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How Languages are Learned : Oxford Handbooks For Language Teachers - Patsy M. Lightbown

How Languages are Learned

Oxford Handbooks For Language Teachers

Paperback Published: 7th February 2013
ISBN: 9780194541268
Number Of Pages: 272

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Unlike many introductions to the field of language acquisition research, How Languages are Learned does not assume that you are already familiar with research methods or theories. Its clear, readable style and absence of unnecessary technical jargon has helped to make it a standard text for trainee teachers throughout the world.There are evaluations and case studies throughout the book so that you can see a practical context for the research ideas you are reading about. Many of these examples are taken directly from real first and second language classrooms. The new Activities feature provides opportunities for you to think through the research being discussed. Each chapter ends with Questions for Reflection which draw on your experiences of language learning and teaching and your critical thinking skills to revise the chapter content.Reference to language acquisition research has been updated throughout the chapters and suggestions for further reading.Extra resources, including Supplementary Activities, Discussion Questions, Chapter Summaries, and video interviews with the authors are available online at www.oup.com/elt/teacher/hlal.The book is organized into seven chapters:Chapter 1: 'Language learning in early childhood' (Includes first language acquisition data, explanations of first language acquisition from different perspectives, and updates to research on childhood bilingualism)Chapter 2: 'Second language learning' (Topics covered include: learner characteristics, learner conditions, the language of second language learners, vocabulary, pragmatics, phonology, and sampling learners>' language)Chapter 3: 'Individual differences in second language learning' (Factors discussed include intelligence, aptitude, learning styles, personality, motivation and attitudes, identity and ethic group affiliation, and learner beliefs. Includes new research on age and second language instruction)Chapter 4: 'Explaining second language learning>' (Examines second language learning research from behaviourist, innatist, cognitive, and sociocultural perspectives.)Chapter 5: 'Observing learning and teaching in the second language classroom' (Looks at different learning environments and discusses ways of observing and reporting on them.)Chapter 6: 'Second language learning in the classroom' (Contains six practical proposals for classroom teaching based on research findings and insights.)Chapter 7: 'Popular ideas about language learning revisited' (The authors list and give their personal perspective on some commonly held beliefs about language learning.)There is a glossary to explain new and technical terms used in the book, and a full bibliography at the end of the book.

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How Languages Are Learned, 4th edn. P. Lightbown & N. Spada. (2013) Oxford U. Press. ISBN 978-0-19-454126-8; 256pp+. This edition of the standard introductory work on this subject is over 20 pp. longer than the 3rd edition. A strong feature of this admirable book is its concise, clear summaries of important research findings. The chapters are; Language learning in early childhood, Second language learning (SLL), Individual differences in SLL, Explaining SLL, Observing learning and teaching in the SL classroom, SLL in the classroom, and Popular ideas about language learning revisited. Extra activities, study questions, and videos are available online at www.oup.com/elt/teacher/hlal * The Teacher Trainer Journal, Vol 29/3 *

Introduction1. Language learning in early childhoodPreviewFirst language acquisitionExplaining ?rst language acquisitionLanguage disorders and delaysChildhood bilingualismSummarySuggestions for further reading2. Second language learningPreviewLearner characteristicsLearning conditionsStudying the language of second language learners VocabularyPragmaticsPhonologySampling learners' languageSummarySuggestions for further reading3. Individual differences in second language learningPreviewResearch on learner characteristicsIndividual differences and classroom instructionAge and second language learningAge and second language instructionSummarySuggestions for further reading4. Explaining second language learningPreviewThe behaviourist perspectiveThe innatist perspectiveThe cognitive perspectiveThe sociocultural perspectiveSummarySuggestions for further reading5. Observing learning and teaching in the second language classroomPreviewNatural and instructional settingsObservation schemesEthnographySummarySuggestions for further reading6. Second language learning in the classroomPreviewProposals for teachingAssessing the proposalsSummarySuggestions for further reading7. Popular ideas about language learning revisitedPreviewReflecting on the popular ideas: Learning from researchConclusion

ISBN: 9780194541268
ISBN-10: 0194541266
Series: Oxford Handbooks For Language Teachers
Audience: English as a Second Language (ESL)
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 272
Published: 7th February 2013
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.6 x 16.8  x 1.5
Weight (kg): 0.47
Edition Number: 4
Edition Type: Revised

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