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Handbook of Radar Scattering Statistics for Terrain : Remote sensing library - Fawwaz T. Ulaby

Handbook of Radar Scattering Statistics for Terrain

Remote sensing library

Hardcover

Published: 19th March 1989
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Prefacep. xi
Theory of Radar Scattering Statisticsp. 1
Introductionp. 1
Radar Clutter Statisticsp. 1
Causes of Radar Signal Variationsp. 2
Scattering Coefficient Data Basep. 4
Scope of This Handbookp. 9
The Radar Equationp. 11
Scattering from a Point Targetp. 11
Scattering from a Distributed Targetp. 14
Narrow-Beam Scatterometerp. 16
Imaging Radarp. 16
Statistical Properties of a Distributed Targetp. 18
Homogeneous Mediump. 21
Inhomogeneous Random Mediump. 22
Statistically Homogeneous Mediump. 24
Statistically Uniform Targetp. 25
General Behavior of [sigma][degree]p. 25
Angular Dependence of [sigma][degree] of a Random Surfacep. 25
Dependence of [sigma][degree] on Surface Roughnessp. 26
Dependence of [sigma][degree] on Surface Moisturep. 27
Angular Dependence of [sigma][degree] for Vegetationp. 28
Dependence of [sigma][degree] on Vegetation Biomassp. 30
Angular Dependence of [sigma][degree] for Snowp. 31
Frequency Variation of [sigma][degree] for Snowp. 33
Statistics of Signal Fluctuationsp. 35
Rayleigh Fading Statisticsp. 38
Underlying Assumptionsp. 38
Output Voltagep. 41
Interpretationp. 44
Multiple Independent Samplesp. 44
Linear Detectionp. 44
Square-Law Detectionp. 48
Applicability of the Rayleigh Clutter Modelp. 48
Non-Rayleigh Distributionsp. 50
Log-Normal Distributionp. 50
Weibull Distributionp. 54
Distribution for a Strong Point Target in Clutter Backgroundp. 56
Clutter Model for Nonuniform Terrainp. 59
Uniformly Distributed Backgroundp. 60
Gamma Distributed Backgroundp. 63
Log-Normal Distributed Backgroundp. 63
Scintillation Reduction By Spatial Averaging And Frequency Agilityp. 65
Spatial Averagingp. 67
Discrete Samplesp. 67
Continuous Averaging in Azimuthp. 67
Continuous Averaging in Rangep. 69
Frequency Agilityp. 69
Decorrelation Bandwidthp. 70
Continuous Averaging in Frequencyp. 72
Examples of Experimental Observationsp. 74
Distribution Functions Of Backscattering Coefficientp. 79
Data Quality And Presentation Formatp. 79
Data-Quality Evaluationp. 79
Terrain Categoriesp. 80
Barren and Sparsely Vegetated Landp. 83
Vegetated Landp. 85
Urban Landp. 86
Snowp. 87
Classification Summaryp. 87
Frequency Bandsp. 88
Statistical Distributionsp. 88
Statistical Distribution Tablesp. 90
Angular Plotsp. 90
Histogramsp. 96
A Variability in the Measurement of Radar Backscatterp. 99
Referencesp. 109
Backscattering Data For Soil And Rock Surfacesp. 119
Data Sources and Parameter Loadingsp. 119
L-Band Datap. 120
S-Band Datap. 125
C-Band Datap. 130
X-Band Datap. 135
K[subscript u]-Band Datap. 140
K[subscript a]-Band Datap. 145
Backscattering Data For Treesp. 147
Data Sources and Parameter Loadingsp. 147
L-Band Datap. 148
S-Band Datap. 151
C-Band Datap. 152
X-Band Datap. 154
K[subscript u]-Band Datap. 159
K[subscript a]-Band Datap. 164
W-Band Datap. 165
Backscattering Data For Grassesp. 167
Data Sources and Parameter Loadingsp. 167
L-Band Datap. 168
S-Band Datap. 173
C-Band Datap. 178
X-Band Datap. 183
K[subscript u]-Band Datap. 188
K[subscript a]-Band Datap. 193
W-Band Datap. 198
Backscattering Data For Shrubsp. 199
Data Sources and Parameter Loadingsp. 199
L-Band Datap. 200
S-Band Datap. 205
C-Band Datap. 210
X-Band Datap. 215
K[subscript u]-Band Datap. 220
K[subscript a]-Band Datap. 225
Backscattering Data For Short Vegetationp. 231
Data Sources and Parameter Loadingsp. 231
L-Band Datap. 232
S-Band Datap. 237
C-Band Datap. 242
X-Band Datap. 247
K[subscript u]-Band Datap. 252
K[subscript a]-Band Datap. 257
W-Band Datap. 262
Backscattering Data For Road Surfacesp. 263
Data Sources and Parameter Loadingsp. 263
L-Band Datap. 264
X-Band Datap. 265
K[subscript u]-Band Datap. 270
K[subscript a]-Band Datap. 275
W-Band Datap. 280
Backscattering Data For Urban Areasp. 281
Data Sources and Parameter Loadingsp. 281
L-Band Datap. 282
S-Band Datap. 283
C-Band Datap. 284
X-Band Datap. 285
Backscattering Data For Dry Snowp. 287
Data Sources and Parameter Loadingsp. 287
L-Band Datap. 288
S-Band Datap. 293
C-Band Datap. 298
X-Band Datap. 303
K[subscript u]-Band Datap. 308
K[subscript a]-Band Datap. 313
W-Band Datap. 318
Backscattering Data For Wet Snowp. 323
Data Sources and Parameter Loadingsp. 323
L-Band Datap. 324
S-Band Datap. 329
C-Band Datap. 334
X-Band Datap. 339
K[subscript u]-Band Datap. 344
K[subscript a]-Band Datap. 349
W-Band Datap. 354
Indexp. 357
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780890063361
ISBN-10: 0890063362
Series: Remote sensing library
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 372
Published: 19th March 1989
Publisher: Artech House Publishers
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.5
Weight (kg): 0.74