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Immanuel Kant's Moral Theory - Roger J. Sullivan

Immanuel Kant's Moral Theory

Paperback

Published: 26th June 1989
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This comprehensive, lucid, and systematic commentary on Kant's practical (or moral) philosophy is sure to become a standard reference work. Kant is arguably the most important moral philosopher of the modern period, yet, prior to this detailed study, there have been no attempts to treat all of his work in this area in a single volume. Using as nontechnical a language as possible, the author offers a detailed, authoritative account of Kant's moral philosophy, including his ethical theory, his philosophy of history, his political philosophy, his philosophy of religion, and his philosophy of education. He also demonstrates the historical, Kantian origins of such important notions as "autonomy," "respect for others," "rights," and "duties."

'Sullivan writes in the light of Kant's entire writings on action, reason and morality and includes accounts of the philosophy of religion, of history and of politics. He does so in a way that is clear and definite with a sequence and balance of topics that seems to me very good ... there is no other book in English that offers such a comprehensive, broadly accurate yet accessible treatment.' Onora O'Neill, University of Essex

Prefacep. xi
Key to abbreviations and translatorsp. xvii
Introductionp. 1
Immanuel Kant's lifep. 1
Kant's audiencesp. 3
Kant's respect for ordinary moral thinkingp. 4
Kant's debt to Pietismp. 6
Kant and the Enlightenmentp. 7
The context for Kant's moral philosophyp. 11
Kant's response to skepticismp. 12
A priori and a posteriori knowledge claimsp. 14
Can there be synthetic a priori judgments?p. 15
Ideas of reasonp. 17
Questions of methodologyp. 19
The nature of morality
The nature of human actionp. 23
The exercise of causal powerp. 24
Always goal directedp. 24
The presence of desiresp. 26
Practical rulesp. 28
The task aheadp. 29
Prudence: taking care of our own interestsp. 31
Desires, inclinations, and self-interestp. 31
Prudential reasoningp. 32
Technical imperativesp. 34
Prudential imperativesp. 35
The amorality of prudencep. 37
Past errorsp. 39
What can be learnedp. 41
Morality: living autonomouslyp. 44
Freedomp. 44
Autonomyp. 46
Moral rulesp. 47
The Categorical Imperativep. 49
Obligatory, forbidden, or permissiblep. 50
Narrow and wide dutiesp. 51
Moral judgmentp. 54
Erroneous moral judgmentsp. 57
The infallibility of consciencep. 60
Morally obligatory endsp. 63
Objective endsp. 64
Right actionsp. 66
A "good will"p. 68
Kinds of practical goodsp. 68
A system of obligatory endsp. 70
Conflicts between moral rulesp. 72
The defense of moralityp. 76
How is morality possible?p. 77
Why this is a problemp. 79
Kant's first argument: Part Ip. 81
Kant's first argument: Part IIp. 85
Kant's second argumentp. 88
Relating the two viewpointsp. 90
Metaphysical questionsp. 93
The primacy of moralityp. 95
A brief historyp. 96
The grounds for primacyp. 97
The limitations of theoretical reasoningp. 98
Superior cognitive powerp. 102
Superior conative powerp. 103
What primacy meansp. 104
Unity under a common principlep. 109
Another questp. 112
The moral norm for persons
Moral character: Part Ip. 117
Merely pathological desiresp. 118
Conflicts between reason and desirep. 119
Dutyp. 121
Virtuep. 122
Mixed motivationp. 122
The "radical evil" in human naturep. 124
The nature of moral characterp. 126
Kinds of moral characterp. 129
Moral character: Part IIp. 131
Moral interestp. 131
Moral sentimentsp. 132
Respect for the moral lawp. 133
The range of moral emotionsp. 135
The spirit of virtuep. 136
Moral fanaticismp. 137
Morally indifferent and permissible actionsp. 138
Holiness an obligatory endp. 139
The postulate of immortalityp. 141
The postulates of God and of gracep. 142
Metaphysical questionsp. 144
The norm for moral judgment
The Categorical Imperativep. 149
Ease of usep. 150
The problemp. 151
The principle of noncontradictionp. 151
The derivationp. 153
Problematic textsp. 157
Empirical contentp. 159
Problems with maximsp. 160
The necessary and sufficient normp. 163
Not a prudential normp. 163
The Formula of Autonomy or of Universal Law: Part Ip. 165
Self-constraintp. 165
Practical lawfulnessp. 166
Testing the maxim of a lying promisep. 167
Kant's doctrine concerning liesp. 170
Kant's infamous reply to Constantp. 173
Consistency with other maximsp. 178
The Formula of Autonomy or of Universal Law: Part IIp. 180
The principle of physicoteleologyp. 181
Kant's transformation of the traditionp. 182
Obligatory natural endsp. 184
Kant's examplesp. 186
Another examplep. 188
Problems with such endsp. 190
Culture and moralityp. 191
The Formula of Respect for the Dignity of Personsp. 193
Persons and thingsp. 195
Respect for personsp. 198
Self-respectp. 200
Our own happinessp. 202
Respect for othersp. 203
Problemsp. 209
The Formula of Legislation for a Moral Communityp. 212
A moral communityp. 214
The ethical community: a churchp. 216
The supreme good and the complete goodp. 218
Not a norm of moral judgmentp. 222
The postulates of God and immortalityp. 223
A problemp. 226
Kant on history, polities, and religion
Autonomy and the statep. 233
Problems confronting Kant's political theoryp. 234
Kant's philosophy of historyp. 235
The genesis of the statep. 239
Autonomy and political coercionp. 241
Crime and punishmentp. 243
No right to revolutionp. 244
Civil justice and republicanismp. 246
The Principle of Right (Recht)p. 247
Kinds of lawsp. 248
The Principle of Publicityp. 249
"Private morality"p. 250
Morality and politicsp. 251
The ideal state: a republicp. 252
Principles of a republican governmentp. 254
Perpetual peace and a league of nationsp. 256
Kant's moral and political theoriesp. 258
The value of the political lifep. 259
Kant's philosophy of religionp. 261
"The philosopher of Protestantism"p. 262
The churchp. 265
Original Sinp. 268
Grace and justificationp. 270
Conclusionp. 273
Appendixes
Kant's two-viewpoints doctrinep. 279
"Morally indifferent" freedomp. 279
Autonomous freedomp. 281
Heteronomous freedomp. 284
Kant's philosophy of moral educationp. 287
A Moral catechismp. 289
Developing moral judgmentp. 291
Practice in moral disciplinep. 292
Notesp. 295
Bibliographyp. 384
Index of namesp. 397
Index of subjectsp. 401
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521369084
ISBN-10: 0521369088
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 432
Published: 26th June 1989
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.88  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.57