In most European countries there is a growing imbalance between the supply and demand of medical manpower. Though many national gov- ernments, international organizations and scientific institutes, and also, with a view from a different angle, doctors associations recognize this problem, it appears to be very difficult to bring all people concerned with this problem together in order to find a solution. On this occasion, the initiative to arrange an international meeting was taken by the junior-doctors associations of The Netherlands and Sweden with the organizational support of the Faculty of Medicine of University Limburg, Maastricht, The Netherlands, and under the auspices of the Permanent Working Group of European Junior Hospital Doctors. The symposium should be considered as a step in a series of continuing activities within the field of health manpower planning. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) organized a working symposium on Long-Range Forecasting and Planning in 1968 (8ellaglio, Italy), followed by the Expert Committee ofthe OECD which produced the 'New Directives in Education for Changing Health Care System' (OECD- CERI report, Paris 1975).
The Dutch ministries of Education and Sciences and of Health and Environmental Protection organized a seminar on 'Cooperation of Health Care and Education at Regional Level, Responsibilities and Cost Alloca- tion' (1978, Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands). Following this, the Dutch Association of Junior Hospital Doctors (LVAG) organized a national con- ference 'Today a consultant in training, tomorrow an unemployed special- ist?' (1980, Utrecht, The Netherlands).
Opening Session.- Welcome Address and Introduction.- Official Opening of the Symposium by the Minister of Health and Environmental Protection.- Planning Health Manpower for Health for All by the Year 2000.- Welcome Address by the Coordinating Secretary of the Permanent Working Group of European Junior Hospital Doctors (PWG).- Session I: Importance of Manpower Planning.- Manpower Planning as a European Problem and a Task for Europe: the Need for International Legislation.- Manpower Planning in Industrial Organizations and as a Necessity for Industrial Innovation.- A Conceptual Framework for Health Manpower Planning.- Relationship of Health Care and Health Workers Training for Manpower Planning.- Session II: Realities in Manpower Planning in Europe.- Medical Manpower Planning in the Federal Republic of Germany.- Medical Manpower Planning in The Netherlands.- Medical Manpower Planning in France.- Medical Manpower Planning in the United Kingdom.- Medical Manpower Planning in Sweden.- General Discussion.- Session III: Methods and Strategies in Manpower Planning.- Health Manpower Planning in Industrialized Countries.- Planning of Medical Manpower for Health Care in the light of a Changing Employment Market.- Consequences of Manpower Planning for Educational Systems in Europe.- Session IV: Approaches to the Role of Government in Manpower Planning.- The Role of Government in Health Manpower Planning in Hungary.- The Role of Government in Health Manpower Planning in Canada.- Problems Facing Europe.- General Discussion.- Session V: Workshops.- Task and Design of the Workshops.- Workshop 1: Definition of the Needs.- Workshop 2: Development of the Health Care System.- Workshop 3: Development of the Educational System.- Workshop 4: Interrelationship between the Health Care System and the Educational System.- Workshop 5: Relationship between Individual Career Planning and Health Manpower Planning.- Conclusions and Recommendations.- Members of the Programme Committee.- Members of the Organizing Committee.- Contributors.- Sponsors.