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Human Motives and Cultural Models : Clinics in Developmental Medicine - Roy G. D'Andrade

Human Motives and Cultural Models

Clinics in Developmental Medicine

By: Roy G. D'Andrade (Editor), Claudia Strauss (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 26th June 1992
ISBN: 9780521412339
Number Of Pages: 256

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A full understanding of human action requires an understanding of what motivates people to do what they do. For too many years studies of motivation and of culture have drawn from different theoretical paradigms. Typically, human motivation has been modelled on animal behaviour, while culture has been described as pure knowledge or symbol. The result has been insufficient appreciation of the role of culture in human motivation and a truncated view of culture as disembodied knowledge. In this volume, anthropologists have attempted a different approach, seeking to integrate knowledge, desire, and action in a single explanatory framework. This research builds upon recent work in cognitive anthropology on cultural models, that is, shared cognitive schemas through which human realities are constructed and interpreted, while also drawing upon insights from developmental psychology, psychoanalytic theory, and social theory. Most of the research described here was conducted in the United States and deals with some of the pressing concerns - romance, marriage, parenthood, and success - of women and men from different class and ethnic backgrounds. A study of gender roles in Mexico provides comparative cross-cultural data. Several of the chapters deal with oppressive social ideologies, exploring cultural models of gender and class. The careful, in-depth case studies and innovative methods of discourse analysis used here turn up findings about the relation of ideology to people's thought and action that challenge any kind of simple social determinism.

'This useful, at times exciting, collection revives the integrationist vision of culture of Weber, Benedict and geertz ...' David Lipset, Current Anthropology ' ... a major contribution to psychological anthropology ... sure to be a significant reference point for anthropological theory for some time to come.' American Anthropologist

List of illustrationsp. ix
Prefacep. xi
List of contributorsp. xiii
Models and motivesp. 1
Cultural models as motivesp. 21
Schemas and motivationp. 23
Ghost busters in anthropologyp. 45
How do cultural models become motives?p. 59
How cultural systems become desire: a case study of American romancep. 61
The motivational force of self-understanding: evidence from wives' inner conflictsp. 90
The directive force of morality tales in a Mexican communityp. 127
Learning to be an American parent: how cultural models gain directive forcep. 163
Cultural models as motives reconsideredp. 179
Motivated modelsp. 181
What makes Tony run? Schemas as motives reconsideredp. 191
Afterwordp. 225
Indexp. 233
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521412339
ISBN-10: 0521412331
Series: Clinics in Developmental Medicine
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 256
Published: 26th June 1992
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.54