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Harold Wilson and European Integration : Britain's Second Application to Join the EEC - Oliver J. Daddow

Harold Wilson and European Integration

Britain's Second Application to Join the EEC

By: Oliver J. Daddow (Editor)

Paperback

Published: 30th September 2002
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Harold Wilson's direction of the second British application to join the EEC is ripe for reinterpretation. During the period of Wilson's first Labour administrations, October 1964-April 1966 and April 1966-June 1970, executive policy-making in Britain became legendary for its supposed opaqueness and intrigue. They are remebered not least for the volume of scandal and in-fighting among a talented but reckless group of ministers, numbering among them a "Machiavellian" Prime Minister in Wilson, a "drunken neurotic" in George Brown, and the highly influential and vocal diarists Tony Benn, Barbara Castle and Richard Crossman. On top of all this, the 1960s saw a plethora of domestic and foreign-policy crises.
There remains a fundmental question to be answered: why did Wilson, faced with massive political problems following the April 1966 election, apply to join the EEC while de Gaulle remained dominant in Paris and there was no sign that his position on British "readiness" to enter Europe had changed? This has vexed historians of the Wilson years. Some have attempted to explain the bid in terms of the premier's Machiavellian cunning. Others have explained the application in the context of Wilson's obsessions with domestic popularity. Yet more put the bid down to a desperate attempt to stave off potential leadership contests from "Europeans" in the cabinet.
With new and revealing material now available in the Public Record Office and abroad, this volume reconsiders Wilson's motivations, contextualizing them in light of evidence on foreign policy-making contained in the offical record.

Notes on Contributorsp. vii
Forewordp. x
Acknowledgementsp. xiv
List of Abbreviationsp. xv
Introduction: The Historiography of Wilson's Attempt to Take Britain into the EECp. 1
The Domestic Context
The Labour Party, Public Opinion and the 'Second Try' in 1967p. 39
The Conservatives and the Wilson Applicationp. 56
Gone Native: The Foreign Office and Harold Wilson's Policy Towards the EEC, 1964-67p. 75
Technological Cooperation in Wilson's Strategy for EEC Entryp. 95
The Confederation of British Industry and European Integration in the 1960sp. 115
The External Context
A Short-Term Defeat: The Community Institutions and the Second British Application to Join the EECp. 135
John Bull v. Marianne, Round Two: Anglo-French Relations and Britain's Second EEC Membership Bidp. 151
Dealing with de Gaulle: Anglo-American Relations, NATO and the Second Applicationp. 172
From Imperial Power to Regional Powers: Commonwealth Crises and the Second Applicationp. 188
'We Too Mean Business': Germany and the Second British Application to the EEC, 1966-67p. 211
Ireland and Britain's Second Application to Join the EECp. 227
Conclusion: The Ironies of 'Successful Failure'p. 243
Labour Cabinet Members, October 1964-June 1970p. 253
Chronology of European Integration and the British Approach, 1964-70p. 257
Bibliographyp. 263
Indexp. 283
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780714682075
ISBN-10: 0714682071
Series: Cass Series--British Foreign and Colonial Policy,
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 298
Published: 30th September 2002
Publisher: F CASS PUBN
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.32 x 16.05  x 2.49
Weight (kg): 0.49
Edition Number: 1