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International Conflict Resolution After the Cold War - Committee on International Conflict Resolution

Hardcover Published: 1st September 2000
ISBN: 9780309070270
Number Of Pages: 644

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The end of the Cold War has changed the shape of organized violence in the world and the ways in which governments and others try to set its limits. Even the concept of international conflict is broadening to include ethnic conflicts and other kinds of violence within national borders that may affect international peace and security. What is not yet clear is whether or how these changes alter the way actors on the world scene should deal with conflict: * Do the old methods still work? * Are there new tools that could work better? * How do old and new methods relate to each other? International Conflict Resolution After the Cold War critically examines evidence on the effectiveness of a dozen approaches to managing or resolving conflict in the world to develop insights for conflict resolution practitioners. It considers recent applications of familiar conflict management strategies, such as the use of threats of force, economic sanctions, and negotiation. It presents the first systematic assessments of the usefulness of some less familiar approaches to conflict resolution, including truth commissions, "engineered" electoral systems, autonomy arrangements, and regional organizations. It also opens up analysis of emerging issues, such as the dilemmas facing humanitarian organizations in complex emergencies. This book offers numerous practical insights and raises key questions for research on conflict resolution in a transforming world system.

Prefacep. ix
Conflict Resolution in a Changing Worldp. 1
Traditional and Emerging Strategies for International Conflict Resolutionp. 3
What Works in a Changed World?p. 9
The Challenge of Developing Usable Knowledgep. 12
About the Studiesp. 15
Some Recurring Themesp. 32
Evaluating Interventions in History: The Case of International Conflict Resolutionp. 38
Challenges of Evaluationp. 42
Meeting the Challengesp. 55
Conclusionp. 76
Defining Moment: The Threat and Use of Force in American Foreign Policy Since 1989p. 90
How Threats Are Evaluatedp. 94
Case Studiesp. 100
Conclusionp. 112
Economic Sanctions and Post-Cold War Conflicts: Challenges for Theory and Policyp. 123
Conceptual and Methodological Issues in Sanctions Researchp. 125
Analytical Framework: Sanctions as a Coercive Bargaining Strategyp. 131
Sanctions in the Post-Cold War Era: Patterns and Analysisp. 141
Toward a Strategy of "Sanctions Realism": Challenges for Theory and Policyp. 161
Spoiler Problems in Peace Processesp. 178
Spoilers: A Preliminary Typologyp. 180
Strategies of Spoiler Managementp. 183
Case Studies of Spoiler Managementp. 189
Spoiler Management: Evaluating Success and Failurep. 210
Conclusionp. 219
Ripeness: The Hurting Stalemate and Beyondp. 225
Ripeness Theory in Practicep. 226
Ripeness in Actionp. 232
Proposed Refinements to the Theoryp. 235
Conclusionp. 245
Interactive Conflict Resolution: A View for Policy Makers on Making and Building Peacep. 251
The Multilevel Peace Processp. 253
Interactive Conflict Resolution: What Is It?p. 255
Interactive Conflict Resolution: Principles and Processp. 259
Evaluating Interactive Conflict Resolutionp. 263
Snapshots of Interactive Conflict Resolutionp. 267
What Have We Learned? The Challenges of Cumulative Experiencep. 290
Interactive Conflict Resolution: Issues in Theory, Methodology, and Evaluationp. 294
Methods and Objectives in Interactive Conflict Resolutionp. 296
Ascertaining that Interactive Conflict Resolution Attains Its Microobjectivesp. 305
Does Interactive Conflict Resolution Attain Its Macrogoals?p. 310
Conceptualizing the Impact of Interactive Conflict Resolution: Plausible Effectsp. 312
Research and Methodological Issuesp. 318
Why the Impact of Interactive Conflict Resolution is Likely to Be Overestimatedp. 324
Increasing the Value and Augmenting the Impact of Interactive Conflict Resolutionp. 326
Summary and Conclusionp. 328
Past Truths, Present Dangers: The Role of Official Truth Seeking in Conflict Resolution and Preventionp. 338
The Emergence of Truth Commissions as a Transitional Toolp. 339
Truth Commissions and the Prevention or Resolution of Violent Conflictsp. 356
Gauging Successp. 368
Conclusionp. 373
New Challenges to Conflict Resolution: Humanitarian Nongovernmental Organizations in Complex Emergenciesp. 383
Complex Humanitarian Emergencies and the New Challengesp. 385
Evidence and Case Selectionp. 390
The Critics: Humanitarianism as an Obstacle to Conflict Resolutionp. 390
Addressing the Challengep. 398
Conclusionp. 411
Electoral Systems and Conflict in Divided Societiesp. 420
Introductionp. 420
Developing an Analytical Framework for a Contingent Theory of Electoral System Designp. 429
The World of Electoral Systemsp. 437
The Importance of the Process Which Led to the Choice of Electoral Systemp. 441
Electoral Systems and Conflict Managementp. 446
Conclusionsp. 462
Advice for Policy Makersp. 473
Autonomy as a Strategy for Diffusing Conflictp. 483
Autonomy as a Conflict-Resolving Devicep. 483
The Legal Bases for Autonomyp. 489
Pros and Cons of Autonomy: An Overview of Experience and Some Argumentsp. 494
Criteria for Judging the Success of Autonomyp. 501
Experiences of Autonomy: Propositionsp. 504
Conclusionp. 524
Language Conflict and Violence: The Straw that Strengthens the Camel's Backp. 531
The Relationship of Language to Political Conflictp. 533
The Route from Ethnic Conflict to Ethnic Violencep. 535
How Can a Straw Strengthen the Camel's Back?p. 541
Comparative Speculationsp. 546
Policy Analysisp. 559
Summary and Conclusionp. 562
The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe: Its Contribution to Conflict Prevention and Resolutionp. 569
Development and Institutionalization of the CSCE/OSCEp. 572
The OSCE Role in Conflict Prevention, Cease-Fire Mediation, Conflict Resolution, and Postconflict Security Buildingp. 580
Conclusionp. 601
About the Authorsp. 617
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780309070270
ISBN-10: 0309070279
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 644
Published: 1st September 2000
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.67 x 16.46  x 4.5
Weight (kg): 1.16

Earn 299 Qantas Points
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