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History of Madness - Michel Foucault

History of Madness

By: Michel Foucault, Jean Khalfa (Translator), Jonathan Murphy (Translator)

Hardcover Published: 27th April 2006
ISBN: 9780415277013
Number Of Pages: 776

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When it was first published in France in 1961 as Folie et Deraison: Histoire de la Folie à l'âge Classique, few had heard of a thirty-four year old philosopher by the name of Michel Foucault. By the time an abridged English edition was published in 1967 as Madness and Civilization, Michel Foucault had shaken the intellectual world.

This translation is the first English edition of the complete French texts of the first and second edition, including all prefaces and appendices, some of them unavailable in the existing French edition.

History of Madness begins in the Middle Ages with vivid descriptions of the exclusion and confinement of lepers. Why, Foucault asks, when the leper houses were emptied at the end of the Middle Ages, were they turned into places of confinement for the mad? Why, within the space of several months in 1656, was one out of every hundred people in Paris confined?

Shifting brilliantly from Descartes and early Enlightenment thought to the founding of the Hôpital General in Paris and the work of early psychiatrists Philippe Pinel and Samuel Tuke, Foucault focuses throughout, not only on scientific and medical analyses of madness, but also on the philosophical and cultural values attached to the mad. He also urges us to recognize the creative and liberating forces that madness represents, brilliantly drawing on examples from Goya, Nietzsche, Van Gogh and Artaud.

The History of Madness is an inspiring and classic work that challenges us to understand madness, reason and power and the forces that shape them.

'Scarcely any philosopher working on the history of philosophy, or historian working on the history of institutions, social science or sexuality can avoid confronting the challenge of Foucault's books.' -- Michael Ignatieff, Times Literary Supplement 'Without a shadow of a doubt, the most original, influential and controversial text in this field during the last forty years. It remains as challenging now as on first publication. Its insights have still not been fully appreciated and absorbed.' -- Roy Porter 'Extraordinary ! rich and insistent, and almost unreasonable in its necessary repetitions.' -- Maurice Blanchot

Foreword: History and significance of Foucault's History of Madness
Prefaces
1961 edition
1972 edition
Stultifera Navis
The great confinement
The correctional world
Experiences of madness
The insane
The madman in the garden of species
The transcendence of delirium
Figures of madness
Doctors and patients
The great fear
The new division
The proper use of liberty
Birth of the asylum
The anthropological circle
Appendices
"Reponse a Derrida" ("Michel Foucault Derrida e no kaino" Paideia (Tokyo) February 1972)
"La Folie, l'absence d'oeuvre" Appendix 1 of 1972 edition
"Mon corps, ce papier, ce feu" Appendix 2 of 1972 edition
Notes
Bibliography
Critical bibliography on Foucault's History of Madness
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415277013
ISBN-10: 0415277019
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 776
Published: 27th April 2006
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.9  x 5.08
Weight (kg): 1.41
Edition Number: 2