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International Fisheries Management : W.G. Hart Legal Workshop Series - Stuart M. Kaye

International Fisheries Management

W.G. Hart Legal Workshop Series

Hardcover Published: December 2000
ISBN: 9789041198204
Number Of Pages: 606

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While the size of the world's fishing catch remains at a constant level, current fishing practices are placing increasing pressure on stocks, and in turn threatening the communities which rely on them. This work examines the role of international law in dealing with this crisis in world fisheries, discussing the principles of marine living resource management found in contemporary international law, and analysing the means by which those principles are implemented.The study is focused around the two principal approaches to fisheries management: the first based upon maximising the yield of particular stocks, and reflected in the content of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea; and the second founded on the precautionary approach and the associated notion of risk assessment, which encourage taking into account the management of the entire ecosystem. The author explores the legal bases of these different approaches and charts their development in international law.The work makes a comparative analysis of the two systems with reference to two international conventions, operating in analogous polar environments: the Bering Sea `Doughnut Hole' Convention, designed to preserve the pollock stock in the central area of the Bering Sea; and the Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR), designed to manage all the elements of the marine ecosystem of the Southern Ocean. The author concludes with a discussion of the difficulties common to both approaches in the area of compliance, and proposes a number of mechanisms by which the management of stocks could be improved.

Abbreviationsp. xiii
Acknowledgementsp. xix
Introductionp. 1
Statement of Objectivesp. 1
Comparing the Polesp. 7
Regime Theory and International Fisheries Managementp. 15
State Satisfaction - International Relationsp. 16
Regime Theory
Epistemic Communitiesp. 23
Stakeholder Satisfaction - Exploitationp. 39
Stakeholder Satisfaction - Environmental Protectionp. 41
Development of International Fisheries Management Prior to UNCLOS IIIp. 43
Fisheries Management Theory prior to 1945p. 43
Maximum Sustainable Yield and Maximum Economic Yieldp. 49
International Law and Management Theoryp. 60
1945 to UNCLOS Ip. 60
UNCLOS I and the Geneva High Seas Fisheries Conventionp. 65
International Cooperation and the Enclosure of the Seasp. 75
International Fisheries Management Under the 1982 Law of the Sea Conventionp. 89
Territorial Sea and Internal Watersp. 90
Exclusive Economic Zonep. 92
UNCLOS IIIp. 92
Provisions of the Law of the Sea Conventionp. 98
Duties of Cooperationp. 111
Highly Migratory Speciesp. 123
Marine Mammalsp. 128
Anadromous Stocksp. 133
Catadromous Stocksp. 138
Sedentary Speciesp. 141
High Seasp. 142
Southern Bluefin Tuna Casesp. 155
Straddling Stocksp. 157
The Precautionary Approach and International Fisheries Managementp. 163
The Precautionary Approachp. 167
Definitionp. 167
Precaution in International Environmental Lawp. 174
Status of Precaution at International Lawp. 182
The Emergence of the Precautionary Approach in Fisheries Managementp. 187
Challenges to Traditional Managementp. 187
UNCEDp. 197
Backgroundp. 197
Agenda 21p. 201
FAOp. 205
1984 World Fisheries Strategyp. 205
Change in Direction: Declaration of Cancunp. 209
High Seas Fisheries Compliance Agreementp. 213
The Emergence of Precautionp. 217
Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheriesp. 221
UN Conference on Straddling and Highly Migratory Fish Stocksp. 229
Backgroundp. 229
Precaution and the Straddling and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Agreementp. 233
Cooperative Management Measuresp. 241
Enforcementp. 250
Other Provisionsp. 256
Customary International Law and the Precautionary Approach to Fisheries Managementp. 257
Ecosystem Management and International Fisheriesp. 267
Introductionp. 267
Ecosystem Management as a Conceptp. 269
Ecosystem Management and Precautionp. 273
International Law and Ecosystem Managementp. 274
UNCEDp. 275
FAOp. 280
Straddling and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks Agreementp. 282
Ecosystem Management as Customp. 284
Co-Management of International Fisheriesp. 287
Introductionp. 287
Definitionp. 292
Co-Management and Fisheries Managementp. 301
Co-Management and International Lawp. 302
Bering Sea Fisheries Prior to 1994
Introductionp. 305
Pollock Fishery of the Bering Seap. 308
Collapse of the High Seas Pollock Fishery: 1984-1994p. 311
Changes in Fishery Patternsp. 311
Challenge and Responsep. 315
International Law and the Negotiation of the Doughnut Hole Regimep. 322
The Bering Sea Doughnut Hole Conventionp. 329
Participationp. 329
Objectivesp. 336
Structurep. 337
Enforcementp. 342
Operation of the Doughnut Hole Conventionp. 345
Antarctic Treaty Management of Southern Ocean Fisheriesp. 355
Marine Living Resource Regimes in the Antarcticp. 355
CCAMLR - Negotiationp. 361
Approach to Managementp. 367
Membershipp. 375
Structuresp. 377
Enforcement and Jurisdictionp. 386
The Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources in Actionp. 399
Decision-Makingp. 399
Ecosystem Managementp. 407
Managementp. 415
CCAMLR in Crisis: The Decline of the Patagonian Toothfishp. 424
The Anatomy of the Crisisp. 424
Responses of CCAMLR to the Crisisp. 429
CCAMLR and Third Statesp. 433
Catch Documentationp. 439
Lessons From Polar Fisheriesp. 443
Introductionp. 443
State Satisfaction - International relationsp. 444
Regime Theoryp. 444
Epistemic Communitiesp. 448
Stakeholder Satisfaction - Exploitationp. 453
Stakeholder Satisfaction - Environmental Protectionp. 455
The Future of International Fisheries Managementp. 461
Introductionp. 461
Compliancep. 464
Coastal Statep. 467
Flag Statep. 473
Non-Flag Statep. 475
Nationalityp. 480
Suggested Solutionsp. 482
Universality and Objective Regimesp. 482
Technology and Compliancep. 488
Co-Managementp. 490
Conclusionp. 496
Bibliographyp. 503
Indexp. 593
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9789041198204
ISBN-10: 9041198202
Series: W.G. Hart Legal Workshop Series
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 606
Published: December 2000
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 3.51
Weight (kg): 1.05

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