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Integrated Public Lands Management : Principles and Applications to National Forests, Parks, Wildlife Refuges, and BLM Lands - John Loomis

Integrated Public Lands Management

Principles and Applications to National Forests, Parks, Wildlife Refuges, and BLM Lands

Hardcover Published: 15th May 2002
ISBN: 9780231124447
Number Of Pages: 544
For Ages: 22+ years old

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"Integrated Public Lands Management" is the only book that deals with the management procedures of all the primary public land management agencies -- National Forests, Parks, Wildlife Refuges, and the Bureau of Land Management -- in one volume. This book fills the need for a unified treatment of the analytical procedures used by federal land management agencies in planning and managing their diverse lands. The second edition charts the progress these agencies have made toward the management of their lands as ecosystems. It includes new U.S. Forest Service regulations, expanded coverage of Geographic Information Systems, and new legislation on the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and National Wildlife Refuges.

One of the few books that authoritatively deals with management practices on public lands... All in all, a book that will be of great value. Northeastern Naturalist

Figuresp. xi
Acronymsp. xv
Preface and Acknowledgments to the Second Editionp. xix
Preface to the First Editionp. xxi
Acknowledgments to the First Editionp. xxiii
Natural Resource Use Interactions: The Key to Modern Public Land Managementp. 1
How and Why People Care About Natural Resourcesp. 1
The Broadening Focus of Public Land Managementp. 2
Defining Integrated Natural Resource Managementp. 4
Definitions of Ecosystem Managementp. 8
Ecosystem Management as a Special Case of Integrated Resource Managementp. 9
Role of Planning in Achieving Integrated Natural Resource Managementp. 10
How Integrated Natural Resource Management Can Solve Past Problems and Avoid New Onesp. 12
The Appropriate Roles of Multiresource Analysis in Resolving Public Land Resource Conflictsp. 18
Why Those Interested in Natural Resource and Environmental Management Should Study Federal Landsp. 20
Another View: Biocentric, Ecocentric, or Deep Ecology View of Natural Resourcesp. 21
Laws and Agencies Governing Federal Land Managementp. 23
Size and Scope of Public Lands in the United Statesp. 23
Importance of Understanding the Legal Basis for Public Land Managementp. 26
A Brief History of the Evolution of Federal Landownership Patterns with Implications for Management Todayp. 27
Selected Retention of Federal Lands from 1870 to the 1900s: Emergence of National Forests and National Parksp. 30
Forest Reserves Act and Birth of the National Forestsp. 32
1897 Organic Act Establishes the Purposes of Forest Reservesp. 33
Expanding into the Present-Day National Forest Systemp. 34
Management of National Forests Since the 1950s: Laws, Social Forces, and Trendsp. 37
Special Federal Land Classifications Passed During the 1960s: Wilderness Act, Wild and Scenic Rivers Act, and National Trails Actp. 40
Long-Term National Planning for Forests: 1974 Resources Planning Actp. 43
National Forest Management Act of 1976p. 47
Evolution of Federal Multiple-Use Lands Administered by the Bureau of Land Managementp. 57
National Parks and the National Park Servicep. 64
Federal Wildlife Policy and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Servicep. 69
Summary of Interrelationships Between the Land-Managing Agency and Land Use Classificationp. 79
Federal Acts Applying to All Federal Agenciesp. 81
Economic Rationale for Continued Government Ownership of Landp. 89
Three Roles of Government in the Economyp. 89
Efficiency as the Primary Economic Rationale for Government Ownership of Landp. 92
Externalities as One Source of Market Failure and Inefficiencyp. 92
Government Failure and Inefficiency of Public Agenciesp. 100
Improving Management of Public Lands: The Role of Planning and Evaluationp. 104
Another View: the Sagebrush Rebellion and Wise Use Movementp. 107
Criteria and Decision Techniques for Public Land Managementp. 109
Five General Criteria for Evaluating Public Land Management Alternativesp. 110
Criteria for Sustainable Forestryp. 115
Performance Indicators as Measures of the Criteriap. 116
Techniques for Integrating the Five Criteria in Decision Makingp. 116
Choosing the Appropriate Decision Aidp. 129
Roles and Uses of Models and Geographic Information Systems in Natural Resource Managementp. 133
Usefulness of Modelsp. 133
Key Features Needed in Ecological Models for Natural Resource Managementp. 140
Description of Fish Habitat Index Modelsp. 141
Example of U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Habitat Evaluation Procedure Habitat Suitability Index Modelp. 145
Geographic Information System Models in Natural Resource Management Planningp. 148
Conclusionp. 155
Applying Economic Efficiency Analysis in Practice: Principles of Benefit-Cost Analysisp. 157
What Is Formal Benefit-Cost Analysis?p. 157
Use of the "With and Without" Principlep. 158
Conceptual Foundation of Benefit-Cost Analysisp. 160
Gross Willingness to Pay, Cost, and Net Benefitsp. 166
Importance of Timing of Benefits and Costsp. 180
Alternative Benefit-Cost Decision Criteriap. 189
Valuation of Natural Resources from Public Landsp. 196
Valuation of Nonmarketed Natural Resources Such as Recreation, Wildlife, Fisheries, Wilderness, and Riversp. 201
