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Hunters and Gatherers in the Modern World : Conflict, Resistance, and Self-Determination - Megan Biesele

Hunters and Gatherers in the Modern World

Conflict, Resistance, and Self-Determination

By: Megan Biesele (Editor), Robert K. Hitchcock (Editor), Peter P. Schweitzer (Editor)

Paperback Published: 1st October 2002
ISBN: 9781571811028
Number Of Pages: 512

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In an age of heightened awareness of the threat that western industrialized societies pose to the environment, hunters and gatherers attract particularly strong interest because they occupy the ecological niches that are constantly eroded. Despite the denial of sovereignty, the world's more than 350 million indigenous peoples continue to assert aboriginal title to significant portions of the world's remaining bio-diversity. As a result, conflicts between tribal peoples and nation states are on the increase. Today, many of the societies that gave the field of anthropology its empirical foundations and unique global vision of a diverse and evolving humanity are being destroyed as a result of national economic, political, and military policies.

Although quite a sizable body of literature exists on the living conditions of the hunters and gatherers, this volume is unique in that it represents the first extensive east-west scholarly exchange in anthropology since the demise of the USSR. Moreover, it also offers new perspectives from indigenous communities and scholars in an exchange that be termed "south-north" as opposed to " north-north," denoting the predominance of northern Europe and North America in scholarly debate.

The main focus of this volume is on the internal dynamics and political strategies of hunting and gathering societies in areas of self-determination and self-representation. More specifically, it examines areas such as warfare and conflict resolution, resistance, identity and the state, demography and ecology, gender and representation, and world view and religion. It raises a large number of major issues of common concerns and therefore makes important reading for all those interested in human rights issues, ethnic conflict, grassroots development and community organization, and environmental topics.

Industry Reviews

..". the fact that a third of the articles are devoted to peoples in Siberia, rarely encountered in the general anthropological literature, makes this volume particularly attractive." - Anthropologie et Societes

"This volume is rich in ethnographic detail and nicely illustrates the theoretical and topical diversity the field of hunter-gatherer studies has to offer." - Anthropos

"This volume is important not only because of the questions it raises as far as hunter-gatherer studies is concerned but also because it goes some way toward extricating the study of foraging and former foraging societies from the somewhat esoteric theoretical preoccupations that have dominated hunter-gatherer studies in the past." - American Anthropologist

List of Illustrations
Introductionp. 1
Silence and Other Misunderstandings: Russian Anthropology, Western Hunter-Gatherer Debates, and Siberian Peoplesp. 29
Warfare and Conflict Resolution
Visions of Conflict, Conflicts of Vision among Contemporary Dene Thap. 55
Warfare among the Hunters and Fishermen of Western Siberiap. 77
Homicide and Aggression among the Agta of Eastern Luzon, the Philippines, 1910-1985p. 94
Conflict Management in a Modern Inuit Communityp. 110
Wars and Chiefs among the Samoyeds and Ugrians of Western Siberiap. 125
Ritual Violence among the Peoples of Northeastern Siberiap. 150
Patterns of War and Peace among Complex Hunter-Gatherers: The Case of the Northwest Coast of North America
Resistance, Identity, and the State
The Concept of an International Ethnoecological Refugep. 183
Aboriginal Responses to Mining in Australia: Economic Aspirations, Cultural Revival, and the Politics of Indigenous Protestp. 192
Political Movement, Legal Reformation, and Transformation of Ainu Identityp. 206
Tracking the "Wild Tungus" in Taimyr: Identity, Ecology, and Mobile Economies in Arctic Siberiap. 223
Marginality with a Difference, or How the Huaorani Preserve Their Sharing Relations and Naturalize Outside Powersp. 244
Ecology, Demography, and Market Issues
"Interest in the Present" in the Nationwide Monetary Economy: The Case of Mbuti Hunters in Zairep. 263
Dynamics of Adaptation to Market Economy among the Ayoreode of Northwest Paraguayp. 275
Can Hunter-Gatherers Live in Tropical Rain Forests? The Pleistocene Island Melanesian Evidencep. 287
The Ju/'hoansi San under Two States: Impacts of the South West African Administration and the Government of the Republic of Namibiap. 305
Russia's Northern Indigenous Peoples: Are They Dying Out?p. 327
Gender and Representation
Gender Role Transformation among Australian Aboriginesp. 343
Names That Escape the State: Hai//om Naming Practices versus Domination and Isolationp. 361
Central African Government's and International NGOs' Perceptions of Baka Pygmy Developmentp. 380
The Role of Women in Mansi Societyp. 391
Peacemaking Ideology in a Headhunting Society: Hudhud, Women's Epic of the Ifugaop. 399
World-View and Religious Determination
Painting as Politics: Exposing Historical Processes in Hunter-Gatherer Rock Artp. 413
Gifts from the Immortal Ancestors: Consmology and Ideology of Jahai Sharingp. 427
Time in the Traditional World-View of the Kets: Materials on the Bear Cultp. 455
Lexicon as a Source for Understanding Sel'kup Knowledge of Religionp. 460
Notes on Contributorsp. 475
A Note on the Spelling of Siberian Ethnonymsp. 485
Indexp. 487
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781571811028
ISBN-10: 1571811028
Series: Berghahn Ser.
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 512
Published: 1st October 2002
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 21.59 x 13.97  x 2.62
Weight (kg): 0.59