A tool to support data analysis with mapsp. 221
Geo ToolKit: Opening access to object-oriented geodata storesp. 235
The geospatial interoperability problem: Lessons learned from building the GeoLens prototypep. 249
A middleware architecture for transparent access to multiple spatial object databasesp. 267
Interoperating geographic information systems using the open geospatial datastore interface (OGDI)p. 283
DIAL: A Web-based interoperable scientific data distribution systemp. 301
Using the Internet to access geographic information: An Open GIS prototypep. 313
GEOLIB: A software component for making GIS tools interoperablep. 325
Software agent-oriented frameworks for the interoperability of georeferenced digital libraries on the World Wide Web: The SIGAL projectp. 335
Interoperability with the Earth Science Remote Access Tool (ESRAT)p. 355
Multi-server Internet GIS: Standardization and practical experiencesp. 365
A visual geospatial information server (VGIS) providing transparent access to heterogeneous sourcesp. 379
Education, Institutions, and Markets
Introductionp. 399
Organizational and technological interoperability for geographic information infrastructuresp. 401
Spatial Internet marketplaces from a database perspectivep. 415
From GISystems to GIServices: Spatial computing on the Internet marketplacep. 427
Interoperable education for interoperable GISp. 443
Interoperability through organization: Digital libraries for distributed geospatial informationp. 459
Epilogp. 471
Consolidated Referencesp. 475
Indexp. 499
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792384366
ISBN-10: 0792384369
Series: The Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 509
Published: 28th February 1999
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 2.04