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Hyman's Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy - Libbie Henrietta Hyman

Hyman's Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

Paperback

Published: 1st January 1949
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The purpose of this book, now in its third edition, is to introduce the morphology of vertebrates in a context that emphasizes a comparison of structire and of the function of structural units. The comparative method involves the analysis of the history of structure in both developmental and evolutionary frameworks. The nature of adaptation is the key to this analysis. Adaptation of a species to its environment, as revealed by its structure, function, and reproductive success, is the product of mutation and natural selection–the process of evolution. The evolution of structure and function, then, is the theme of this book which presents, system by system, the evolution of structure and function of vertebrates. Each chapter presents the major evolutionary trends of an organ system, with instructions for laboratory exploration of these trends included so the student can integrate concept with example.

Preface to the Third Edition
General Considerations of Animal Formp. 1
Major Considerations in Morphologyp. 1
The Phylum Chordata: Classification, External Anatomy, and Adaptive Radiationp. 7
Classificationp. 7
Adaptive Radiationp. 8
What Is a Chordate?p. 9
Characteristics of the Vertebratesp. 10
The Vertebrate Groupsp. 11
Patterns in Vertebrate Evolutionp. 52
Essential Features of Lower Typesp. 57
Phylum Hemichordata: A Prechordate Groupp. 57
The Lower Chordates, Subphylum Urochordatap. 63
The Lower Chordates, Subphylum Cephalochordatap. 68
Class Cyclostomatap. 76
General Features of Chordate Developmentp. 87
The Eggp. 87
Cleavage and Blastulationp. 87
Gastrulationp. 91
Formation of Mesodermp. 94
Formation of the Neural Tube and Notochordp. 95
Cells and Tissue Interactionsp. 98
Differentiation and Derivationp. 99
Sources of Energy during Developmentp. 103
The Comparative Anatomy of the Integumental Skeletonp. 112
The Underlying Homologyp. 112
Some Developmental Considerationsp. 119
The Variation in End Productsp. 129
The Integumental-Environmental Interfacep. 129
The Keratinized Integumental Skeletonp. 144
The Ossified Integumental Skeletonp. 163
Integumental Colorp. 177
The Endoskeleton: The Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebral Column and Ribsp. 192
General Considerations on the Endoskeletonp. 192
Anatomy and Embryonic Origin of Vertebrae and Ribsp. 195
Vertebral Columns of Some Archaic Fishesp. 202
Vertebral Column of the Dogfishp. 205
Vertebral Column of Teleostsp. 207
Endoskeletal Fin Supports of Fishesp. 209
Vertebral Column of Amphibiap. 210
Vertebral Column of Reptiles and Amniotes in Generalp. 218
Vertebral Column of Birdsp. 226
Vertebral Column of Mammalsp. 228
The Endoskeleton: The Comparative Anatomy of the Girdles, the Sternum, and the Paired Appendagesp. 238
General Considerationsp. 238
The Pelvic Girdle and the Posterior Appendagesp. 244
The Pectoral Girdle, the Sternum, and the Anterior Paired Appendagesp. 251
Some Variation of the Appendicular Skeleton in Tetrapodsp. 260
The Endoskeleton: The Comparative Anatomy of the Skull and the Visceral Skeletonp. 265
Introduction: The Concept of the Skullp. 265
The Chondrocraniump. 265
The Splachnocraniump. 270
The Dermatocraniump. 274
The Composition of the Complete Skull: Characterization of the Primitive Tetrapod Skullp. 276
The Teethp. 283
The Modern Amphibian Skull Exemplified by Necturusp. 286
The Reptilian Skull Exemplified by the Alligator or Caimanp. 293
The Mammalian Skull Exemplified by the Opossum and the Catp. 301
The Comparative Anatomy of the Muscular Systemp. 327
Generalized Vertebrate Musculature as Exemplified by the Dogfishp. 341
Early Tetrapod Musculature, Exemplified by Necturusp. 345
Reptilian Musculaturep. 352
Avian Musculaturep. 352
Mammalian Musculaturep. 353
The Comparative Anatomy of the Coelom and of the Digestive and Respiratory Systemsp. 378
The Coelom and Mesenteriesp. 379
The Digestive Tract and Associated Structuresp. 382
Respiratory Structuresp. 399
The Alimentary Canalp. 409
The Coelom and the Digestive and Respiratory Systems of Elasmobranchsp. 414
The Respiratory and Digestive Systems of a Bony Fishp. 418
The Coelom and the Digestive and Respiratory Systems of Necturusp. 419
The Coelom and the Digestive and Respiratory Systems of the Turtlep. 422
The Coelom and the Digestive and Respiratory Systems of the Pigeonp. 426
The Coelom and the Digestive and Respiratory Systems of Mammalsp. 432
The Comparative Anatomy of the Circulatory Systemp. 448
Parts of the Circulatory Systemp. 448
Development of the Vascular Systemp. 453
Structure and Evolution of the Vascular Systemp. 463
Functional Anatomy and Evolution of the Heartp. 477
Special Adaptations of the Vascular Systemp. 500
The Circulatory System of Elasmobranchsp. 503
The Circulatory System of Necturusp. 515
The Circulatory System of the Turtlep. 519
The Circulatory System of the Pigeonp. 528
The Circulatory System of Mammalsp. 534
The Comparative Anatomy of the Urogenital Systemp. 555
The Urogenital System of Selachiansp. 590
The Urogenital System of Necturusp. 595
The Urogenital System of the Turtlep. 598
The Urogenital System of the Pigeonp. 602
The Urogenital System of Mammalsp. 603
The Comparative Anatomy of the Nervous System and the Sense Organsp. 615
General Considerationsp. 615
The Nervous System and Sense Organs of Elasmobranchsp. 696
The Nervous System and Sense Organs of the Perch (Perca)p. 715
The Nervous System and Sense Organs of Necturusp. 719
The Nervous System and Sense Organs of the Painted Turtle (Chrysemys)p. 723
The Nervous System and Sense Organs of the Pigeonp. 730
The Nervous System and Sense Organs of Mammalsp. 737
List of Contributorsp. 771
Indexp. 773
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780226870137
ISBN-10: 0226870138
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 800
Published: 1st January 1949
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.3 x 17.4  x 4.45
Weight (kg): 1.32
Edition Number: 3