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Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals : Springer Series in Optical Sciences - Valentin G. Dmitriev

Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals

Springer Series in Optical Sciences


Published: 21st July 1999
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Since the invention of the first laser 30 years ago, the frequency conversion of laser radiation in nonlinear optical crystals has become an important technique widely used in quantum electronics and laser physics for solving various scientific and engineering problems. The fundamental physics of three-wave light interactions in nonlinear optical crystals is now well understood. This has enabled the production of various harmonic generators, sum-and difference­ frequency generators, and optical parametric oscillators based on nonlinear optical crystals that are now commercially available. At the same time, scientists continue an active search for novel, highly efficient nonlinear optical materials. Therefore, in our opinion, there is a great need for a handbook of nonlinear optical crystals, intended for specialists and practitioners with an engineering background. This book contains a complete description of the properties and applications of all nonliner optical crystals of practical importance reported in the literature up to the beginning of 1990. In addition, it contains the most important equations for calculating the main parameters (such as phase-matching direction, effective nonlinearity, and conversion efficiency) of nonlinear frequency converters. Dolgoprudnyi, Yerevan, Troitzk v. G. Dmitriev USSR G. G. Gurzadyan October 1990 D. N. Nikogosyan Contents 1 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Optics of Nonlinear Crystals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . . . . . .

"This is the third (revised) edition of this book by the same authors. The revision has become necessary because of the many developments in the subject over the last few years. The book is very well written, well explained and well illustrated. ...The authors have collated an impressive collection of data from an even more impressive number of sources (1351). This edition must surely be the benchmark or reference handbook for all those in the non-linear optical field..." Optics and Lasers in Engineering, 1999/32 "It contains a complete description of the properties and applications of all nonlinear optical crystals of practical importance reported in the literature up to now. ...an excellent reference-book." G.B. Rampal, Physicalia, 2000, 36,3

FROM THE REVIEWS OF THE SECOND EDITION "This book is the most comprehensive source on crystal data available and certainly meets the requirements of engineers and scientists who word on development of laser resonators and OPOs." (OPTICS & PHOTONICS NEWS)

