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Highest Courts and Globalisation - Sam Muller

Highest Courts and Globalisation

By: Sam Muller (Editor), Sidney Richards (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 31st July 2010
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Hague Academic Press, a T.M.C. Asser Press imprint

Highest national courts were conceived at the pinnacle of the national court hierarchy, with one of their main tasks being the maintenance of a degree of legal coherency within the national legal system. Very often such courts also have the ability to declare national laws in violation of the constitution or international treaties. The interactions within societies and legal systems have consequences on highest national courts, which also increasingly interact with each other. This book investigates the theoretical and practical implications of these phenomena, offering a unique and unprecedented perspective on the issue of highest courts and globalisation from the world's leading scholars and judges.

Forewordp. V
Acknowledgementsp. VII
List of Abbreviationsp. XIII
Introduction: Globalisation and Highest Courtsp. 1
Introduction: Globalisation and the Lawp. 1
The Internationalisation of the Judiciaryp. 2
Highest Courts and Globalisation: Themes and Issuesp. 4
Unity and coherencep. 5
Frameworks of judicial legitimacyp. 11
Novel concepts and paradigms?p. 13
Institutional resourcesp. 18
Concluding Observationsp. 18
Trans-Judicial Dialogue in a Global Worldp. 21
Introductionp. 21
Why Is It Happening?p. 23
Historical reasonsp. 23
Families of legal systemsp. 23
Strengthening legal systemsp. 25
Contextual reasonsp. 25
Political reasonsp. 28
Strategic reasonsp. 29
Utilitarian reasonsp. 29
How Is It Happening?p. 30
The development of judicial diplomacyp. 30
Governmental cooperationp. 31
Non-governmental cooperationp. 32
The development of the international dimension in judicial trainingp. 33
Trainingp. 33
Exchangesp. 34
Universitiesp. 35
Information and communication technologyp. 35
The development of a comparative judicial methodologyp. 36
How Far and within Which Parameters?p. 37
Ideological limitsp. 37
Elitismp. 37
Nationalismp. 38
Exclusionp. 38
Judicial limitsp. 38
The incommensurability of legal systemsp. 39
The judge's neutrality in legal trainingp. 39
Institutional limitsp. 40
Conclusionsp. 40
The Globalisation of the Law and the Work of the Supreme Court of Canadap. 41
Introductionp. 41
The Use of Non-Domestic Legal Resources in Canadap. 42
International instruments and decisionsp. 42
Judicial borrowingp. 46
Formal and Informal International Networksp. 52
Conclusionp. 54
The Widening Horizons of Litigation in Britainp. 55
Judicial Co-operation and Communication in the Context of the Hague Conventionsp. 59
Introductionp. 59
The Hague Conference on private international lawp. 59
The International Network of Judgesp. 60
Involvement of Judges in Developing and Reviewing the Operation of Hague Conventionsp. 62
International Judicial Conferencesp. 62
An International Approach to Interpretation of the Hague Conventionsp. 64
Conclusionsp. 65
Judicial Globalisation: Supreme Court of Indiap. 67
Accommodating Unityp. 85
Unity and Diversityp. 85
Accommodating Unityp. 88
Reconciling Legal Unitiesp. 92
Conclusionp. 97
Treating Like Cases Alike in the World: The Theoretical Basis of the Demand for Legal Unityp. 99
A Bracing Environmentp. 99
The Lack of Argumentp. 100
Learning from Othersp. 101
A Need for Harmonisation?p. 105
Treating Like Cases Alikep. 107
The Agency Problemp. 107
The Top-Down Approachp. 108
The Bottom-Up Demand for Consistencyp. 109
The Human Rights Communityp. 110
Loose or Tight Consistency?p. 112
Conclusionp. 113
Justice at a New Scale: Introducing a Conceptual Framework for the Analysis of Highest Courts' Role in a Globalised Contextp. 115
Introductionp. 115
The Changing Role of Highest Courts in a Globalised Contextp. 117
Two types of highest courts: Supreme courts and constitutional courtsp. 117
A changing role under the effects of globalisationp. 118
The development of new practicesp. 120
The Theoretical Framework for the Analysis: Constitutional Flexibilityp. 121
The constitution and changing normsp. 122
A frame of reference for a comparative constitutional law analysisp. 123
Some methodological considerationsp. 124
Conclusionp. 126
The Inevitable Globalisation of Constitutional Lawp. 129
Introductionp. 129
Top-Down Processes of the Globalisation of Constitutional Lawp. 131
Bottom-Up Processes of the Globalisation of Constitutional Lawp. 134
Qualifications: Counterpressures on the Supply Sidep. 138
Races to the Top and Bottom, and Elsewherep. 144
Conclusion: Globalisation of Domestic Constitutional Law and the Separation of Powersp. 146
Is the Separation of Powers the Basis for the Legitimacy of an Internationalised Judiciary?p. 149
Introductionp. 149
Four Objectionsp. 150
The variability of the 'separation of powers' as a conceptp. 150
The variability of the 'judiciary' as an institutionp. 151
The variability of 'internationalisation' as a legal contextp. 153
Difficulties with the concept of legitimacy as an abstractionp. 156
Concluding Remarks: Legitimacy and Fundamental Rightsp. 158
Going Global to Preserve Domestic Accountability: The New Role of National Courtsp. 163
Introductionp. 163
The Impact of Globalisation on National Decision-Making Processesp. 164
Judicial Cooperation - Emerging Practicep. 169
Reviewing global counterterrorism measuresp. 170
Environmental protection in developing countriesp. 173
Coordinating the migration into destination countriesp. 176
Protecting socio-economic rights in developing countriesp. 180
The potential of and limits to further cooperationp. 181
Assessing the Legitimacy of Inter-Judicial Coordinationp. 183
Conclusionp. 186
List of Contributorsp. 187
Table of Casesp. 193
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9789067043281
ISBN-10: 9067043281
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 225
Published: 31st July 2010
Publisher: T.M.C. Asser Press
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 24.77 x 16.51  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.49