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Hypercrime : The New Geometry of Harm - Michael McGuire

Hypercrime

The New Geometry of Harm

Paperback

Published: 6th December 2007
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Hypercrime develops a new theoretical approach toward current reformulations in criminal behaviours, in particular the phenomenon of cybercrime. Emphasizing a spatialized conception of deviance, one that clarifies the continuities between crime in the traditional, physical context and developing spaces of interaction such as a 'cyberspace', this book analyzes criminal behaviours in terms of the destructions, degradations or incursions to a hierarchy of regions that define our social world.

Each chapter outlines violations to the boundaries of each of these spaces - from those defined by our bodies or our property, to the more subtle borders of the local and global spaces we inhabit. By treating cybercrime as but one instance of various possible criminal virtualities, the book develops a general theoretical framework, as equally applicable to the, as yet unrealized, technologies of criminal behaviour of the next century, as it is to those which relate to contemporary computer networks. Cybercrime is thereby conceptualized as one of a variety of geometries of harm, merely the latest of many that have extended opportunities for illicit gain in the physical world.

Hypercrime offers a radical critique of the narrow conceptions of cybercrime offered by current justice systems and challenges the governing presumptions about the nature of the threat posed by it.

Runner-up for the British Society of Criminology Book Prize (2008).

'This is an excellent book... written in a very lively and engaging manner that immediately grabs the reader's attention from the outset. ...[Hypercrime] provides a rich addition to the social control literature that will shape the contours of our understanding of control for decades to come.' - Dr Laura Piacentini, University of Strathclyde, UK

'...McGuire's book is an excellently written excursion into a much discussed topic but from an innovative perspective. It is both original and scholarly and makes a very important contribution to debates on cybercrime, and to the emerging field of social harm. The book's focus on harm raises fundamental questions about understandings of crime and the effectiveness of crime control in contemporary society.' - Christina Pantazis, British Journal of Criminology, vol. 48 no. 6 (November 2008)