Introductionp. 1
Optics of Nonlinear Crystalsp. 3
Three- and Four-Wave (Three- and Four-Frequency) Interactions in Nonlinear Mediap. 3
Phase-Matching Conditionsp. 5
Optics of Uniaxial Crystalsp. 6
Types of Phase Matching in Uniaxial Crystalsp. 10
Calculation of Phase-Matching Angles in Uniaxial Crystalsp. 13
Reflection and Refraction of Light Waves at the Surfaces of Uniaxial Crystalsp. 14
Optics of Biaxial Crystalsp. 16
Types of Phase Matching in Biaxial Crystalsp. 18
Calculation of Phase-Matching Angles in Biaxial Crystalsp. 19
Crystal Symmetry and Effective Nonlinearity: Uniaxial Crystalsp. 23
Crystal Symmetry and Effective Nonlinearity: Biaxial Crystalsp. 25
Theory of Nonlinear Frequency-Conversion Efficiencyp. 32
Wave Mismatch and Phase-Matching Bandwidthp. 40
Calculation of Nonlinear Frequency-Conversion Efficiency in Some Special Casesp. 48
Plane-Wave Fixed-Field Approximationp. 49
Fundamental Wave Depletion ("Nonlinear Regime")p. 52
SHG of a Divergent Fundamental Radiation Beam in the Fixed-Field Approximationp. 54
SHG of a Divergent Fundamental Radiation Beam in the Nonlinear Regimep. 55
Fixed-Intensity Approximationp. 57
Frequency Conversion of Ultrashort Laser Pulsesp. 59
Frequency Conversion of Laser Beams with Limited Aperture in the Stationary Regimep. 61
Linear Absorptionp. 65
Additional Commentsp. 65
Properties of Nonlinear Optical Crystalsp. 67
Basic Nonlinear Optical Crystalsp. 68
LiB3O5, Lithium Triborate (LBO)p. 68
KH2PO4, Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate (KDP)p. 78
KD2PO4, Deuterated Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate (DKDP)p. 85
NH4H2PO4, Ammonium Dihydrogen Phosphate (ADP)p. 90
ß-BaB2O4, Beta-Barium Borate (BBO)p. 96
LiIO3, Lithium Iodatep. 103
KTiOPO4, Potassium Titanyl Phosphate (KTP)p. 107
LiNbO3, Lithium Niobatep. 119
KNbO3, Potassium Niobatep. 126
AgGaS2, Silver Thiogallatep. 132
ZnGeP2, Zinc Germanium Phosphidep. 136
Frequently Used Nonlinear Optical Crystalsp. 142
KB5O8 · 4H2O, Potassium Pentaborate Tetrahydrate (KB5)p. 142
CO(NH2)2, Ureap. 146
CsH2AsO4, Cesium Dihydrogen Arsenate (CDA)p. 149
CsD2AsO4, Deuterated Cesium Dihydrogen Arsenate (DCDA)p. 152
KTiOAsO4, Potassium Titanyl Arsenate (KTA)p. 156
MgO : LiNbO3, Magnesium-Oxide-Doped Lithium Niobatep. 159
Ag3AsS3, Proustitep. 162
GaSe, Gallium Selenidep. 166
AgGaSe2, Silver Gallium Selenidep. 169
CdSe, Cadmium Selenidep. 173
CdGeAs2, Cadmium Germanium Arsenidep. 176
Other Inorganic Nonlinear Optical Crystalsp. 179
KB5O8 · 4D2O, Deuterated Potassium Pentaborate Tetrahydrate (DKB5)p. 179
CsB3O5, Cesium Triborate (CBO)p. 180
BeSO4 · 4H2O, Beryllium Sulfatep. 182
MgBaF4, Magnesium Barium Fluoridep. 184
NH4D2PO4, Deuterated Ammonium Dihydrogen Phosphate (DADP)p. 186
RbH2PO4, Rubidium Dihydrogen Phosphate (RDP)p. 188
RbD2PO4, Deuterated Rubidium Dihydrogen Phosphate (DRDP)p. 192
KH2AsO4, Potassium Dihydrogen Arsenate (KDA)p. 192
KD2AsO4, Deuterated Potassium Dihydrogen Arsenate (DKDA)p. 195
NH4H2ASO4, Ammonium Dihydrogen Arsenate (ADA)p. 196
NH4D2AsO4, Deuterated Ammonium Dihydrogen Arsenate (DADA)p. 198
RbH2AsO4, Rubidium Dihydrogen Arsenate (RDA)p. 199
RbD2AsO4, Deuterated Rubidium Dihydrogen Arsenate (DRDA)p. 202
LiCOOH · H2O, Lithium Formate Monohydrate (LFM)p. 204
NaCOOH, Sodium Formatep. 207
Ba(COOH)2, Barium Formatep. 209
Sr(COOH)2, Strontium Formatep. 210
Sr(COO?)2 · 2H2O, Strontium Formate Dihydratep. 211
LiGaO2, Lithium Gallium Oxidep. 213
¿-HIO3, ¿-Iodic Acidp. 214
K2La(NO3)5 · 2H2O, Potassium Lanthanum Nitrate Dihydrate (KLN)p. 217
