It was the objective of the ASI on "Advances in High Pressure Studies of Chemical and Biochemical Systems" to present the current status of such studies and to emphasize the advances achieved during the nine years since the previous ASI on "High Pressure Chemistry". These advances are partly due to the improved instrumentation enabling static and dynamic measurements at pressures several orders of magnitude higher than before, and partly due to the more general availability of high pressure equipment. This has led to a remarkable development in various areas of physics and chemistry, and especially in biochemistry. Throughout the presentation of this Advanced Study Institute the emphasis fell on the teaching character of such a summer school, and the contributions in this volume are of such a nature. Following a general introduction to modern high pressure research, a series of chapters on theoretical and experimental studies of gases, fluids and solids at high temperatures and pressures are presented with special emphasis on the physical aspects involved. Instrumentation used in such studies, viz. shock compression, NMR spectroscopy, laser scattering, x-ray and neutron scattering, and vibrational spectroscopy are treated in detail. The subsequent chapters are devoted to the application of high pressure techniques in the broad areas of organic, inorganic and biochemistry_ The formal lectures were supplemented by 29 contributed papers, for which a list of titles is included.
Section I: General and Physical Aspects.- Modern Aspects of High Pressure Chemistry.- Physics of Dense Fluids.- Properties of Gases Under High Compression.- Experimental Studies of Compressed Fluids.- High Temperature - High Pressure Techniques for the Study of Fluid Electronic Conductors.- Critical Behaviour in Fluid Metals.- Fluid Phase Separations in Polymerizing Systems at Elevated Pressures.- Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Laser Scattering Techniques at High Pressure.- Solid State High Pressure Research: X-Ray and Neutron Scattering.- Pressure Tuning Spectroscopy.- Section II: Chemical Aspects.- Kinetics of Organic Reactions at High Pressure.- Organic Synthesis at High Pressure.- Kinetics of Solvent Exchange Reactions at High Pressure.- High Pressure Studies of Inorganic Reaction Mechanisms.- Inorganic Photochemistry at High Pressure.- Section III: Biochemical Aspects.- High-Pressure Studies of Biomembranes by Vibrational Spectroscopy.- Dissociation of Oligomeric Proteins by Hydrostatic Pressure.- Pressure Effects on the Reactions of Heme Proteins.- Contributed Papers.- List of Participants.