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Indoor Environmental Quality - Thad Godish

Indoor Environmental Quality

Hardcover Published: 1st October 2000
ISBN: 9781566704021
Number Of Pages: 480

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When we think of indoor pollution, we usually think of conditions originating from faulty ventilation systems, second hand smoke, and other air borne pollutants. Taking an in-depth, hard science look at the problems of indoor environmental pollution, Indoor Environmental Quality covers all the major indoor contaminants - inorganic, organic, and biological.

Renowned author Thad Godish expands the scope of "indoor air quality" issues to include the entire indoor environment, both in the workplace and the home. He covers:

  • hand-to-mouth transfer of lead, pesticides and asbestos
  • dermal exposures from pesticide-contaminated dust
  • contact with office materials such as carbon paper and other printed papers
  • Naturally occurring and man-made contaminants such as radon and asbestos

    Godish discusses specific techniques including ventilation and air cleaning that can aid you in the clean-up of indoor air problems. He presents the major issues and concepts, and provides supporting facts in a highly readable style.
    An excellent, comprehensive, clear introduction to the issues associated with the quality of the indoor environment, Indoor Environmental Quality gives you the how-tos for controlling contaminants at the source. Its readability makes it ideal for anyone who needs information about specific indoor air problems, and how to diagnose and mitigate them.
  • Industry Reviews

    "Although each of the 13 chapters is carefully structured with supporting diagrams, experimental data, and review questions, a quick scan of the table of contents will lead directly to individual interest areas. From car interiors to space capsules and submarines, common and exotic needs and specific remedies are included in this fascinating book." -R. M. Ferguson, in CHOICE, October 2001