Is There a Role for Economics in Ecosystem Management?p. 214
Toward the Future: Landscape Valuation and Geographic Information Systemsp. 218
Regional Economic Analysis and Input-Output Modelsp. 221
Need for Regional Economic Analysisp. 221
Traditional Concepts of Regional Economic Analysisp. 222
Input-Output Models: A Simple Model of a Local Economyp. 228
Social Accounting Matrixp. 234
Income Multipliersp. 235
Employment Multipliersp. 235
Application of Input-Output Modelsp. 236
Assumptions of Input-Output Modelsp. 241
Development of Input-Output Models: The Survey-Based Approachp. 242
Use of Existing Input-Output Models: IMPLANp. 243
Conclusionp. 245
Another View: New West versus Old West, or Why Traditional Input-Output Models May Be Misleadingp. 246
Principles of Multiple-Use Managementp. 249
What Exactly Is Multiple Use?p. 249
Multiple Use as Packages of Compatible or Complementary Usesp. 251
Clawson's Three Elements for Multiple-Use Decisionsp. 253
A Simplified Example of Multiple-Use Management Using a Production Possibilities Curvep. 256
Shifts in the Production Possibilities Curvep. 261
Using Linear Programming to Make the Production Possibilities Curve Operational and Add Other Criteria of Public Land Managementp. 263
Importance of Joint Production in Multiple-Use Managementp. 275
Another View: The Role of Analysis in Negotiations Over Multiple-Use and Natural Resource Management: The Quincy Library Groupp. 277
Multiple-Use Planning and Ecosystem Management of the National Forestsp. 279
Forest Service Planning Process Under the National Forest Management Actp. 279
Overview of the Steps in the U.S. Forest Service Planning Processp. 280
How the Forest Service Implemented the NFMA 1982 Planning Regulations: A Look at Programming Models and IMPLAN Input-Output Modelsp. 291
How Linear Programming and Input-Output Models Are Used by the Forest Service to Implement the National Forest Management Actp. 308
Example First-Round National Forest Plan: Siuslaw National Forestp. 313
Implementation of Forest Plans: Nez Perce National Forestp. 327
Lessons Learned from the First Round of Forest Planningp. 328
Forest Plan Revision Regulationsp. 329
Committee of Scientists Recommendations for Second Round of Forest Planningp. 331
Final Rule for National Forest System Land and Resource Management Plan Revisionsp. 332
Example of a Forest Plan Consistent with the Revised Planning Rulesp. 341
A Comprehensive Benefit-Cost Analysis Approach to Evaluating Multiple-Use Trade-offsp. 349
Multiple-Use Planning and Management in the Bureau of Land Managementp. 361
Background on the BLM and the Federal Land Policy and Management Actp. 361
Resource Management Planningp. 365
Overview of Resource Management Planning in the BLMp. 368
Case Study of the Implementation of Federal Land Policy and Management Act Using the BLM Resource Management Planp. 379
BLM's Second-Tier Planning: Activity Planningp. 409
Critique of the First Round of BLM Resource Management Plansp. 409
Summary Observations on Bureau of Land Management Planningp. 411
Case Study of Economic Value of Forage on BLM Lands for Big Game and Livestockp. 412
Another View: Abuses of BLM Land Under the Anachronistic 1872 Mining Lawp. 417
Wildlife Planning and Management in the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Servicep. 421
Wildlife Refuge Managementp. 423
USFWS Approaches to Refuge Planningp. 428
The Comprehensive Conservation Planning Process in the Lower 48 States Under the Refuge Improvement Act of 1997p. 431
Planning on Refuges in Alaska: An Example of a Comprehensive Conservation Plan for the Arctic National Wildlife Refugep. 451
North American Waterfowl Management Planp. 461
Mitigation Planning Techniques Used by the USFWS and Other Federal Agenciesp. 463
Comments on USFWS Planningp. 465
External Threats to National Wildlife Refugesp. 465
National Park Servicep. 467
Introduction and Backgroundp. 467
What to Preserve: Scenery or Ecology?p. 470
Current Visitor Use, Facilities, and Access Policies in Park Managementp. 472
Natural Resource Management Guidelinesp. 476
Internal Threats to National Park Facilities: Lack of Funding and Motorized Recreationp. 483
National Park Planning Processp. 484
Suggested Extension of Operational Criteria for Balancing Preservation and Visitor Use in the General Management Planp. 500
Zion National Park General Management Plan Examplep. 508
External Threats to Parks and the Need for Broader Multiagency Planningp. 524
The Movement Toward Ecosystem Planning and Managementp. 529
The Need for Ecosystem Planning and Managementp. 529
Principles of Ecosystem Planning and Managementp. 533
Integrated Ecosystem Planning of Mixed Public and Private Landsp. 537
Potential for Federal Ecosystem Planningp. 539
Case Studies of Ecosystem Planningp. 540
Initial Assessment of Ecosystem Management Effortsp. 563
Importance of Budgetary Realism in Traditional and Ecosystem Planningp. 565
Parting Thoughts on the Next Four Years of Public Land Managementp. 566
Referencesp. 569
Indexp. 591
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780231124447
ISBN-10: 0231124449
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 22+ years old
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 544
Published: 15th May 2002
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.8  x 3.76
Weight (kg): 1.23
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised