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Handbook of Mobile Radio Networks : Mobile Communications Library - Sami Tabbane

Handbook of Mobile Radio Networks

Mobile Communications Library

Hardcover Published: 31st January 2000
ISBN: 9781580530095
Number Of Pages: 636

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A system-level treatment of the total realm of mobile radio communications, covering both the basic concepts and the systems themselves, to help the reader improve performance, increase productivity and save time. Part One, "Basic Concepts", provides a concise introduction to the main topics and techniques involved in mobile radio systems. It covers classic areas such as propagation and signal processing, as well as more recent techniques and concepts such as security, planning, and mobility management. In Part Two, "The Systems", there is an inside look at all categories of terrestrial mobile radio systems. Again it covers both traditional topics such as cellular and cordless systems, and more recent, such as mobile radio communications systems, paging, or radio data network systems. In fact all relevant standards are dealt with: TETRA, DECT, PHS, GSM, IS-95, PDC, CDPD, IEEE 802.11, and HYPERLAN. It demonstrates how to link budget calculations, determine the impact of mobility signalling on the network signalling load, design handover procedures and plan for cellular and capacity increases.

General Introductionp. 1
History and Developmentp. 2
Phase One: Theoretical Foundationsp. 2
Second Phase: Development and Applicationsp. 2
Third Phase: Mobile Services for the General Publicp. 4
Evolution of Mobile Systemsp. 5
Equipment Developmentp. 6
Differences Between Fixed Networks and Mobile Networksp. 8
Limited Spectrump. 8
Fluctuating Quality of Radio Linksp. 8
Unknown and Variable Access Pointsp. 8
Management of the Spectrum and Standardizationp. 9
International Organizationsp. 9
European Organizationsp. 10
Some U.S. Organizationsp. 11
Contents of the Bookp. 11
First Part (Chapters 2-8)p. 11
Second Part (Chapters 9-14)p. 12
Frequency Bands and Some Services and Applicationsp. 14
Referencesp. 15
Selected Bibliographyp. 15
Propagation in a Mobile Radio Environmentp. 17
Antenna Basic Elementsp. 18
Principal Antenna Characteristicsp. 19
Common Antennasp. 23
Coupling Loss Between Antennasp. 25
Parameters to Be Specified When Designing or Selecting Antennasp. 26
Power (Link) Budgetp. 27
Mobile Radio Propagationp. 27
Pathlossp. 29
Attenuation Caused by Vegetationp. 32
Attenuation Due to Atmospherep. 32
Diffraction and Fresnel Regionp. 33
Multipathp. 33
Delay-spreadp. 34
Rayleigh Fadingp. 39
Doppler Shiftp. 45
Indoor Environment Propagation Characteristicsp. 46
Propagation in Dense Urban Environmentsp. 47
Conclusionsp. 48
Interference and Noisep. 48
Noisep. 48
Interferencep. 49
Propagation Prediction Modelsp. 53
Statistical Methodsp. 54
Exact Methods and Ray Tracing/Launchingp. 62
Conclusionsp. 69
Noise That Can Affect Radio Receptionp. 70
Internal Noise Sourcesp. 70
External Noise Sourcesp. 71
Decibelsp. 72
Determination of the Plane Earth Propagation Formulap. 73
Referencesp. 74
Selected Bibliographyp. 76
Access--Radio Channel Definitions and Resource Accessp. 77
Multiple-Access Methodsp. 78
Definitions--Narrowband and Wideband Systemsp. 78
Frequency-Division Multiple Accessp. 82
Time-Division Multiple Accessp. 83
Code-Division Multiple Accessp. 88
Conclusionsp. 100
Random Access Protocolsp. 100
Protocols Nonslotted and Without Carrier Sensingp. 103
Carrier Sensing Protocolsp. 104
