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Hunter-Gatherer Childhoods : Evolutionary, Developmental, and Cultural Perspectives - Michael E. Lamb

Hunter-Gatherer Childhoods

Evolutionary, Developmental, and Cultural Perspectives

Paperback Published: 30th August 2005
ISBN: 9780202307497
Number Of Pages: 484

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In the vast anthropological literature devoted to hunter-gatherer societies, surprisingly little attention has been paid to the place of hunter-gatherer children. Children often represent 40 percent of hunter-gatherer populations, thus nearly half the population is omitted from most hunter-gatherer ethnographies and research. This volume is designed to bridge the gap in our understanding of the daily lives, knowledge, and development of hunter-gatherer children.

The twenty-six contributors to Hunter-Gatherer Childhoods use three general but complementary theoretical approaches--evolutionary, developmental, cultural--in their presentations of new and insightful ethnographic data. For instance, the authors employ these theoretical orientations to provide the first systematic studies of hunter-gatherer children's hunting, play, infant care by children, weaning and expressions of grief. The chapters focus on understanding the daily life experiences of children, and their views and feelings about their lives and cultural change. Chapters address some of the following questions: why does childhood exist, who cares for hunter-gatherer children, what are the characteristic features of hunter-gatherer children's development and what are the impacts of culture change on hunter-gatherer child care? The book is divided into five parts. The first section provides historical, theoretical and conceptual framework for the volume; the second section examines data to test competing hypotheses regarding why childhood is particularly long in humans; the third section expands on the second section by looking at who cares for hunter-gatherer children; the fourth section explores several developmental issues such as weaning, play and loss of loved ones; and, the final section examines the impact of sedentism and schools on hunter-gatherer children.

This pioneering volume will help to stimulate further research and scholarship on hunter-gatherer childhoods, thereby advancing our understanding of the way of life that characterized most of human history and of the processes that may have shaped both human development and human evolution.

Barry S. Hewlett is professor of anthropology at Washington State University, Vancouver. Michael E. Lamb is professor of psychology in the social sciences, Cambridge University.

"a rare and welcomed read which enables a wide window into this research current as a whole."

-Esben Leifsen, Reviews in Anthropology

."....The highly polished result contains much of interest to anyone interested in hunter-gatherer lifeways, the anthropology of children, and the evolution of human life history." ---Journal of Anthropological Research


."....The highly polished result contains much of interest to anyone interested in hunter-gatherer lifeways, the anthropology of children, and the evolution of human life history." ---Journal of Anthropological Research


"a rare and welcomed read which enables a wide window into this research current as a whole."

-Esben Leifsen, Reviews in Anthropology

."....The highly polished result contains much of interest to anyone interested in hunter-gatherer lifeways, the anthropology of children, and the evolution of human life history." ---Journal of Anthropological Research


"A rare and welcomed read which enables a wide window into this research current as a whole."--Esben Leifsen, Reviews in Anthropology


"The highly polished result contains much of interest to anyone interested in hunter-gatherer lifeways, the anthropology of children, and the evolution of human life history."--Journal of Anthropological Research


"A rare and welcomed read which enables a wide window into this research current as a whole."--Esben Leifsen, Reviews in Anthropology


"The highly polished result contains much of interest to anyone interested in hunter-gatherer lifeways, the anthropology of children, and the evolution of human life history."--Journal of Anthropological Research


-A rare and welcomed read which enables a wide window into this research current as a whole.---Esben Leifsen, Reviews in Anthropology


-The highly polished result contains much of interest to anyone interested in hunter-gatherer lifeways, the anthropology of children, and the evolution of human life history.---Journal of Anthropological Research

Theoretical and conceptual issues
Emerging issues in the study of hunter-gatherer childrenp. 3
Hunter-gatherer infancy and childhood : the !Kung and othersp. 19
Comes the child before man : how cooperative breeding and prolonged postweaning dependence shaped human potentialp. 65
Studying children in "hunter-gatherer" societies : reflections from a Nayaka perspectivep. 92
Why does childhood exist?
Introductionp. 105
What makes a competent adult forager?p. 109
Martu children's hunting strategies in the Western Desert, Australiap. 129
Growing up Mikea : children's time allocation and tuber foraging in southwestern Madagascarp. 147
Who cares for hunter-gatherer children?
Introductionp. 175
Who tends Hadza children?p. 177
Child caretakers among Efe foragers of the Ituri Forestp. 191
Older Hadza men and women as helpers : residence datap. 214
Juvenile responses to household ecology among the Yora of Peruvian Amazoniap. 237
The growth and kinship resources of Ju/'hoansi childrenp. 262
Social, emotional, cognitive, and motor development
Introductionp. 285
Mother-infant interactions among the !Xun : analysis of gymnastic and breastfeeding behaviorsp. 289
Weanling emotional patterns among the Bofi foragers of Central Africa : the role of maternal availability and sensitivityp. 309
Vulnerable lives : the experience of death and loss among the Aka and Ngandu adolescents of the Central African Republicp. 322
Play among Baka children in Cameroonp. 343
Culture change and future research
Introductionp. 363
Infant care among the sedentarized Baka hunter-gatherers in southeastern Cameroonp. 365
Deforesting among Andamanese children : political economy and history of schoolingp. 385
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780202307497
ISBN-10: 0202307492
Series: Evolutionary Foundations Of Human Behavior
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 484
Published: 30th August 2005
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.64