This book provides an introduction to the main schools of Indian philosophy within both the Hindu and Buddhist traditions. Richard King analyzes the schools' different doctrines and compares their approaches to specific philosophical topics - ontology, epistemology, perception, consciousness, and creation and causality.
While King's main focus is on the ideas as professed by the major schools of thought, he also takes into account the important contributions made by individual thinkers. Among these are Bhartrhari, who helped introduce linguistic analysis into Indian philosophy; Nagarjuna, the reputed founder of the Mahayana or "Middle Way" school; and Asanga, the believed founder of the Yogacara or "Practice of Yoga" school.
This is the first introduction to Indian philosophy written for a western audience to assess Indian thought in its own context and to examine its relationship with the West. King discusses the nature of philosophy in general, examining the shifting usage of the term throughout history. He examines western perceptions of Indian philosophy, exploring the reasons why it has not made substantial inroads into western intellectual discourse.
King argues that western scholars will remain tied to a Eurocentric perspective as long as they continue to ignore the possibility of philosophical thought "East of the Suez." This, he argues, highlights the need for a post-colonial and global approach to philosophy.
Written in a clear and accessible style, the book can be used for courses in religion, theology, and philosophy.
AcknowledgmentsAbbreviationsIntroductions India and the History of PhilosophyDefining the Subject MatterHistories of Western PhilosophySecular Reason and the Dichotomy of Tradition vs ModernityIndian Materialism - A Counter-Example Can Philosophy be IndianIs there 'Philosophy' in Ancient India?Why consider 'Indian Philosophy'? The Varieties of Hindu PhilosophyThe Origins and Nature of Hindu PhilosophyBhartrhari and the Philosophy of Linguistic AnalysisThe Varieties of Hindu PhilosophyThe Prior Exegesis SchoolThe Later Exegesis or 'End of the Vedas' SchoolThe Particularist SchoolThe School of ReasoningThe School of EnumerationThe Classical Yoga School Buddhist Philosophy in IndiaBuddhism in IndiaThe Doctrinal Foundation of Buddhist PhilosophyThe Buddhist Philosophy of No-Abiding-SelfMainstream Buddhist PhilosophyMah y na Buddhism in India Ontology: What Really Exists?Vai esika: Classifying RealityReality as Process: The Abhidharma ResponseRejecting the Ontology: The Mah y na Philosophy of Emptiness Epistemology: How do we know what we know?The Foundations of KnowledgeInference and the Ny ya SchoolEmptiness and N g rjuna's Critique of Pram na Theory Perception: Do we see things as they are?The Nature of PerceptionPerception in Advaita Ved nta: Reconciling the Everyday World and MonismThe Image Theory of Perception Consciousness and the Body: What are we?The Dualism of the S mkhya Philosophy of varakrsnaThe Yoga System of Patanjali Creation and Causality: Where do we come from?Myth and HistoryAncient Indian CosmogoniesCreation and Causality in BuddhismGod and Causality in BuddhismGod and Causality in Ny ya-Vai esikaCausal Theory in S mkhya and YogaThe Early Ved nta of the Brahma S tra ankara and the Philosophy of Non-DualismCausal Theory in AdvaitaR m nuja and Non-Dualism of the Qualified Philosophy in a Post-Colonial WorldPostmodernism, Ethnocentricity and Western PhilosophyThe Politics of TranslationStuck Between a Rock and a Hard Place: Entering the Western Philosophical ArenaConclusion Bibliography of Cited Works index and Glossary of Important Sanskrit Terms