CsTiOAsO4, Cesium Titanyl Arsenate (CTA)p. 220
NaNO2, Sodium Nitritep. 221
Ba2NaNb5O15, Barium Sodium Niobate ("Banana")p. 224
K2Ce(NO3)5 · 2H2O, Potassium Cerium Nitrate Dihydrate (KCN)p. 227
K3Li2Nb5O15, Potassium Lithium Niobatep. 229
HgGa2S4, Mercury Thiogallatep. 231
HgS, Cinnibarp. 233
Ag3SbS3, Pyrargyritep. 235
Se, Seleniump. 236
Tl3AsS3, Thallium Arsenic Selenide (TAS)p. 238
Te, Telluriump. 240
Other Organic Nonlinear Optical Crystalsp. 243
C12H22O11, Sucrose (Saccharose)p. 243
L-Arginine Phosphate Monohydrate (LAP)p. 245
Deuterated L-Arginine Phosphate Monohydrate (DLAP)p. 247
L-Pyrrolidone-2-carboxylic Acid (L-PCA)p. 250
CaC4H4O6 · 4H2O, Calcium Tartrate Tetrahydrate (L-CTT)p. 251
(NH4)2C2O4 · H2O, Ammonium Oxalate (AO)p. 253
m-Bis(aminomethyl)benzene (BAMB)p. 254
3-Methoxy-4-hydroxy-benzaldehyde (MHBA)p. 256
2-Furyl Methacrylic Anhydride (FMA)p. 258
3-Methyl-4-nitropyridine-1-oxide (POM)p. 259
Thienylchalcone (T-17)p. 261
5-Nitrouracil (5NU)p. 263
2-(N-Prolinol)-5-nitropyridine (PNP)p. 265
2-Cyclooctylamino-5-nitropyridine (COANP)p. 266
L-N-(5-Nitro-2-pyridyl) leucinol (NPLO)p. 268
C6H4(NO2)2, m-Dinitrobenzene (MDNB)p. 270
4-(N,N-Dimethylamino)-3-acetamidonitrobenzene (DAN)p. 272
Methyl-(2,4-dinitrophenyl)-aminopropanoate (MAP)p. 274
m-Nitroaniline (MNA)p. 276
N-(4-Nitrophenyl)-N-methylaminoacetonitrile (NPAN)p. 278
N-(4-Nitrophenyl)-L-prolinol (NPP)p. 280
3-Methyl-4-methoxy-4'-nitrostilbene (MMONS)p. 281
Properties of Crystalline Quartz (¿-SiO2)p. 283
New Developmentsp. 286
Applications of Nonlinear Crystalsp. 289
Generation of Neodymium Laser Harmonicsp. 289
Second-Harmonic Generation of Neodymium Laser Radiation in Inorganic Crystalsp. 289
Second-Harmonic Generation of 1,064 ¿m Radiation in Organic Crystalsp. 294
Intracavity SHGp. 296
Third-Harmonic Generationp. 298
Fourth-Harmonic Generationp. 301
Fifth-Harmonic Generationp. 301
Harmonic Generation of 1,318 ¿m Radiationp. 304
Harmonic Generation of High-Power Large-Aperture Neodymium Glass Laser Radiationp. 306
"Angle-Detuning" Schemep. 306
"Polarization-Mismatch" Schemep. 306
"Polarization-Bypass" Schemep. 308
Comparison of Schemesp. 308
Experimental Resultsp. 308
"Quadrature" Schemep. 310
Harmonic Generation for Other Laser Sourcesp. 311
Ruby Laserp. 311
Ti:sapphire Laserp. 312
Semiconductor Lasersp. 312
Dye Lasersp. 315
Gas Lasersp. 320
Iodine Laserp. 321
CO2 Laserp. 324
Other Lasersp. 324
Frequency Conversion of Femtosecond Pulsesp. 326
Sum-Frequency Generationp. 327
Up-Conversion to the UV Regionp. 328
Infrared Up-Conversionp. 333
Up-Conversion of CO2 Laser Radiation to the Near IR and Visible Regionsp. 336
Difference Frequency Generationp. 339
DFG in the Visible Regionp. 339
DFG in the Mid IR Regionp. 340
DFG in the Far IR Regionp. 344
Optical Parametric Oscillationp. 345
OPO in the UV, Visible, and Near IR Spectral Regionsp. 345
OPO in the Mid IR Regionp. 359
Conversion of OPO Radiation to the UV Regionp. 360
Stimulated Raman Scattering and Picosecond Continuum Generation in Crystalsp. 362
Referencesp. 367
Appendix: List of Commonly Used Laser Wavelengthsp. 405
Subject Indexp. 407
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783540653943
ISBN-10: 3540653945
Series: Springer Series in Optical Sciences
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 414
Published: 21st July 1999
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 24.77 x 16.51  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 0.77
Edition Number: 3
Edition Type: Revised