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Households, Work and Economic Change : A Comparative Institutional Perspective - Jane Wheelock

Households, Work and Economic Change

A Comparative Institutional Perspective

By: Jane Wheelock (Editor), Age Mariussen (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 30th June 1997
ISBN: 9780792399308
Number Of Pages: 238

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Young men choosing a traditional working career 189 Young women making modern choices 191 The struggles of young men versus the success of young women 192 CONCLUSIONS Changing economies, changing households 195 Jane Wheelock and Age Mariussen Summing up 195 Institutional comparisons: empirical analysis 197 Theoretical implications 201 Policy implications 204 Bibliography 207 Index 231 ix ILLUSTRATIONS Figures 1. 1 Institutional change as a theme in economics and sociology 15 1. 2 The household in the total economy 28 2. 1 The household in the production, reproduction and consumption cloverleaf 39 10. 1 Characteristics of the two extreme groups of farmers, 'sceptics' and 'radicals' 155 11. 1 Flexibility in the family economic unit 161 Tables ILl Changing employment structure in Wearside and Mo i Rana, selected years 67 11. 2 Employment change comparisons, Wearside!Great Britain and Mo i Rana/Norway, selected years 68 11. 3 Major industrial sectors, Wearside and Mo i Rana, selected years 69 11. 4 Employment in Wearside and Mo i Rana: gender and part-time! full-time breakdown, selected years 70 The degree of change in the organisation of household work 7. 1 116 Economic status categories and family succession 10. 1 150 12. 1 Economic position of young adults (16-29) in Newcastle 176 12.

List of contributorsp. xiii
Forewordp. xv
Economic and social changep. xv
Readers' guidep. xviii
Acknowledgementsp. xxi
Introduction: Institutional transformationp. 1
Household, work and gender in transformationp. 1
Games and habitsp. 2
The institutional approach and embedding changep. 4
Households, work and economic changep. 8
The Significance of the Household in its Macro Context
Perspectives on the household in a changing economyp. 13
Overviewp. 13
Economics and sociology: divorce and remarriage?p. 17
Approaches to deregulation and economic change: where is the household?p. 24
Recognising and locating the household: seeing the whole economyp. 27
Changing livelihoods and meanings: global and localp. 30
The remarriage: replacing the old order of the male breadwinner?p. 34
Behind the lace curtainsp. 37
States, markets and householdsp. 37
Identifying the householdp. 41
Household flourishingp. 44
Changing meanings and valuesp. 46
Working towards the futurep. 49
Conclusionsp. 52
Social security, employment and the householdp. 53
Introduction: institutional stressesp. 53
Social insurance as a basis for income maintenancep. 55
Social assistance and means tests: equality with efficiency?p. 57
Institutional inconsistenciesp. 58
Income maintenance systems in practice: who gains and who loses?p. 59
Households, gender divisions and the 'group' modelp. 61
Conclusionsp. 62
Economic Restructuring, Labour Market Change and the Householdp. 65
British market-led restructuring: a case study of Wearsidep. 71
Introductionp. 71
Economic and policy contextp. 72
Wearside: background
Local regeneration policies
Deindustrialisation and labour market shockp. 75
Shipbuilding and marine engineering
UK and overseas owned branch plants
Indigenous firms
Coalmining
Services
Labour market adjustment to economic restructuringp. 79
Numbers in employment
Population change
Economically active population
Unemployment
Conclusionsp. 83
Corporatist restructuring: a Scandinavian case studyp. 85
Flashback: constructing corporatismp. 86
Corporatist restructuringp. 91
Structural changesp. 95
Corporatist and market-led restructuring comparedp. 99
Changing Lives and Livelihoods
Household responses to industrial change and unemploymentp. 103
The family and the social division of labour during industrial restructuringp. 107
Local historical and cultural contextsp. 108
The effects of industrial restructuring on everyday lifep. 109
Gender identity and the division of labourp. 110
Continuity and change in gender divisionsp. 111
Gender responses to male unemployment; or, is Andy Capp dead?p. 113
Introductionp. 113
Classifying differencesp. 114
No easy optionp. 117
Dignity in the face of changep. 118
Reflecting flexibility: from the security of regular employment to coping with casual workp. 121
The changing local economyp. 121
Flexible firms, flexible households, reflexive workers?p. 122
Work and household experiences for temporary workersp. 123
John (35), a steelworker seeking a new career
Henry (39), a joinery worker using skills in the informal economy
Heidi (32), a welder coping with casual work in different segments of the labour market
Martin (40), a carpenter tied to his workplace and hard hit by new manpower policies
Household adaptationsp. 128
Reflecting flexibilityp. 130
Changes in family and household based productionp. 133
'Nationalisation' of rural households? New teams for old tasks in agricultural householdsp. 137
Introductionp. 137
The local settingp. 138
Farm work: from household work to one man's workp. 139
Housework: from women's work to household workp. 143
Changes in tasks and teamsp. 145
Economic restructuring, environmental consciousness and farm family succession in Britainp. 147
Introductionp. 147
Succession and family farmingp. 148
Succession and the environmental consciousness in agriculturep. 151
Conclusionsp. 156
Survival and flexibility in the urban small business householdp. 157
Local economic development and small business householdsp. 157
A model of flexibilityp. 158
The costs and benefits of flexibility for the small business householdp. 162
Conclusions: surviving economic changep. 163
Shifting youth transitions and identitiesp. 167
From shipyards to nightclubs: the restructuring of young 'Geordie' work, home and consumption identitiesp. 173
Introductionp. 173
Young adults and the meaning of post-industrial workp. 174
Home sweet home? Negotiating work and consumptionp. 177
From shipyards to nightclubs: youth cultural identification in the post-industrial cityp. 181
Conclusionp. 184
Marginalised young men and successful young women: young people entering adulthoodp. 187
Introductionp. 187
Young men choosing a traditional working careerp. 189
Young women making modern choicesp. 191
The struggles of young men versus the success of young womenp. 192
Conclusions Changing economies, changing householdsp. 195
Summing upp. 195
Institutional comparisons: empirical analysisp. 197
Theoretical implicationsp. 201
Policy implicationsp. 204
Bibliographyp. 207
Indexp. 231
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792399308
ISBN-10: 0792399307
Series: RECENT ECONOMIC THOUGHT SERIES
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 238
Published: 30th June 1997
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 24.77 x 16.51  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.64