A reference work on the design and operation of cane sugar manufacturing facilities covering cane sugar decolorization, filtration, evaporation and crystallization, centrifugation, drying and packaging. It also includes process control and instrumentation, automation, small-scale local refining, energy management, and the design and process integration of cane sugar refineries. Given the scale of typical refineries, even small improvements in process technology can pay enormous economic dividends.
INTRODUCTION TO SUGAR REFINING.
Glossary of Terms and Definitions (C. Chou).
Sugar Refining Processes and Equipment (C. Chou).
Automation in a Raw Cane Sugar Factory (R. Kwok & E. Lam).
Raw Sugar Storage and Handling (H. Chang & C. Chou).
REFINING PROCESS AND OPERATIONS.
Affination (T. Pearson).
Phosphatation for Turbidity and Color Removal (R. Riffer).
Carbonation for Turbidity and Color Removal (P. Rein).
Granular Carbon Decolorization System (P. Field & H. Benecke).
Pulsed-Bed Moving-Granular Activated Carbon System (J.-H. Liang).
Ion-Exchange Resin Process for Color and Ash Removal (D. Bouree & F. Rousset).
Filtration Processes (C. Chou).
Evaporation Theory and Practices (W. Kampen).
White Sugar Boiling and Crystallization (C. Chou).
Centrifugation Operation (G. Grimwood).
Refined Sugar Drying, Conditioning, and Storage (D. Meadows).
Packaging, Warehousing, and Shipping of Refined Products (J.-P. Merle).
Remelt and Recovery House Operations, (C. Chou).
Application of Membrane Technology in Sugar Manufacturing (M. Saska).
REFINERY DESIGN AND PROCESS CONTROL.
Refining Design Criteria (C. Chou).
Process Selection (R. Riffer).
Instrumentation for Process Control (W. Simoneaux).
Operational Computers (R. Burke).
Automation of a Sugar Refinery (N. Mera).
Integration of Raw and Refined Sugar Operations (S. Clarke).
Off-Crop Sugar Refining for a Back-End Refinery (R. Lionnet).
Energy Conservation for Sugar Refining (J. Tillman).
Technical Control for Sucrose Loss (J. Dowling).
Microbiological Control in Sugar Manufacturing and Refining (D. Day).
Refinery Maintenance Program (G. Fawcett & C. Chou).
Environmental Quality Assurance (C. Chou).
SPECIALTY SUGAR PRODUCTS.
Brown or Soft Sugar (J. Thompson).
Areado Soft Sugar Process (L. Bento & F. Bartolo).
Liquid Sugar Production (L. Anhaiser).
Microcrystalline Sugar (C. Chou).
CHEMISTRY OF SUGAR REFINING.
Refining Quality of Raw Sugar (S. Clarke).
Nonsugars and Sugar Refining (R. Riffer).
Analysis of Sugar and Molasses (W. Altenburg).
About the Editor/Author.
Series: Hoover Institution Press Publication
Number Of Pages: 768
Published: 31st July 2000
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.2 x 16.25
Weight (kg): 1.17
Edition Number: 1