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Implicate Relations : Society and Space in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict - Juval Portugali

Implicate Relations

Society and Space in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

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Published: 31st December 1992
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The title of this book is suggested as a notion which characterizes the nature of social relations in general and the relationships between Israelis and Palestinians in particular. According to it, Israelis and Palestinians, as societies and as individuals, are not definable independently of each other. In a kind of implicate relation, one is enfolded within the other, to the extent that Palestinian national identity can be seen as a Zionist creation. Implicate relations further implies that societies are socio-spatial entities which come into being and acquire their collective self-consciousness and self-identity through a process of spatial dialects. As illustrated throughout the discussions in the book, spatial dialects was the process through which European Jews were driven into an identity crisis once their (spatial) ghetto walls disintegrated and they thus became conscious of their nationalist-political identity. And it is this process through which, several decades later, the Arabs in Israel were forced into an identity crisis and became conscious of their Palestinian national identity once the Zionists had defined the boundaries of their future Jewish state. It is also a process through which Israelis and Palestinians became engaged in implicate relations. This is illustrated in the book by reference to historical events which have led to the emergence of Israelis and Palestinians as a socio-spatial entities, and by means of empirical analyses of Palestinian labour in Israel, Jewish settlement in the occupied territories, and cognitive maps of Israelis and Palestinians. These empirical analyses are based on data collected in three large-scale field surveys among Palestinian workers and job hunters in Israel, and among Israeli settlers in the occupied territories.

Preface
Introductionp. 1
Hebron 1984p. 1
The Pilot Studyp. 2
The datap. 4
Urban employment fields for Palestinian labourp. 5
The Palestinians as guest workersp. 6
Hypotheses regarding current trendsp. 13
Process one: Arab workers in the spatio-class structure of Tel-Avivp. 13
Process two: Palestinian labour as an industrial reserve armyp. 16
Process three: core periphery in Israelp. 18
The Structure of the Bookp. 19
The Surveysp. 23
The Field Surveysp. 23
The survey of Jewish settlers in the West Bankp. 24
The survey of Palestinian workers in street labour marketsp. 25
The survey of Palestinian employees in places of workp. 25
The Literature Surveyp. 27
The themesp. 27
Theoretical-conceptual positionsp. 29
Palestinians, Israelis and "outsiders"p. 32
Nationalism, Social Theory and the Israeli-Palestinian Casep. 35
Nationalism as a Generative Social Orderp. 38
The implicate social orderp. 38
The generative social orderp. 39
The Space-Time Diffusion of Nationalism as a Generative Social Orderp. 41
Zionism and Palestinianismp. 42
Nationalism and Social Theoryp. 44
The Molochp. 48
For Poetic Geography and Implicate Relationsp. 49
Parallel Currentsp. 49
The suppression of poetic geographyp. 50
Scientific monotheism: reflections on George Steiner's "Art of Thought"p. 54
Implicate Social Relationsp. 55
David Bohm: the implicate, explicate and generativep. 56
Self-organizationp. 58
The common ground of implicate relations, poetic geography and self-organizationp. 61
Poetic change as social transmissionp. 63
Spatial diffusion as self-organizationp. 64
Diffusion and transmissionp. 64
The space-time diffusion of nationalism as a generative social orderp. 66
Nomad Labourp. 68
The Scientific Discussion on Arab Labour in Israelp. 69
The Industrial Reserve Armyp. 70
Nomad Versus Spatially-Fixed Labour and the Welfare Nation-Statep. 72
Palestinian Labour as Israel's Nomad Industrial Reserve Armyp. 75
Governmental employment bureaux in the occupied territoriesp. 78
Street labour markets in Israeli towns and citiesp. 80
Ra'isimp. 80
Private labour agenciesp. 83
Nomad Labour: Theory and Practice in the Israeli-Palestinian Casep. 91
Palestinian National Identity as a Zionist Creation: Q-Analysesp. 93
Palestinian National Identity as a Zionist Creationp. 93
Spatial dialecticsp. 94
Labourp. 96
Q-Analysis of Street Labour Marketsp. 97
Datap. 98
Q-analyses of the labour processp. 99
Q-Map representation of the Q-Analysisp. 103
The magnitude of contacts within the networksp. 104
The contribution of street labour marketsp. 110
Discussionp. 111
Jewish Settlement in the Occupied Territoriesp. 113
Theoretical and Historical Frameworkp. 114
Event 1 (Figure 7.1): the diasporap. 116
Event 2 (Figure 7.1): the British Mandatep. 116
Event 3 (Figure 7.1): the state of Israelp. 118
Event 4 (Figure 7.1): 1967p. 118
Jewish Settlement in the Occupied Territoriesp. 119
Spatial Interaction Patternsp. 127
Israel's Settlement Structurep. 135
The re-shaping of Israel's metropolitan fieldsp. 135
Core-peripheryp. 137
Israeli-Palestinian Relationsp. 138
Theoretical Extensionp. 140
Adjami: The Arab Neighborhood of Tel-Avivp. 142
The Evolution of a Spatially Segregated National Communityp. 143
Nationalism, Urban Segregation and the Metropolitan Processp. 144
Adjami and the Palestinian Nomad Workers of Tel-Avivp. 149
Local and National Politics in Adjamip. 151
From Adjami to Jaffa?p. 153
Invisible Cities: The Cognitive Maps of Israelis and Palestiniansp. 156
Which is the Nearest City?p. 159
Pattern Recognition and Cognitive Mapsp. 162
Society and Environmental Recognitionp. 165
Social Holomoviesp. 166
Generative social orderp. 167
Implicate order and multi-stabilityp. 169
The Cognitive Holomoviep. 170
Invisible Citiesp. 173
At the End of the Second Millenniump. 175
The Gulf Warp. 176
The Palestinians on the Roofsp. 176
The "Russian Alia"p. 178
Israel as a Bi-National Statep. 179
Mirror Images at the End of the Second Millenniump. 181
Memoryp. 184
Nationalism once againp. 185
Bibliographyp. 189
Subject Indexp. 199
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792318866
ISBN-10: 0792318862
Series: GEOJOURNAL LIBRARY
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 204
Published: 31st December 1992
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.88  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.48