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Inequality at Work : Hispanics in the U.S. Labor Force - Gregory DeFreitas

Inequality at Work

Hispanics in the U.S. Labor Force

Hardcover

Published: 5th December 1991
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This book presents a comprehensive economic analysis of the rapidly growing Hispanic labour force in the U.S. The author evaluates the leading economic theories on immigration and on racial and ethnic inequality in incomes and employment. He then tests these theories empirically with a variety of recent national data sets. Many of the findings throw into question widely held views among the public, academics, and policymakers. The author surveys the evolution of each of the main national-origin subgroups: Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, Central and South Americans, and other Hispanic Labour forces in the U.S. He finds that the Hispanic disadvantage in income, poverty, and unemployment has remained chronically large and has actually been increasing in recent years. He finds that Hispanics are unusually vulnerable to recessionary downturns in the national economy. His study of the impact of undocumented Hispanic immigration into the U.S. contradicts claims that immigration, either legal or illegal, increases the unemployment or lowers the earnings of American workers.

"DeFreitas does an excellent job in collecting, coordinating and, where necessary, generating data not only for total Hispanics, but also analyzing by country of origin....This book is an excellent reference source, and one of the few devoted to applying the traditional paradigms of the labor market to persons of Spanish origin."--Choice "Gregory DefReitas' Inequality at Work covers a great deal of ground....[An] important contribution to the literature on this rapidly growing group of workers."--Monthly Labor Review "A timely and informative book on the economic progress experienced by Hispanics in the United States and the impact Hispanic immigrants have had on the U.S. labor market."--Journal of Economic Literature "DeFreitas makes a strong contribution to understanding the changes in the position of Hispanic workers over time. He accurately identifies the key aspects surrounding the Hispanic experience in the labor force and makes an eloquent case for the argument that traditional interpretations of labor market behavior need to be reconsidered when evaluating the Hispanic experience. Many findings have clear policy implications....The book should be useful to researchers and policy-makers concerned with the functioning of the United States labor market and its impact on ethnic minorities."--International Migration Review "DeFreitas's discussions are competent and up-to-date. A researcher interested in learning exactly what the most recent data show need look no further than this book."--Industrial and Labor Relations Review "DeFreitas does an excellent job in collecting, coordinating and, where necessary, generating data not only for total Hispanics, but also analyzing by country of origin....This book is an excellent reference source, and one of the few devoted to applying the traditional paradigms of the labor market to persons of Spanish origin."--Choice "Gregory DefReitas' Inequality at Work covers a great deal of ground....[An] important contribution to the literature on this rapidly growing group of workers."--Monthly Labor Review "A timely and informative book on the economic progress experienced by Hispanics in the United States and the impact Hispanic immigrants have had on the U.S. labor market."--Journal of Economic Literature "DeFreitas makes a strong contribution to understanding the changes in the position of Hispanic workers over time. He accurately identifies the key aspects surrounding the Hispanic experience in the labor force and makes an eloquent case for the argument that traditional interpretations of labor market behavior need to be reconsidered when evaluating the Hispanic experience. Many findings have clear policy implications....The book should be useful to researchers and policy-makers concerned with the functioning of the United States labor market and its impact on ethnic minorities."--International Migration Review "DeFreitas's discussions are competent and up-to-date. A researcher interested in learning exactly what the most recent data show need look no further than this book."--Industrial and Labor Relations Review

Tablesp. xi
Figuresp. xv
Introductionp. 3
The Emergence of the Hispanic American Labor Forcep. 10
Mexican Americansp. 11
Puerto Ricansp. 26
Cubansp. 36
Other Latin Americansp. 39
Growth and Stagnation in Employment and Earningsp. 53
Data Comparability Problemsp. 53
Income and Earnings Trends: 1949-1979p. 54
Annual Trends: 1973-1987p. 57
Poverty: 1949-1987p. 60
Explanations of the Postwar Patternsp. 65
Conclusionp. 88
Hispanic Unemployment Across the Business Cyclep. 95
Unemployment Theories and Minority Unemploymentp. 95
Cyclical Fluctuations in Participation and Employmentp. 113
Econometric Findingsp. 118
Conclusionp. 124
Unemployment Differentials Among Spanish-Origin Groupsp. 130
Evidence on Spell Frequency, Length, and Causesp. 130
Multivariate Analysis of Incidence and Durationp. 144
Decomposition of the Unemployment Gapp. 156
Conclusionp. 160
Hispanic Capitalism: Dimensions and Prospectsp. 167
Changes in Self-Employment, 1970-1980p. 168
Determinants of Self-Employmentp. 169
Consequences of Self-Employmentp. 176
Conclusionp. 183
The Educational Crisis of Hispanic Youthp. 186
Educational Attainment Differentialsp. 187
Determinants of Enrollmentp. 188
Regression Analysis of Dropout Behaviorp. 198
Conclusionp. 205
Does Immigration Harm Native Workers?p. 209
The Magnitude of Migrationp. 210
Impacts on the Public Transfer Systemp. 214
Impacts on Domestic Earnings and Unemploymentp. 228
Conclusionp. 248
Epiloguep. 253
Bibliographyp. 258
Indexp. 277
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195064216
ISBN-10: 0195064216
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 300
Published: 5th December 1991
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.3 x 16.5  x 2.7
Weight (kg): 0.62