    Indoor environmentsp. 1
    Indoor contamination problemsp. 3
    Characteristics of residential buildingsp. 4
    Population servedp. 4
    Ownership statusp. 4
    Building typesp. 5
    Construction characteristicsp. 7
    Age and conditionp. 14
    Site characteristicsp. 14
    Occupants and occupant behaviorp. 15
    Exposure concernsp. 15
    Characteristics of nonresidential buildingsp. 16
    Building functions and populations servedp. 16
    Access and ownership statusp. 17
    Building types and construction characteristicsp. 18
    Building operation and maintenancep. 21
    Occupant densities and activitiesp. 21
    Exposure concernsp. 21
    Other indoor environmentsp. 22
    Motor vehiclesp. 22
    Commercial airplanesp. 22
    Trainsp. 23
    Shipsp. 23
    Submarines and space capsulesp. 23
    Inorganic contaminants: asbestos/radon/leadp. 27
    Asbestosp. 27
    Mineral characteristicsp. 28
    Asbestos-containing building materialsp. 29
    Asbestos exposuresp. 33
    Health effectsp. 37
    Radonp. 40
    Soil sources/transportp. 41
    Groundwaterp. 45
    Building materialsp. 46
    Radon concentrationsp. 46
    Health effectsp. 48
    Risk assessmentp. 50
    Leadp. 53
    Lead in the indoor environmentp. 54
    Blood lead levelsp. 57
    Health effectsp. 59
    Combustion-generated contaminantsp. 67
    Vented combustion appliancesp. 68
    Flue-gas spillagep. 69
    Wood-burning appliancesp. 69
    Unvented combustion systemsp. 71
    Cooking stoves in developing countriesp. 71
    Gas and kerosene heating appliancesp. 74
    Gas stoves and ovensp. 76
    Gas fireplacesp. 77
    Miscellaneous sourcesp. 77
    Tobacco smokingp. 77
    Candles and incensep. 79
    Propane-fueled burnishersp. 81
    Propane-fueled forkliftsp. 81
    Ice resurfacing machinesp. 81
    Arena eventsp. 82
    Entrainmentp. 83
    Re-entry of flue gasesp. 83
    Health concerns and health effectsp. 84
    Carbon monoxidep. 84
    Irritantsp. 86
    Nitrogen oxidesp. 87
    Carcinogens and cancerp. 88
    Environmental tobacco smokep. 88
    Biomass cookingp. 91
    Organic contaminantsp. 95
    Aldehydesp. 95
    Sensory irritationp. 97
    Formaldehydep. 98
    Acetaldehydep. 107
    Acroleinp. 107
    Glutaraldehydep. 108
    VOCs/SVOCsp. 108
    VOCs in residential buildingsp. 109
    VOCs in nonresidential buildingsp. 109
    Sources/emissionsp. 111
    Polyvalent alcohols and their derivativesp. 112
    SVOCsp. 114
    Health effectsp. 118
    Indoor air chemistryp. 123
    Pesticidesp. 124
    Biocidesp. 124
    Fungicidesp. 126
    Insecticidesp. 126
    Indoor exposures and levelsp. 128
    Biological contaminants--illness syndromes; bacteria; viruses; and exposures to insect, mite, and animal allergensp. 143
    Illness syndromesp. 144
    Chronic allergic rhinitisp. 144
    Asthmap. 145
    Hypersensitivity pneumonitisp. 146
    Bacteria and virusesp. 147
    Bacteriap. 147
    Virusesp. 154
    Settled organic dustp. 155
    Mitesp. 155
    Insectsp. 159
    Animal allergensp. 161
    Cat allergensp. 162
    Dog allergensp. 163
    Rodent allergensp. 163
    Passive allergen transportp. 163
    Biological contaminants--moldp. 167
    Biology of moldp. 167
    Reproductionp. 168
    Dispersalp. 168
    Nutritionp. 171
    Environmental requirementsp. 172
    Classificationp. 173
    Biologically significant fungal compoundsp. 174
    MVOCsp. 174
    Fungal toxinsp. 175
    Exposure assessmentsp. 177
    Outdoor prevalencep. 177
    Indoor prevalencep. 178
    Health concernsp. 179
    Infectionsp. 180
    Allergenic and immunological illnessp. 181
    Nonallergenic illnessp. 183
    Mold infestation--risk factorsp. 185
    High relative humidityp. 185
    Cold floorsp. 187
    Condensationp. 187
    Water intrusionp. 190
    Plumbing leaks and floodingp. 191
    Other sources of indoor mold contaminationp. 193
    Problem buildingsp. 195
    Building illness conceptsp. 195
    Building-related illnessp. 195
    Work-related illness and symptomsp. 196
    Sick building syndromep. 196
    Sick/tight/problem buildingsp. 198
    Field investigationsp. 198
    NIOSH investigationsp. 198
    Systematic building investigations--symptom prevalencep. 200
    Work performance and productivityp. 203
    SBS-type symptom risk factorsp. 204
    Personal characteristicsp. 204
    Psychosocial phenomena and factorsp. 206
    Tobacco smokingp. 208
    Environmental factorsp. 208
    Office materials and equipmentp. 211
    Building furnishingsp. 217
    Exposure to specific vapor- and particulate-phase contaminantsp. 221
    Investigating indoor environment problemsp. 227
    Awareness and responsibilityp. 227
    Residential buildingsp. 227
    Nonresidential buildingsp. 229
    Conducting indoor environment investigationsp. 229
    Residential investigationsp. 230
    Nonresidential investigationsp. 236
    Measurement of indoor contaminantsp. 263
    Measurement considerationsp. 263
    Samplingp. 264
    Sampling objectivesp. 264
    Sampling airborne contaminantsp. 266
    Sampling bulk materials/surface contaminantsp. 276
    Measuring common contaminants in indoor environmentsp. 278
    Sampling biological aerosolsp. 284
    Source emissions characterizationp. 293
    Laboratory methodsp. 293
    Emission rates and rate modelingp. 295
    Full-scale studiesp. 297
    IAQ modelingp. 298
    Source controlp. 301
    Preventionp. 302
    Manufacturing safe products and product improvementp. 302
    Consumer avoidancep. 303
    Designing and constructing "healthy buildings"p. 305
    Building operation and maintenancep. 308
    Mitigation measuresp. 310
    Source removal and replacementp. 311
    Source treatment and modificationp. 311
    Climate controlp. 314
    Contaminant-specific source control measuresp. 314
    Asbestosp. 315
    Leadp. 318
    Biological contaminantsp. 321
    Ventilationp. 333
    Natural ventilationp. 334
    Stack effectp. 335
    Windp. 337
    Infiltration and exfiltration air exchange ratesp. 338
    Leakage characteristicsp. 339
    Measuring building air exchange ratesp. 340
    Mechanical ventilationp. 342
    General dilution ventilationp. 342
    Local exhaust ventilationp. 362
    Air cleaningp. 369
    Airborne particles and dustsp. 369
    Filtrationp. 370
    Electrostatic air cleanersp. 378
    Performance measurementp. 381
    Use considerationsp. 384
    Gas/vapor-phase contaminantsp. 392
    Adsorptionp. 393
    Activated carbonsp. 393
    Chemisorptionp. 399
    Performance studiesp. 400
    Absorptionp. 401
    Room temperature catalystsp. 401
    Botanical air cleaningp. 401
    Ozonationp. 401
    Air cleaners as contaminant sourcesp. 402
    Regulatory and nonregulatory initiativesp. 405
    Introductionp. 405
    Regulatory conceptsp. 406
    Air quality standardsp. 406
    Emission standardsp. 408
    Application standardsp. 410
    Prohibitive bans and use restrictionsp. 410
    Warningsp. 412
    Compulsory HVAC system performance evaluationsp. 412
    Regulatory actions and initiativesp. 414
    Asbestosp. 414
    Leadp. 418
    Formaldehydep. 422
    Smoking in public placesp. 423
    OSHA actions and proposalsp. 424
    Other actions and authoritiesp. 425
    Nonregulatory approachesp. 426
    Health guidelinesp. 426
    Ventilation guidelinesp. 428
    Public health advisoriesp. 429
    Performance guidelines and requirementsp. 429
    Governmental voluntary initiativesp. 432
    Citizen initiativesp. 433
    Public information and education programsp. 434
    Civil litigationp. 435
    Indexp. 441
    Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

    ISBN: 9781566704021
    ISBN-10: 1566704022
    Audience: Professional
    Format: Hardcover
    Language: English
    Number Of Pages: 480
    Published: 1st October 2000
    Publisher: CRC PR INC
    Country of Publication: US
    Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 16.51  x 3.18
    Weight (kg): 0.77
    Edition Number: 1

    Earn 596 Qantas Points
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