Non-Sensing Slotted Protocolsp. 110
Reservation-Based Framed Protocolsp. 113
Conclusionsp. 116
TDMA System Measures of Efficiencyp. 117
Throughputs of Some Random Access Protocolsp. 119
Referencesp. 120
Selected Bibliographyp. 120
Protecting Against Channel Imperfectionsp. 123
Mechanisms Implemented in the Transmission Systemp. 124
Review of the Transmission Systemp. 124
Modulationp. 125
Error Control: ARQ and FECp. 131
Equalizationp. 143
Interleavingp. 146
Diversity Techniquesp. 147
Microdiversity Techniquesp. 148
Macrodiversity Techniquesp. 151
Adaptive Antennasp. 152
Array Antennasp. 152
Smart Antennasp. 153
Space-Division Multiple Access Technique (SDMA)p. 155
Advantages and Drawbacks of Array Antennasp. 158
Conclusionsp. 159
Referencesp. 159
Selected Bibliographyp. 160
Securityp. 163
Definitions and General Problemsp. 163
Complexity of the Problemp. 164
Intrinsic and Extrinsic Protectionp. 165
Attacks and Origin of Security Problemsp. 165
Security Services and Mechanisms as Defined in the OSI Modelp. 168
Confidentiality Problemsp. 168
Confidentiality Levelsp. 168
Data to Be Protectedp. 169
Protection Methodsp. 169
Communications Confidentiality: Ciphering or Encryptionp. 171
Location Confidentiality by Use of Implicit Addressesp. 180
Access Security: Integrity and Authenticationp. 180
Personalization and Telepersonalizationp. 185
Some Methods in the Struggle Against Fraudp. 187
Conclusionsp. 189
Examples of Security Feature Implementationp. 190
Authentication in the CT2 and DECT Systemsp. 190
Authentication in Cellular Systemsp. 192
Conclusions--Future Systems Security Featuresp. 198
Cryptographic Key Distribution Methodsp. 199
Referencesp. 201
Selected Bibliographyp. 202
Selected Bibliography on Cryptographyp. 203
Resource Management in Cellular Systemsp. 205
Historyp. 206
The Cellular Conceptp. 207
Frequency Reusep. 207
Reuse Distance and Number of Cells per Clusterp. 209
Capacitiesp. 222
Link Budgetp. 223
Conclusionsp. 229
System Capacity Expansion Techniques and Network Quality Improvementp. 229
Frequency Hoppingp. 230
Discontinuous Transmission and Packet Transmission Modep. 231
Power Controlp. 233
Dynamic Channel Allocationp. 235
Basic Cellular System Architecturep. 237
The Network Subsystemp. 238
The BSSp. 239
Referencesp. 243
Selected Bibliographyp. 244
Cellular Planning and Engineeringp. 247
Cellular Planning Elementsp. 248
Importance of the Cellular Planning Processp. 248
Objectives and Problems in Cellular Planningp. 248
Coverage Objectivesp. 250
Main Stepsp. 250
Traffic Dimensioning Basicsp. 251
Traffic Load Predictionp. 252
Quality of Service Parametersp. 260
Cell Dimensioningp. 263
Dimensioning Process for a GSM Networkp. 265
Conclusionp. 266
Planning Stages of a Cellular Networkp. 267
Radio Planningp. 267
Fixed Network Planningp. 278
Conclusionp. 283
System Tuning: Example of the GSM BSSp. 284
Increasing the Capacity of a Cellular Networkp. 288
Adding New Channelsp. 289
Channel Borrowingp. 291
Modification of the Cell Reuse Patternp. 292
Cell Splittingp. 293
Sectorizationp. 295
Down-Tiltingp. 295
Cell Layeringp. 297
Trends Toward the Microcellular Techniquesp. 299
Capacity Solutions Comparisonp. 299
Conclusionsp. 300
Quality of Servicep. 301
Erlang Formulasp. 303
Erlang Table Examplep. 306
Referencesp. 308
Selected Bibliographyp. 309
Mobility Managementp. 311
Management of Radio Mobility: The Handover Procedurep. 312
Basic Handover Principlep. 314
Growing Importance of the Handover Procedurep. 314
The Various Handover Phasesp. 316
Various Kinds of Handover Seen by the Networkp. 324
