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How Universities Can Promote Economic Growth : Directions in Development - Shahid Yusuf

How Universities Can Promote Economic Growth

Directions in Development

By: Shahid Yusuf (Editor), Kaoru Nabeshima (Editor)

Paperback

Published: December 2006
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With the competitiveness of firms in an open and integrated world environment increasingly reliant on technological capability, universities are being asked to take on a growing role in stimulating economic growth. Beyond imparting education, they are now viewed as sources of industrially valuable technical skills, innovations, and entrepreneurship. Developed and developing countries alike have made it a priority to realize this potential of universities to spur growth, a strategy that calls for coordinated policy actions. The distinguished contributors to How Universities Promote Economic Growth examine the wealth of international experience on efforts to multiply links between universities and businesses. They offer valuable and succinct guidance on some of the most effective policy measures deployed by national and regional governments, firms and universities to enhance the contribution that tertiary institutions can make to economic change.

Forewordp. xiii
Prefacep. xv
List of Contributorsp. xvii
Acronyms and Abbreviationsp. xxi
University-Industry Links: Policy Dimensionsp. 1
Innovation Matters Morep. 4
Making Policies for University-Industry Linksp. 7
National Policiesp. 9
Subnational Policiesp. 12
Corporate Policiesp. 15
Policies of Universitiesp. 17
Conclusionp. 21
UIL-Related Policies of National Governmentsp. 27
Notes on UIL-Related Policies of National Governmentsp. 29
What Can We Learn from European National Policies with Respect to Research, Innovation, and UILs?p. 30
A Small, Highly Developed, Postindustrial Economy: The Dutch Casep. 39
University-Industry Knowledge Transfer in Switzerlandp. 47
Three Levels of Policy Objectivesp. 49
National Case: Switzerlandp. 55
Conclusionp. 66
University-Industry Links and U.K. Science and Innovation Policyp. 71
The Diverse Nature of University-Industry Relationshipsp. 72
University-Industry Links: A U.S.-U.K. Comparisonp. 74
U.K. Set Policy and University-Industry Links: A System Overviewp. 80
Science and Innovation Investment Framework for 2004 to 2014p. 83
Conclusionsp. 88
Universities and Public Research Institutions as Drivers of Economic Development in Asiap. 91
The Latecomer Development Modelp. 93
The Role of Universities and PRIs in Industrial Development in East Asia, 1950-2000p. 94
The Role of PRIsp. 97
From Imitation to Innovationp. 100
The Emerging Role of Universities and PRIs in East Asiap. 104
Generalizability of the East Asian Experiencep. 107
UIL-Related Policies of National Governments: A Synthetic Viewp. 111
Starting from the Microanalytical View: UILs in a Local but Complex Dynamicp. 111
Starting from the Macrosystemic View: UILs as a Paradoxical Component of the National Innovation Systemp. 112
UILs as a Driver of National Innovation Systems: The Importance of UIL Policyp. 113
Observations and Questionsp. 114
UIL-Related Policies of Subnational Governmentsp. 117
The Role of Higher Education and New Forms of Governance in Economic Development: The Ontario Casep. 119
Policy Frameworks for the New Paradigm: Policy Delivery through New Forms of Governancep. 121
Best Practice: Learning Regions, Innovating Economiesp. 125
Innovative Approaches to Economic Development in Ontariop. 126
Lessons for Policy: Principles, Institutions, Practicesp. 134
University-Industry Links in the Japanese Context: Between Policies and Practicep. 139
A Brief History of the Japanese Technology Policyp. 140
Some Facts from the History of Tohoku Universityp. 143
Government-Led UILsp. 145
Conclusionp. 147
University-Industry Links: Regional Policies and Initiatives in the United Kingdomp. 151
Regional Development Agenciesp. 152
Initiatives to Support Collaborative Innovationp. 152
Incubation Centers and Enterprise Hubsp. 153
Long-Term Research Partnershipsp. 154
Innovation and Regional Fellowships to Facilitate Academic-Led Commercializationp. 154
Boundary-Spanning Schemesp. 155
Regional Funds for the Development of Spinoffsp. 155
Graduate and Researcher Education and Mobilityp. 156
Education and Network Schemesp. 156
Effects of University-Industry Initiativesp. 157
Conclusions and Issuesp. 159
University-Industry Research Collaboration and Technology Transfer in the United States since 1980p. 163
Historical Overviewp. 164
Industry Criticism of U.S. University Licensing Policies and Practicesp. 176
Conclusionp. 178
UIL-Related Policies of Universitiesp. 183
Building Research Universities for Knowledge Transfer: The Case of Chinap. 185
National and Local Initiatives to Promote University-Based Innovation in Chinap. 187
Building World-Class Universities and Industrial Links at Fudan and SJTUp. 191
Conclusionp. 194
Approaches to University-Industry Links: The Case of the National University of Singaporep. 199
Overview of Singapore's Transition toward a Knowledge Economyp. 200
Effect of NUS's Shift toward the Entrepreneurial University Modelp. 204
Conclusionp. 207
University-Industry Links and Enterprise Creation in India: Some Strategic and Policy Issuesp. 209
Spinoffs from Educational Institutions in Two Indian Citiesp. 210
R&D, Patenting, and Enterprise Creation: Two Profilesp. 212
Enterprise Creation at IITs: Two Modelsp. 214
The Incubation Experiment at the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabadp. 221
Some Concluding Remarksp. 223
The Entrepreneurial University: The Idea and Its Criticsp. 227
A New Area of Researchp. 228
U.S. Experiencep. 230
Dissenting Voices from the Corporate Sectorp. 232
Use of Disruptive Knowledge by Incumbent and New Entrant Companiesp. 233
University Policy Responses in India, Singapore, and Chinap. 234
Conclusionp. 236
Corporate Strategies of Multinational Corporations and Small and Medium Enterprisesp. 239
Beyond Absorptive Capacity: The Management of Technology for a Proactive Corporate Strategy toward University-Industry Linksp. 241
Modeling Proactive Absorption Mechanism: University-Industry Link Morphologyp. 242
Technological Platform for Gatekeeping of New Sciences: TOTO Ltd.p. 246
Organizational Design for Inserting Intermediary Function: Takeda Chemical Industriesp. 249
Conclusion: Proactiveness, Reciprocity, and Organizational Designp. 251
Corporate Strategies in University-Industry Links in Francep. 255
Knowledge Transmissionp. 258
Knowledge Productionp. 259
Knowledge Sharingp. 261
The New Programmatic Law for Researchp. 263
Specific Approaches to University-Industry Links of Selected Companies in Thailand and Their Relative Effectivenessp. 265
Six Case Studies of UILs in Thailand (plus IDEMA)p. 266
Lessons Learned and Best Practicesp. 271
Indicators of Effectiveness of UILsp. 272
Indexp. 275
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780821367513
ISBN-10: 082136751X
Series: Directions in Development
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 312
Published: December 2006
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.91 x 16.05  x 1.98
Weight (kg): 0.49