+612 9045 4394
 
CHECKOUT
Handbook on Material and Energy Balance Calculations in Metallurgical Processes - H. Alan Fine

Handbook on Material and Energy Balance Calculations in Metallurgical Processes

Hardcover

Published: March 2010
Ships: 7 to 10 business days
7 to 10 business days
RRP $226.99
$157.25
31%
OFF
or 4 easy payments of $39.31 with Learn more

An updated and revised version on the original text, this handbook reviews the basic principles of physical chemistry, linear algebra, and statistics that are necessary to determine material and energy balances. This is a valuable text for students as well as practicing engineers looking for a refresher text.

CHAPTER 1: DIMENSIONS, UNITS, AND CONVERSION FACTORS.

1.0 Introduction.

1.1 The SI System of Units.

1.1.1 Units and Dimensions.

1.1.2 Prefixes.

1.1.3 Acceptable Non-SI Units.

1.1.4 Style.

1.2 Conversion Factors.

1.2.1 Conversion Factor Tables.

1.2.2 The Dimensional Equation.

1.2.3 Conversion Equations.

1.3 The Mole Unit.

1.4 Density and Concentration.

1.4.1 Density.

1.4.2 Concentration.

1.5 Electrical Units.

1.6 Summary.

Further Reading.

Exercises.

CHAPTER 2: STOICHIOMETRY.

2.0 Introduction.

2.1 Atomic and Molecular Mass (Weight).

2.2 The Chemical Equation.

2.3 The Ideal Gas Law.

2.4 Excess and Limiting Reactants.

2.5 Oxidation-Reductions.

2.6 Summary.

Further Reading.

Exercises.

CHAPTER 3: SAMPLING AND MEASUREMENTS.

3.0 Introduction.

3.1 The Importance of Errors and Error Description.

3.2 Propagation of Experimental Errors.

3.2.1 Propagation of Maximum Errors.

3.2.2 Propagation of Probable Errors.

3.2.3 Significant Figures.

3.3 Sampling Methods and Procedures.

3.3.1 Sampling Granular Solids.

3.3.2 Sampling Liquids.

3.3.3 Sampling Gases.

3.4 Weighing.

3.4.1 Belt Weighers.

3.4.2 Hopper Weighers.

3.4.3 Platform Weighers.

3.4.4 Crane Weighers.

3.4.5 Roller Conveyor Weighers.

3.5 Density Measurements.

3.5.1 Liquid Density.

3.5.2 Bulk Density.

3.5.3 Pulp (Slurry) Density.

3.6 Measurement of Temperature.

3.6.1 Thermocouples.

3.6.2 Pressure Thermometers.

3.6.3 Radiation Pyrometers.

3.7 Fluid Flow Measurement.

3.7.1 Flow Totalizers.

3.7.2 Vortex Meters.

3.7.3 Magnetic Flowmeters.

3.7.4 Variable Area Meters.

3.7.5 Variable Head Meters.

3.8 Pressure Measurement.

3.8.1 Positive Pressure.

3.8.2 Vacuum.

3.9 Chemical Analyses.

3.9.1 Emission Spectroscopy.

3.9.2 X-Ray Techniques.

3.9.3 Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy.

3.9.4 Chromatography.

3.9.5 Infrared Analyzers.

3.9.6 Gaseous Oxygen Analyzers.

3.10 Summary.

Further Reading.

CHAPTER 4: MATERIAL BALANCES.

4.0 Introduction.

4.1 Conservation of Matter (Mass).

4.2 Solution of Sets of Equations.

4.2.1 Partitioning of Equations.

4.2.2 Determinants.

4.2.3 Gaussian Elimination.

4.2.4 Matrix Inversion.

4.2.5 Matrix Conditioning.

4.2.6 Tearing Equations.

4.3 Material Balances.

4.3.1 Degrees of Freedom.

4.3.2 Problems Having Direct Solutions.

4.3.3 Tie Components.

4.3.4 Recycle Calculations.

4.4 Representation of Material Balances.

4.5 Summary.

Further Reading.

Exercises.

CHAPTER 5: THERMOCHEMISTRY.

5.0 Introduction.

5.1 The System.

5.1.1 Types of Thermodynamic Systems.

5.2 The First Law of Thermodynamics.

5.2.1 General Case.

5.2.2 Special Cases.

5.3 Enthalpy.

5.3.1 Enthalpy Increments.

5.3.2 Latent Heat.

5.3.3 Heat of Formation and Reaction.

5.4 Sources of Enthalpy Data.

5.4.1 Data Compilations.

5.4.2 Data from Thermodynamic Relationships.

5.5 Summary.

Further Reading.

Exercises.

CHAPTER 6: ENERGY BALANCES.

6.0 Introduction.

6.1 The Heat Balance.

6.1.1 Sankey Diagrams.

6.2 Adiabatic Reaction Temperature.

6.3 Electrical Energy.

6.3.1 Electric Power Fundamentals.

6.3.2 Electric Arc Furnaces.

6.3.3 Vacuum Arc Remelting (VAR) Furnaces.

6.3.4 Electroslag Remelting (ESR) Furnaces.

6.3.5 Induction Melting and Heating Furnaces.

6.3.6 Electrochemical Processes.

6.4 Staged Heat Balances.

6.4.1 Critical Temperature and Energy Quality Requirements.

6.4.2 Energy Quantity Requirements in a Continuous Process.

6.5 Simultaneous Material and Energy Balances: Thermochemical Models.

6.6 Process Analysis.

6.6.1 Theoretical Energy Requirements for Ironmaking.

6.6.2 Energy Efficiency in the Age of Scarcity.

Further Reading.

Exercises.

APPENDICES.

A. Basic Properties of Matrices (Daniel T. Hanson).

B. Enthalpy Data.

C. Bibliography of Material and Energy Balances on Metallurgical, Cement, and Lime Processes.

INDEX.

ISBN: 9780873392242
ISBN-10: 0873392248
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 584
Published: March 2010
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.78  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 1.23
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised