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Integrated Resource Management : Agroforestry for Development - Charles V. Kidd

Integrated Resource Management

Agroforestry for Development

By: Charles V. Kidd (Editor), David Pimentel (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 1st March 1992
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Written to help bring agriculture's "Green Revolution" to the third world, Integrated Resource Management includes overviews of current agricultural production systems and their alternatives, demographics on mortality and population growth, soils, erosion, water availability, sustainable integrated agroforestry systems and behavioral adaptations.
Key Features
* Explains why a quality environment is essential for future agricultural and economic development
Demonstrates that integrated resource management leads to sustainable and productive agriculture for development
* Shows that certain agroforestry techniques conserve soil, water, energy, and biological resources and at the same time increase food and fuel supplies
* Addresses the need for interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary research and training to implement sound resource management policies and programs

Contributors
Foreword
Overview
Food Production
Introductionp. 3
Unprecedented Increase in Food Production, 1950-1985p. 5
Biomass Production--Firewood and Forestsp. 7
Deforestation and Loss of Biological Diversityp. 8
Costs, Dangers, and Limits of High-Energy-Input Agriculturep. 9
The Need to Extend Low-Energy-Input Systemsp. 10
Continuing Dependence on High-Energy-Input Agriculture, 1985-2020p. 11
The Outlookp. 17
Food Production, Hunger, and Povertyp. 17
The Goals--Productivity, Sustainability, and Equityp. 18
The Means--Methods, Devices, Practices, and Techniquesp. 22
Integrationp. 22
A Synoptic Labelp. 24
Referencesp. 25
Population Change: Global Trends and Future Implications
Introductionp. 29
Population Growth in Historical Perspectivep. 30
Recent Trends and Short-Term Prospectsp. 32
A Long-Term Perspective on Future Population Changep. 36
Long-Term Mortality and Fertility Assumptionsp. 38
Population Growth: Absolute and Relativep. 41
The Implications of Rapid Population Growthp. 43
Referencesp. 47
Soil and Water Resources
Soil and Land
Introductionp. 51
Nature of the Soil Resourcep. 51
Geologic Erosionp. 54
Soil-Loss Tolerancep. 54
Soil-Forming Factorsp. 55
The Use of Landp. 56
Arable Landp. 56
Soil Managementp. 59
Conclusionp. 63
Referencesp. 64
Soil Erosion
On-Site Effectsp. 65
Off-Site Effectsp. 73
Assessing the Costs of Soil Erosionp. 74
Policy Conclusionsp. 76
Referencesp. 77
Water
The Uses of Waterp. 81
The Supply and Distribution of Waterp. 83
Focus on Agriculture and Irrigationp. 86
Dimensions of Water Qualityp. 88
The Need for Water Managementp. 92
Appendix A. The Water Budgetp. 95
Appendix B. Critical Water Parameters by Continentp. 97
Referencesp. 98
Productive Sustainable Systems: Agroforestry
Integrated Resource Management Systems--Definition and Assessment
Small-Scale, Low-Energy-Input Agriculturep. 103
Agroforestry--Definition and Descriptionp. 105
The Underappreciated Treesp. 107
The Emergence of Agroforestryp. 109
A Critical Assessment of the Benefits of Agroforestryp. 111
A Note of Cautionp. 123
Referencesp. 124
Examples, Case Studies, and Models
Summary Examplesp. 127
Detailed Case Studiesp. 136
Referencesp. 151
Research Challenges: Ecosystems and Economics
Introduction: The Needs and the Obstaclesp. 155
Descriptive/Diagnostic Studiesp. 157
Empirical/Statistical Methodsp. 158
Mathematical Programmingp. 159
Sustaining Ecosystems and Benefit/Cost Analysisp. 160
Appendix A. Details of Raintree's 1983 Linear Program Modelp. 170
Appendix B. Money as a Common Denominatorp. 170
Referencesp. 171
Social Aspects of Resource Management Systems
Property Rightsp. 176
Division of Laborp. 180
Nutritionp. 182
Gainers and Losersp. 185
Referencesp. 187
A Sociological Analysis of Alternative Agriculture
Introductionp. 191
Tailoring Management to Local Situationsp. 192
Multilevel Interactions between Society and Soil/Water Resourcesp. 193
Regulatory Systems Scale and Adaptive Behaviorp. 194
When Payoffs Changep. 194
System Change and Unevenness of Adaptationp. 195
Technological Fixes, Organic Flows, and Cultural Ambivalencep. 195
Role Differentiation and Adaptive Behaviorp. 196
Adaptive Response to the Unfamiliarp. 197
Technological Optimismp. 197
Conflicts and Competing Demands for Resourcesp. 198
Local to Global Linkage Systemsp. 198
Summaryp. 199
Referencesp. 200
Summary
Observations and Conclusions
Population Growthp. 205
Known Principlesp. 206
Forces Determining Agricultural Policyp. 209
Small-Scale, Low-Input, Sustainable Agriculturep. 211
Referencesp. 216
Appendix A: American Association for the Advancement of Science, January 1989p. 217
Appendix B: Acronymsp. 219
Indexp. 221
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780124064102
ISBN-10: 0124064108
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 223
Published: 1st March 1992
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.91 x 15.19  x 1.42
Weight (kg): 0.49