Holography: Principles and Applications provides a comprehensive overview of the theory, practical considerations, and applications of holography. The author has spent his career working on different aspects of this subject, and in this book, conveys the foundation for others to use holography and holographic concepts in a variety of important applications. Special emphasis is placed on the analysis of the imaging and diffraction efficiency properties of holographic optical elements that are finding increasing use in medical imaging, solar conversion systems, and augmented reality eyewear. A comprehensive overview of holographic materials is also given as this area is critical for implementing successful holographic designs. The important areas of digital and computer generated holography are also presented to give the reader an understanding of these topics. The author has attempted to explain each subject in a manner that he has found effective in teaching holography for over thirty years.
This book is suitable for researchers and as a textbook for graduate students in optics, physics, and engineering. As an aid to instructors and students, the book includes exercise problems and a set of laboratory experiments to enhance understanding. Methods for preparing and handling holographic materials is also provided to help individuals develop experimental capability in holography. In addition, over 450 current and foundational references are provided to help the researcher probe further into this interesting and useful subject.
- Offers a systematic, rigorous account of the principles, techniques, and applications of holography;
- Describes the process of design, implementation, and evaluation of a variety of holographic optical elements;
- Provides an extensive overview of holographic materials including preparation, handling, and processing techniques;
- Includes exercise problems and laboratory experiments.
Basic Concepts Differences between holographic and lens imaging Historical background -X-ray diffraction, electron diffraction, ultrasound scattering, Lippmann photography Overview of applications of holography Introduction - Terminology Absorption and phase modulation Thin and Thick gratings - Bragg condition Transmission and Reflection gratings Image properties - image fidelity Diffraction efficiency Interferometric and Computer Generated holograms Recording geometries Materials used for holography and material characteristics Basic Holographic Recording Process Construction, exposure, and reconstruction- real and virtual image Relation between basic holographic processes and the response of photographic film Enhanced scattering from a periodic structure - grating equation, grating period Example - interference of two plane waves using propagation vectors Grating vector - calculation from propagation vectors -examples Fourier Analysis of Gratings Review of Rayleigh Sommerfeld far-field diffraction formulas Diffraction patterns from rectangular and circular apertures Fourier analysis of periodic absorption and phase grating apertures Fourier analysis of off-axis gratings Different types of holograms characterized by Fourier properties Image Analysis of Holograms Exact ray tracing Aberrations of holographic lenses -basic aberration characteristics Monochromatic aberrations Spectral dispersion of gratings Modeling holographic optical elements (HOEs) Hologram Recording Requirements Coherence - temporal and spatial Temporal coherence of sources with finite AV and At Visibility, mutual degree of coherence Coherence, polarization rotation effects on visibility Coherence of multi mode lasers Spatial filters Ideal recording material properties Coupled Wave Analysis Kogelnik's analysis Basic description of diffraction efficiency modeling Transmission holograms Reflection holograms DE of TE and TM polarization Basic description of other types of approximate models - Raman Nath Criteria for thin and thick holograms Introduction to rigorous coupled wave analysis Sequential and simultaneous hologram multiplexing Effects of absorption during construction Holographic Materials -Recent Developments Silver halide films Dichromated gelatin Holographic photopolymers Photoresists Photorefractive crystals and polymers Computer-Generated Holograms Detour phase Interferometric encoding Example problem Digital Holography Recording and reconstructing holograms on digital cameras Resolution and recording requirements Holographic microscope Optical sectioning Optical Data Storage System metrics: M#, material sensitivity Fourier transform configurations Multiplexing schemes Photorefractive and disk systems Phase masks Associative Memory Systems Other Applications Fiber Bragg gratings Displays Spectral/spatial filtering Security identification Micro optic beam splitters and beam distribution systems Optical code division multiple access filters Spectral/spatial imaging Solar energy collectors Effective medium conditions Resonance mode grating filters
Series: Optics and Optoelectronics
Tertiary; University or College
Number Of Pages: 336
Published: 2nd July 2019
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 26.67 x 19.05
Weight (kg): 0.82
Edition Number: 1