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Homo Novus - A Human Without Illusions : The Frontiers Collection - Ulrich J. Frey

Homo Novus - A Human Without Illusions

The Frontiers Collection

By: Ulrich J. Frey (Editor), Charlotte Stormer (Editor), Kai P. Willfuhr (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 14th September 2010
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Converging evidence from disciplines including sociobiology, evolutionary psychology and human biology forces us to adopt a new idea of what it means to be a human. As cherished concepts such as free will, naive realism, humans as creation's crowning glory fall and our moral roots in ape group dynamics become clearer, we have to take leave of many concepts that have been central to defining our humanness. What emerges is a new human, the homo novus, a human being without illusions.

Leading authors from many different fields explore these issues by addressing a range of illusions and providing evidence for the need, despite considerable reluctance, to relinquish some of our most cherished ideas about ourselves.

Introductionp. 1
Humans Are Exceptional
The Position of Man in the Cosmosp. 7
Historical Precursorsp. 7
The Standard Concordance Modelp. 8
Speculative Hypotheses on the High Energy Realmp. 11
The Challenge of Quantum Cosmologyp. 12
The Intricacies of Infinityp. 13
Taming the Unfathomablep. 15
Conclusionp. 16
Referencesp. 19
Living Differencesp. 19
What We Do and Monkeys Don'tp. 20
How to Join the Culture Clubp. 21
Culture as the Way We Do Thingsp. 24
Multiculturalism Amongst Animalsp. 26
Panthropologyp. 28
Cultural Capacity: Blessing and Cursep. 30
Referencesp. 31
Nothing to Talk Aboutp. 35
A Very Old Questionp. 35
Design Features of Speechp. 36
Semantics in Nonhuman Primate Communicationp. 37
Call Productionp. 38
Vocal Plasticityp. 38
Call Comprehensionp. 39
Fast Mapping in a Domestic Dogp. 40
Recursive Syntactic Patternsp. 41
Gestural Communicationp. 43
Outlookp. 44
Referencesp. 45
We Are Independent of Our Sociobiological Roots
The True Egoist Is Cooperativep. 51
Introductionp. 51
"Normative Biologism" as a Hazardp. 52
Social Darwinismp. 52
Classical German Ethologyp. 54
Morally Analogous Behaviorp. 56
Normative Consequencesp. 57
First Objectionsp. 58
Sociobiologyp. 59
Inclusive Fitnessp. 60
Reciprocal Altruismp. 60
What Does This Mean for Us?p. 61
Referencesp. 63
The Social Brain and Its Implicationsp. 65
Introductionp. 65
The Social Brain Hypothesisp. 66
The Bonding Problem in Human Communitiesp. 72
Cognitive Afterwordp. 75
Referencesp. 75
Why Most Theories Get It Wrongp. 79
Why Most Theories Get It Wrong: Altruistic Intentions as an Explanation of the Evolution of Genuine Altruismp. 79
Solving the Paradox of Altruismp. 80
Evidence for the Solution of the Paradox of Altruismp. 86
Conclusionp. 89
Referencesp. 91
The Biological Imperative Doesn't Matter to Us
Mortality Crises and Their Consequences for Human Life Historiesp. 95
Life History Theory and the Illusion of Unconstrained Life Planningp. 95
Introductionp. 96
Empirical Datap. 97
Hypothesisp. 98
Discussionp. 102
Outlookp. 106
Referencesp. 107
Costs and Consequences of Reproductionp. 111
Introductionp. 111
Immediate and Delayed Effects of Reproduction on Survivalp. 113
Costs of Reproduction to Future Breeding Successp. 116
Costs of Reproduction with Agep. 117
Costs of Reproduction Across Environmentsp. 117
The Genetic Basis for Costs of Reproduction Across Ages and Environmentsp. 119
Conclusionsp. 121
Referencesp. 122
Height and Reproductive Successp. 127
Introductionp. 127
A Survey of Height and Correlates of Reproductive Success in Adulthoodp. 129
Conclusionp. 137
Referencesp. 139
The Past Doesn't Echo in Our Heads
Developmental Psychology Without Dualistic Illusionsp. 147
The Implicit Dualism in Psychologyp. 147
Evolutionary Developmental Psychology as an Environmentalist Disciplinep. 149
Childhood as a Sensitive Periodp. 151
Conclusion: A Developmental Psychology Without Dualistic Illusionsp. 155
Referencesp. 157
The Psychology of Familiesp. 161
The Illusion of Gender Samenessp. 163
The Illusion of Family Socializationp. 172
Conclusionp. 175
Referencesp. 176
Moral, Religion and Culture Are Social Constructions
Moral Normativity Is (Naturally) Grownp. 183
Introductionp. 183
From "Volition" to "Ought"p. 184
Digression on Moral Reasoningp. 186
Exteriorization and Interiorizationp. 187
Do Norms Matter?p. 190
Referencesp. 191
The Origins of Symbolic Culturep. 193
Two Kinds of Factp. 194
Four Positions on the Origins of Symbolic Culturep. 194
The Archaeological Evidencep. 195
Explanatory Scenariosp. 196
Costly Versus Cheap Signals: Cooperation Between Strangersp. 197
Symbolism: Puzzles and Paradoxesp. 198
Counterdominance, Egalitarianism, and Collective Intentionalityp. 201
Dominance and Reverse Dominancep. 202
Female Coalitionary Strategiesp. 204
On Cooperative Breedingp. 205
Sex and Symbolismp. 207
Conclusionp. 208
Referencesp. 209
Belief in Melanesiap. 213
Case History: Death of an Eipo Manp. 214
Health and Wellbeing as a Goal: The Juncture Between Extra-Human Powers and an Incipient Juridicial Systemp. 216
"Black Magic" a Possible Second System of Ensuring Norm-Oriented Behaviorp. 218
Healing, a Religious Domainp. 220
Religion as Stress Reductionp. 223
Religion as a Mechanism to Manage Drastic Cultural Changep. 224
Referencesp. 226
We Are Free in What We Want
Free Willp. 231
Introductionp. 231
The Experimental Proof of Freedom of Willp. 234
Determinism of Motivesp. 239
How Does the Feeling of "Freely" Deciding Arise?p. 240
What Follows from All This for the Concept of Free Will?p. 242
Referencesp. 244
Could I Have Done Otherwise?p. 247
What Do We Want to Mean by Naturalism?p. 247
Why Responsibility?p. 249
On the Special Character of Explicationsp. 250
What Do We Want to Mean by Responsibility?p. 251
Why Is the Problem of Free Will Relevant?p. 252
What Do We Want to Mean by Free Will?p. 254
Do We Have This Kind of Free Will?p. 255
What Should We Do If There Is No Free Will?p. 256
Punishment and Responsibility in a Deterministic Worldp. 257
Referencesp. 258
Epilogue
Modern Illusions of HumankindUlrich J. FreyFrey, Ulrich J.
Destroyed Illusionsp. 263
Illusion 1: Humans are Exceptionally Exceptionalp. 266
Illusions 2, 3, 4: We Are Independent of Our Sociobiological Rootsp. 271
Illusion 5: Cultural Achievements Are Purely Social Constructionsp. 277
Illusion 6: We Are Free in What We Wantp. 281
Conclusionp. 283
Referencesp. 284
Indexp. 289
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783642121418
ISBN-10: 3642121411
Series: The Frontiers Collection
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 291
Published: 14th September 2010
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.9
Weight (kg): 0.63