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Immigration and Identity : Turmoil, Treatment, and Transformation : Turmoil, Treatment, and Transformation :  Turmoil, Treatment, and Transformation : Turmoil, Treatment, and Transformation - Salman Akhtar

Immigration and Identity : Turmoil, Treatment, and Transformation : Turmoil, Treatment, and Transformation

Turmoil, Treatment, and Transformation : Turmoil, Treatment, and Transformation

Hardcover Published: November 1999
ISBN: 9780765702326
Number Of Pages: 220

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Why do people migrate from one country to another? What is the difference between an immigrant and an exile? What determines the psychological outcome of immigration? Can one ever mourn the loss of one's country? What are the defensive functions of nostal

Immigration is at the cutting edge of the globalization of our world and is a subject that demands the nuanced understanding and evocative communication Akhtar brings to the task. For clinicians as well as social science researchers, his work is bound to become a classic! -- Afaf Mahfouz Ph.D., chair, International Psychoanalytic Association-United Nations Committee This wonderful book elucidates the intrapsychic and reality factors that prompt immigration and also the reactions to realities encountered by the immigrant. I highly recommend it for both mental health professionals and lay readers. -- Ruth F. Lax, Ph.D. Akhtar's book is of enormous relevance in today's era of migration, displacement, exile, and alienation. With his usual clarity and poetic style, Akhtar elucidates the factors that impinge on the identity and adaptation of immigrants and their acceptance in the new community. His book touches all of us who have been displaced from one culture to another, and are comfortable everywhere but rooted nowhere. -- Helen Meyers, M.D.

Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Immigration
Psychosocial Variables Associated with Immigrationp. 3
Factors Affecting the Outcome
Circumstances of and Reasons for Migration
Access to Refueling
Age at Migration
Pre-immigration Character
Nature of the Country Left
Magnitude of Cultural Differences
Reception by the Host Population
Experiences of Efficacy in the New Country
Birth of Children
Some Unaddressed Realms
The Role of Bodily Characteristics
The Impact of Gender
Marriage and Immigration
Legal Status
Homosexuality and Immigration
Dreams
The Changed Man-Animal Relationship
Summary
Identity
Development, Phenomenology, and Clinical Relevance of Identityp. 43
Historical Evolution of the Concept
Developmental Origins of Identity
The Seeds of Identity before Birth
Early Childhood
Later Childhood
Adolescence
The Father's Role
Elaborations of Identity during Adulthood
Phenomenological Aspects
Realistic Body Image
Subjective Self-Sameness
Consistent Attitudes and Behaviors
Temporal Continuity
Authenticity
Gender
Ethnicity and Conscience
Clinical Relevance
Summary
Four Tracks in Identity Transformation Following Immigrationp. 75
From Love or Hate to Ambivalence
From Near or Far to Optimal Distance
From Yesterday or Tomorrow to Today
From Yours or Mine to Ours
Some Caveats
Summary
Cross-Cultural Treatment
Psychoanalysis and Psychodynamic Psychotherapyp. 109
Technical Guidelines
Maintaining Cultural Neutrality and Avoiding Countertransference Pitfalls
Judiciously Accommodating the Therapeutic Framework to Cultural Differences
Adopting a Developmental Stance and Conducting Developmental Work
Unmasking and Interpreting the Cultural Rationalizations of Intrapsychic Conflicts and Transference Reactions
Validating Feelings of Dislocation and Facilitating Mourning
Interpreting Defensive Functions of Nostalgia as well as Defenses against the Emergence of Nostalgia
Accepting Seemingly Inoptimal Individuation and Involvement of Relatives in Treatment
Facing the Challenge Posed by the Patient's Polyglottism and Polylingualism
Summary
The Immigrant Community and the Immigrant Therapistp. 139
Child and Family Interventions
Psychoanalytically Informed Advice
Community Outreach
The Immigrant Therapist
Summary
Glossaryp. 167
Referencesp. 183
Creditsp. 209
Indexp. 211
About the Authorp. 221
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780765702326
ISBN-10: 0765702320
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 220
Published: November 1999
Publisher: JASON ARONSON INC
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.6 x 16.28  x 2.64
Weight (kg): 0.54