The history of ICL is synonymous with the history of the British computer industry. The company was formed by a series of mergers in response to the increasing market dominance of the large American corporations, particularly IBM. The struggles between these two giants, and the inherent problems and implications for government-industry relations of competing with US multi-nationals are examined in detail in Martin Campbell-Kelly's wide-ranging study.
Tracing the technical history of the company and the evolution of its computers from the early punch-card machines of the 1880s to the present day, the book also considers the concerns of
technological change, the economics of research and development, and current product-strategy issues, making it essential reading for business students as well as computer professionals.
`... an absorbing book' The Independent
`... valuable for the student of management strategy' Computer Bulletin
`excellently written.... If nothing else this book enables the reader to obtain a perspective of what is often seen in Britain as a fight between ICL and IBM. A fascintating book for those that have lived through the years it covers.' Computer Books Review
`... well researched and thoroughly documented... It provides an authoritative and readable narrative of the evolution and history of ICL and will undoubtedly take its place as the standard reference work on the companyy for many years to come.' Computer Weekly
Hollerith and the origins, 1880-1907; The British Tabulating Machine Company, 1907-1919; Manufacturing at home, the 1920s; Heyday of the punched-card machine industry, the 1930s; An interlude: the second World War, 1939-1945; Pent-up demand, 1945-1949; Electronic machines, 1950-1954; Computers and the merger, 1955-1958; The decline of the tabulator, 1959-1961; Negotiations and mergers, 1961-1963; The response to the IBM system/360, 1964-1965; Government
relations and the formation of ICL, 1964-1968; ICL and the new range, 1968-1972; Government launching aid for the new range, 1973-1975; Rapid growth in a changing market, 1975-1979; Convergence, the 1980s;
Summing up: ICL and the evolving information business; Notes; Appendix 1 The IBM-TMC agreements; Appendix 2 List of directors; Index
Number Of Pages: 422
Published: 15th March 1990
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.2 x 16.3
Weight (kg): 0.88