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Handbook of Neurochemistry and Molecular Neurobiology : Neuroimmunology :  Neuroimmunology - Armen Galoyan

Handbook of Neurochemistry and Molecular Neurobiology : Neuroimmunology

Neuroimmunology

By: Armen Galoyan (Editor), Hugo Besedovsky (Editor), Abel Lajtha (Editor)

Hardcover Published: October 2007
ISBN: 9780387303581
Number Of Pages: 495

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Neuroimmunology is one of the most rapidly developing branches of Neurobiology, prompted by novel neurochemical, neuroendocrinological and neurophysiological investigations of the central and peripheral nervous system including neuro-endocrine systems. Neuroimmunology can be considered an interdisciplinary science that covers relevant aspects of how the peripheral immune system can influence brain physiology and elicit neuro-endocrine immuno-regulatory responses and also how local interactions between immune and neuronal mediators of the brain influence the occurrence and course of neuropathologic diseases. That explains the reason why we have in this volume chapters that focus on immune-neuro-endocrine interactions underlying the control and regulation of processes involved in both immune and brain physiology and in the pathogenesis of different nervous diseases. Among such diseases are: schizophrenia, HIV, associated dementia, rheumatoid arthritis, several experimental pathologies, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune encephalomyelitis, Theilers virus infection, nervous system demyelination diseases, the primary degenerative disorders such as Alzheimera (TM)s and Parkinsona (TM)s as well as brain injuries resulting from stroke and trauma, the neuroimmunology of gene therapy, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, prion disease and all theoretical questions covering these pathologies. All of the above mentioned involve autoimmune processes.

It is difficult, indeed, to imagine fundamental neurobiological processes, autoimmune, neuroendocrine and infectious diseases, where immune factors are not of prime importance. The elucidation of the intimate molecular-biological problems of immunopathologies requires deep knowledge of the intricate connection between immunomodulators, immune competent cells of blood, brain, and other organs.

This volume contains data on multiple immunomodulators, many of which are also the products of hypothalamic brain cell neurosecretion. Interleukins (IL-1a, IL-1A, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, TNFa), immunophylin and ubiquitin as well as proline rich peptides, comprised of 10-15 amino acids are being produced in N. Supraopticus and N. Paraventricularis and then secreted into neurohypophysis. Along the neurosecretion of the mentioned cytokines, there are other immunomodulators, the primary structure of which had been completely deciphered such as: Immunophyllins, intracellular receptors of immunosuppressors FK506, cyclosporine A., rapamicin. They are peptidyl-prolyl-cis-trans-isomerases. There are novel immunological hypothalamic factors such as ubiquitin, macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), as well as Thymosin A 4(1-39). This data allowed us to propose the concept of neuroendocrine immune system of the brain.

From the reviews of the third edition:

"A new edition of the Handbook of Neurochemistry and Molecular Neurobiology has now been issued in 25 volumes. It contains fundamental data on current molecular neurobiology, neuroimmunology, and neuropathology. This is the first time that the series contain Neuroimmunology, which summarizes achievements in neurochemistry, neuroendocrinology, neurophysiology, and the pathology of the nervous system. ... This book presents research performed by scientists in various countries. ... a handbook for scientists, students, and clinicians." (K. G. Gevorgyan, Neurochemical Journal, Vol. 3 (1), 2009)

Prefacep. v
Contributorsp. xi
Neuro-Endocrine Immunoregulation
Brain Cytokines as Integrators of the Immune-Neuroendocrine Networkp. 1
Neuropeptides in the Immune System: Mediators of Stress and Inflammationp. 19
Effects of the Immune System on Brain Neurochemistryp. 37
Age-Related Alterations in Autonomic Nervous System Innervation of Lymphoid Tissuep. 61
Drugs that Target Sympathetic-Immune Pathways for Treatment of Autoimmune Diseasesp. 83
Neuro-Immune Associative Learningp. 123
The Brain's Immune System
The Brain Immune System: Chemistry and Biology of the Signal Moleculesp. 151
The Dialect of Immune System in the CNS: The Nervous Tissue as an Immune Compartment for T Cells and Dendritic Cellsp. 197
Immunoproteasome Activity in the Nervous Systemp. 223
Regulation of the Inflammatory Response in Brainp. 235
Evolutionary Origins of the Brain's Immune Privilege. Implications for Novel Therapeutic Approaches: Gene Therapyp. 263
Adenosine: An Endogenous Regulator of the Brain Immune Systemp. 283
Neuroimmune Cross Talkp. 293
Role of Glia in CNS Inflammationp. 309
Neuro-Immune Mechanisms of Brain Disease
Autoimmune Processes in the Central Nervous Systemp. 331
Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitisp. 355
Immunological Aspects of Central Nervous System Demyelinationp. 379
The Inflammatory Component of Neurodegenerative Diseasesp. 395
Mechanisms of Inflammation in HIV-associated Dementiap. 407
Role of Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase in Brain Inflammation and Neuroinjuryp. 427
Schizophrenia and Immune Responsesp. 467
Indexp. 489
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780387303581
ISBN-10: 0387303588
Series: Springer Reference
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 495
Published: October 2007
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.61 x 17.42  x 2.46
Weight (kg): 1.06
Edition Number: 3
Edition Type: Revised