Acknowledgementsp. x
Introductionp. 1
Crime, 'cybercrime' and hypercrimep. 1
Harm in hyperspacep. 8
Methods and approachesp. 9
Outlinep. 12
Crime and spacep. 14
Space, time and crimep. 15
The consensual hallucinations of a 'cyberspace'p. 21
Conceptions of spacep. 23
From space to hyperspacep. 24
Three outcomesp. 28
Psychologies of hyperspatialisation: exhilaration, paranoia and schizophreniap. 31
Crime and spacep. 34
Crime and harmp. 35
Distance, incursion and harmp. 38
Spatial orderings of harmp. 39
Qualificationsp. 41
The making of hypercrimep. 44
The origins of the hyperspatialp. 45
Language and the hypercriminal - deception and rumourp. 47
Extending the compressive power of languagep. 49
Writing and crimep. 49
The representation of value: spatial complexification and monetary systemsp. 53
Transport networks and speedp. 55
Communication technology and hyperspatialisation - post and telegraphyp. 57
Early telecommunication systems and crimep. 59
The Victorian internetp. 60
Deviance and control on the Victorian internetp. 61
Representation, code and control in telegraphyp. 63
Connecting space further - the telephonep. 66
Early telephone crimep. 67
Telephone crime: two issues of controlp. 69
The advent of computingp. 73
Hyperlinks, hypertext and the populating of hyperspacep. 74
Making hyperspace invisiblep. 76
Hypercrime and computersp. 77
Proximity 0: Body spacep. 79
The hyperspatialisation of bodily harm: bodies and distributed bodiesp. 80
The hyperspatialisation of bodily destruction - some trends and examplesp. 85
Killing me softlyp. 88
Killing symbiosesp. 91
Collective killing in hyperspacep. 94
The deadly power of representationp. 95
Voluntary deathp. 97
Hyperspatialisation and its accidents: indirect killing effectsp. 100
Hyperspatial death - folk devils and guilty partiesp. 103
Damaging incursion - violence towards the bodyp. 103
Sexual abuse in hyperspacep. 103
'Happy slapping'p. 108
Psychological violence in hyperspacep. 109
Harassment, stalking and bullyingp. 109
Hate crimep. 112
Voyeurism: indirect experiences of killing and violencep. 114
Legitimate and illegitimate voyeurismsp. 117
Violence as leisure in hyperspacep. 120
Beyond psychological harm: capacity reduction and the distributed bodyp. 122
Harming the cyborg's bodyp. 124
Proximity 1: Property spacep. 127
Hyperspace and illicit acquisitionp. 128
Value and the marketp. 129
Hyperspatialised economies and globalisationp. 132
Hyperspatialised money and liquid targetsp. 133
Further targets - services and social valuesp. 135
Information as a target for theftp. 137
Hyperspatialised theft - how to access a property spacep. 139
Open doors in hyperspacep. 142
Force as a strategy for hyperspatialised theftp. 142
Extortion: extensions to forcep. 143
Blackmail and threatsp. 144
Deception as a strategy for theft in hyperspacep. 144
Online fraudp. 146
Key duplicationp. 147
Identification as a keyp. 148
Identification and identityp. 149
Methods of identification fraudp. 150
Creating and altering identificationp. 150
Stealing identification keys (I) - scavengingp. 152
Stealing identification keys (II) - manipulating guardiansp. 152
Stealing identification keys (III) - utilising technologyp. 153
The 'theft' of identity: critical reflections (I) - problems with datap. 155
The 'theft' of identity: critical reflections (II) - the identity economyp. 157
The identity economy: who guards the guardians?p. 159
Identity theft - the making of a modern mythologyp. 161
Intellectual property: target and accessp. 163
File warsp. 164
The aftermath: darknets and the new digital underground?p. 165
Proximity 2: Local spacep. 167
Local environmentsp. 168
Local spaces: their features and their valuep. 171
The hyperspatialisation of localityp. 174
Local and glocalp. 179
Violating local spacesp. 180
Harms to our homes - technology and family lifep. 182
Harms to our homes - the invasion of domestic spacep. 185
Sustenance gathering harms - work and shoppingp. 187
Destructions and degradations of workp. 189
The hyperspatialisation of workplace controlp. 191
Abuse by staffp. 193
Shopping and harmsp. 194
Degradations to local trading relationsp. 195
Incursive harms in trading - loyalty and respectp. 196
Consumption and environmental harmsp. 201
Information pollution: vandalism and litteringp. 202
The commodification of communityp. 203
Proximity 3: Global spacep. 205
Global spaces - some conceptionsp. 206
Traditional global actors: harm and culpabilityp. 209
Hyperspatialising global spaces and their actorsp. 212
Anarchy in IT: hacking, identity groups and the webp. 216
Arming for struggle in hyperspace (I): communicative powerp. 217
Arming for struggle in hyperspace (II): representational powerp. 221
The hyperspatialisation of global harmsp. 222
Spatial control: war and cyberterror - destructive incursion at the global levelp. 224
War (II): destructive incursion by network - 'cyberwar'?p. 226
Netwar and protestp. 228
Wars between identitiesp. 230
Business and governance - old symbiosis or new spatial tensions?p. 231
Public v private hyperspacesp. 234
Hyperspace and the representation of presence: visibility and invisibilityp. 236
The transformation of global harmp. 239
Shaping space: The regulatory ecologies of hyperspacep. 241
Codes, rules and representationsp. 243
Regulatory geometries and rule-based ecologiesp. 245
Regulation in space and hyperspace: computers and exceptionlessness rulesp. 249
Regulatory ecology and rule diagrammaticsp. 251
Borders, psychological boundaries and nomadic spacep. 254
Transjurisdictionality and borders in agencyp. 256
Temporal boundaries and jurisdictionp. 258
Formal and visible (I): regulation of movement and the legislative landscapep. 260
Formal and visible (II): networked policing, uberpresent securityp. 265
Formal invisible control (I): filtrationp. 271
Formal invisible control (II): footprints, hunting and tracesp. 274
Invisible informal - regulation by formatp. 276
Visible/invisible informal shaping - statutory control and self-regulationp. 278
Limited self-regulationp. 278
Purity police - the IWF and unaccountable regulatory practicep. 281
Online community regulation - public executions and wizard dictatorsp. 284
End space: Afterwordp. 289
Allatonceness - living in the hyperspatialp. 291
Boundaries: crime and hypercrime, control and hypercontrolp. 292
Whither cybercrime? Wherefore hypercrime?p. 294
Notesp. 299
Bibliographyp. 301
Indexp. 367
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781904385530
ISBN-10: 1904385532
Series: UCL S.
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 400
Published: 6th December 2007
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.88  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.62
Edition Number: 1