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Intermediate Polish : A Grammar and Workbook - Dana Bielec

Intermediate Polish

A Grammar and Workbook

Hardcover

Published: 7th October 2004
Ships: 7 to 10 business days
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Intermediate Polish is designed for learners who have achieved basic proficiency and wish to progress to more complex language. Each unit combines clear, concise grammar explanations with examples and exercises to help build confidence and fluency.
Features include:
* focus on areas of particular confusion such as verbs that are difficult to translate and nouns made from numbers
* comprehensive glossary of grammatical terms
* reference list of over 250 Polish verbs
* full key to all exercises.
Suitable for independent learners and students on taught courses, Intermediate Polish, together with its sister volume, Basic Polish, forms a structured course in the essentials of Polish.
Dana Bielec is the author of the popular Polish: An Essential Grammar, as well as Basic Polish: A Grammar and Workbook, both published by Routledge.

Introduction
List of abbreviations
Verb aspects
-a? and -i? verbs: present tense consonant changes
Comparisons: adjectives in -er and -est
Present tense of -n?? verbs
Short-stem non-wa? verbs: padding with 'j' (present)
Comparisons: adverbs with 'more' and 'most'
Past tense of most imperfective verbs; movable person suffixes
Past tense of imperfective verbs in -e? and -n??
Past tense of double imperfective verbs
Short-stem verbs in -?? and -c (present, past)
Modal verbs musie?, chcie?, wole? (present, past); because, since
Past tense of perfective verbs (prefixed); when(ever), as soon as
Past tense of perfective verbs (stem-changed)
'Can': m+[3]c, potrafi?, umie? (present, past)
Past tense of perfective verbs in -?? and -n??
Unusual verb pairs; polite commands with Prosz?
Higher numbers and dates
Future with by? - imperfective verbs; time expressions
Future without by? - perfective verbs; gdy, jak
Informal commands
Commands with niech; -? & -kolwiek; vocative case
Verbs made from i?? (past, future)
Verbs from i?? & chodzi? (commands); concessions
Modal verbs powinienem & mie? (present, past)
How verbal prefixes change meaning; direction to/from
Six very precise verbs
Simple conditions & wishes; je?li/je?eli, mo?e
Conditions with 'I would if'; avoiding ambiguity
Modal verbs (future, conditional); ?eby; else
Impersonal verbs (present); cause and result
Impersonal verbs (past, future, conditional)
Si? to translate 'one' and 'you'
Impersonal wida?, s?ycha?, czu?, zna?
Present adverbial participle in -?c (while -ing)
Past adverbial participle in - wszy & ?szy (having ...)
Indefinite numbers; -ka nouns from numbers
Relative pronoun kt+[3]ry; adjectives used as nouns
Present adjectival participle (active) - imperfective verbs
Present adjectival participles (passive) - imperfective verbs
Past adjectival participle (passive) - perfective verbs; until, while, before
Prepositions and their cases
Adjective endings
Declension of pronouns
Future of stem-changed perfective verbs
Key to exercises
Glossary of grammatical terms
Polish-English verb list
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415224383
ISBN-10: 0415224381
Series: Grammar Workbooks
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 240
Published: 7th October 2004
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.08 x 15.85  x 1.85
Weight (kg): 0.49
Edition Number: 1