Evaluation of the Handover Procedurep. 327
Handover Trafficp. 331
Handover Procedures in Analog Systemsp. 331
Handover in Second-Generation Systemsp. 332
Handover in Third-Generation Systemsp. 333
Conclusionp. 333
Network Mobility: Cell Selection and Roamingp. 334
Cell Selection/Reselection Processp. 334
Location Managementp. 336
Mobility Management in the Fixed and Mobile Networks: The UPT Conceptp. 352
Conclusionsp. 354
Location Management Methods for Third-Generation Systemsp. 355
Memoryless Methodsp. 356
Database Architecturep. 356
Optimizing Fixed Network Architecturep. 356
Combining Location Areas and Paging Areasp. 357
Multi-layer LAsp. 357
A Procedure for Reducing Signaling Message Exchangesp. 359
Memory-Based Methodsp. 359
Short-Term Observation for Dynamic LA and PA Sizes Assigning/Adjustingp. 359
Individual User Patternsp. 360
Predicting Short-Term Movements of the Subscriberp. 361
Mobility Statisticsp. 361
Main UPT Featuresp. 362
Referencesp. 364
Selected Bibliographyp. 367
Professional Mobile Radiop. 369
Historic and General Backgroundp. 370
Definition and General Backgroundp. 371
PMR Categories According to User Needsp. 371
Categorization of Users and Organizationsp. 375
PMR General Categorizationp. 375
PMR Categorization According to Their Operationp. 376
PMR Servicesp. 377
PMR Characteristicsp. 377
Services Offeredp. 379
Conclusionp. 382
Conventional PMR Systemsp. 382
Architecture of Conventional Radio Networksp. 382
Weaknesses of Conventional Radio Systemsp. 389
Trunk Radio Networksp. 390
History of Trunked Systemsp. 390
Efficiency of the Trunking Methodp. 390
Trunking Architecturep. 391
Engineeringp. 398
TETRAp. 399
TETRAPOLp. 413
Conventional PMRs Comparison/Analog Trunk/Digital Trunkp. 418
Short-Range Business Radiop. 418
PMR Evolutionp. 419
Referencesp. 420
Selected Bibliographyp. 420
Cordless Systems and Applicationsp. 421
Basic Principles and Applicationsp. 422
Characteristicsp. 423
Applicationsp. 425
Examples of Cordless Systemsp. 433
CT2p. 433
DECTp. 441
PHSp. 450
PACS Systemp. 454
Conclusionsp. 459
Referencesp. 461
Selected Bibliographyp. 461
Paging Systemsp. 463
Concepts and Basic Principlesp. 464
Architecturep. 465
Signaling Methodsp. 467
Transmission Channelsp. 468
Servicesp. 469
Engineeringp. 470
Examples of One-Way Paging Systemsp. 476
Eurosignalp. 476
POCSAGp. 478
Ermesp. 482
Conclusionsp. 494
Referencesp. 495
Cellular Networksp. 497
First-Generation Systemsp. 499
Radiocom 2000 Systemp. 500
AMPSp. 505
NMT Systemp. 509
Second-Generation Systemsp. 513
The GSM Systemp. 513
The D-AMPS Systemp. 522
The IS-95 Systemp. 524
Personal Digital Cellular Systemp. 532
Conclusionsp. 539
GSM Functionality in Its Different Phasesp. 540
Referencesp. 542
Wireless Data Networksp. 543
Wireless Local Area Networksp. 544
Types of Wireless LAN Systemsp. 545
Classification According to the Technique Usedp. 545
Wireless LANs Applicationsp. 548
The HIPERLAN Standardp. 549
The 802.11 Standardp. 557
Conclusionp. 562
Wide Area Wireless Data Networksp. 563
Types of Systems and Evolutionp. 563
ARDISp. 564
The Mobitex Systemp. 565
Cellular Digital Packet Datap. 571
General Packet Radio Servicep. 576
Conclusionsp. 583
Referencesp. 584
Selected Bibliographyp. 585
About The Authorp. 587
Indexp. 589
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781580530095
ISBN-10: 1580530095
Series: Mobile Communications Library
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 636
Published: 31st January 2000
Publisher: Artech House Publishers
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 3.9
Weight (kg): 1.1