Cardiovascular disease continues to be the number ioral medicine" was developed and shaped into the one source of morbidity and mortality in our coun- following definition: try. Despite a 35% reduction since 1964, these Behavioral medicine is the interdisciplinary field con- diseases, particularly coronary heart disease cerned with the development and integration of behav- (CHD), claim nearly 1,000,000 lives each year in ioral and biomedical science knowledge and techniques the United States (Havlik & Feinleib, 1979). relevant to the understanding of health and illness and The Framingham study, among others, has iden- the application of this knowledge and these techniques to prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation. tified three major risk factors implicated in the de- (Schwartz & Weiss, 1978) velopment of CHD: smoking, elevated serum cho- lesterol, and high blood pressure (Castelli et at., This concept of "biobehavioral" collaboration 1986).
Given that these factors account for less challenged scientists and clinicians of many disci- than 50% of the variance associated with CHD plines to consider how they might more effectively (Jenkins, 1976), it has become obvious that addi- develop diagnostic, treatment, and prevention tional risk factors must be identified if further pro- strategies by merging their perspectives to address gress is to be made in disease prevention and simultaneously, among others, behavioral, psy- control.
I. Cardiovascular Measurement in the Laboratory.- 1 Structure and Function of the Cardiovascular System.- 2 Noninvasive Measurement of Cardiac Functions.- 3 The Experimental Study of Behaviorally Induced Arrhythmias.- 4 The Measurement of Blood Pressure.- 5 Measurement of Blood Flow and Venous Distensibility.- 6 Autonomic Function Testing.- 7 Microneurographic Measurement of Sympathetic Nerve Activity in Humans.- 8 Measurement of Volume Regulation: Renal Function.- II. Measurement Issues in Physiology-Biochemistry.- 9 Electrolytes.- 10 Methods for Study of Carbohydrate Metabolism.- 11 Catecholamine Measurement in Behavioral Research.- 12 Adrenocortical and Gonadal Steroids in Behavioral Cardiovascular Medicine.- 13 Measurement and Function of Neuropeptides: Focus on Corticotropin-Releasing Factor and Arginine Vasopressin.- 14 Receptors.- 15 The Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System and Atrial Natriuretic Factor.- III. Ambulatory Monitoring.- 16 Ambulatory Monitoring: Applications and Limitations.- 17 Ambulatory Electrocardiographic Monitoring: Methods and Applications.- 18 Research Techniques for Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring.- 19 Methods for Ambulatory Monitoring of Blood and Urine.- 20 Diaries in Ambulatory Monitoring.- 21 Data Analysis of Ambulatory Blood Pressure Readings: Before p Values.- IV. Laboratory Tasks, Procedures, and Nonpsychometric Subject Variables.- 22 Psychophysiologic Strategies in Laboratory Research.- 23 Psychophysiologic Reactivity as a Dimension of Individual Differences.- 24 The Social Context of Stress and Behavioral Medicine Research: Instructions, Experimenter Effects, and Social Interactions.- 25 Physical Stressors and Pharmacologic Manipulations: Neurohumoral and Hemodynamic Responses in Hypertension.- 26 Hemodynamic Assessment and Pharmacologic Probes as Tools to Analyze Cardiovascular Reactivity.- 27 Constitutional Factors Relating to Differences in Cardiovascular Response.- 28 Ethnic Differences in Resting and Stress-Induced Cardiovascular and Humoral Activity: An Overview.- 29 Cardiovascular and Neuroendocrine Responses to Challenge in Males and Females.- V. Psychometric Assessment.- 30 An Overview of Issues in Psychometric Assessment.- 31 Personality Dimensions in Reactivity and Cardiovascular Disease.- 32 Stress and Social Support: Assessment Issues.- 33 Assessing Subjects' Construal of the Laboratory Situation.- 34 Observational Methods for Assessing Psychological State.- 35 Definition and Assessment of Coronary-Prone Behavior.- VI. Research Designs and Statistical Concerns.- 36 Research Designs in Behavioral Cardiovascular Research.- 37 The Analysis of Continuous Data.- 38 Power Calculations for Statistical Design.- 39 Experimental Studies in the Field: Some Pragmatic Considerations.- 40 Metaanalysis of Related Research.- 41 Pooling of Data from Independent Studies.- 42 Clinical Trials.
Series: Plenum Series in Behavioral Psychophysiology and Medicine
Number Of Pages: 717
Published: 1st May 1989
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 26.67 x 19.68
Weight (kg): 1.72