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How Experiments End - Peter Galison

How Experiments End

Paperback Published: 1st January 1987
ISBN: 9780226279152
Number Of Pages: 342

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"Galison provides excellent histories of three experimental episodes: the measurement of the gyromagnetic ratio of the electron, the discovery of the mu meson, or muon, and the discovery of weak neutral currents. These studies of actual experiments will provide valuable material for both philosophers and historians of science and Galison's own thoughts on the nature of experiment are extremely important. . . . Galison has given both philosophers and historians much to think about. I strongly urge you to read this book."--Allan Franklin, "British Journal of the Philosophy of Science"
"Anyone who is seriously concerned with understanding how research is done should read this. There have been many books on one or another part of its subject matter but few giving such insights into how the research is done and how the consensus of discovery is arrived at."--Frank Close, "New Scientist"
" Galison] is to be congratulated on producing a masterpiece in the field."--Michael Redhead, "Synthese"
""How Experiments End" is a major historical work on an exciting topic."--Andy Pickering, "Isis"

Preface
Introduction
Strategies of Demonstration
Errors and Endings
Presuppositions and the Scope of Experimental Autonomy
Overview
From Aggregates to Atoms
History versus Statistics
The Apparatus of Averages
Molecular Magnets
The Electron
Einstein's Experiment
Einstein's Presuppositions
The Forgotten Influence of Terrestrial Magnetism
Expectations Defied
Ducks, Rabbits, and Errors
The Scylla and Charybdis of Ending an Experiment
Particles and Theories
Particles One by One
Millikan's Cosmic Rays
Beliefs behind the "Birth Cry of Atoms"
Contesting Instruments and Theories
Testing Quantum Mechanics
Quantum Theory Fails
A New Kind of Radiation
Regrouping the Phenomena
Two Cases for a New Particle
Corroboration by Theory, Corroboration by Experiment
Persuasive Evidence and the End of Experiments
Ending a High-Energy Physics Experiment
The Scale of High-Energy Physics
The Collective Wisdom: No Neutral Currents
Symmetries and Infinities
Priorities
Good Reasons for Disbelief
The Role of Theorists
Background and Signal
Do Neutral Currents "Really Exist"?
A Picture Book Event
The Expanding Circle of Belief
Models, Background, and Commitment
Experiment 1A: Parts and Participants
Short Circuits and High Theory
First Data
"Shadow of a Suspicion"
Dismantling an Ending
"I Don't See How to Make These Effects Go Away"
Theoretical and Experimental Cultures
Levels of Theoretical Commitment
Long-Term Constraints
Middle-Term Constraints
Short-Term Constraints
Carving Away the Background
Directness, Stability, and the Stubbornness of Phenomena
Scale, Complexity, and the End of Experiments
The Assembly of Arguments
Collaborations and Communities
Subgroups, Arguments, and History
The End
Appendix: Authors of Papers on Neutral Currents Abbreviations for Archival Sources
Bibliography
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780226279152
ISBN-10: 0226279154
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 342
Published: 1st January 1987
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.2 x 17.0  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.57
Edition Number: 2

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