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Handbook of Compost Science and Technology : Volume 8 - C. Golueke

Handbook of Compost Science and Technology

Volume 8

Hardcover

Published: 1st June 2007
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Composting is a widely used biological process for the management of some wastes produced in communities and agricultural activities, which have experienced substantial growth during the last few years. Because this and the knowledge of composting has increased, the number of composting facilities has increased tremendously, especially in some European countries. Interest has also increased in several countries in other regions of the world. This book attempts to summarize some of the most important work conducted during the last few years under one cover. The contributions to the publication are made by some of the most qualified professionals in the world and present the information in a clear and objective manner. The readers will find the information very useful and will be helpful in the design of new facilities and organic recycling programs.
* Up-to-date contributions by some of the most knowledgeable and respected leaders in the field
* Clear and objective presentations, which are arranged in such a way that it is not necessary to read the entire book
* Information is supported by data, tables and references
* Covers most important aspects of the process including a brief historical review
* May be used by teachers as well as practicioners in the field

Prefacep. vii
Contributorsp. ix
Introductionp. 1
Principlesp. 1
The Role of Compostingp. 3
Conclusionsp. 4
Referencesp. 4
History of Compostingp. 7
Neolithic Period and Early Civilizationsp. 7
Twentieth Centuryp. 8
Referencesp. 20
Microbiology of the Composting Processp. 25
Introductionp. 26
Definition of Composting (Process) and of Compost (Product)p. 26
The Substratesp. 27
Composting as a Discontinuous Processp. 31
The Microorganisms Involvedp. 34
Carbon and Nitrogen Balancep. 38
Advanced Microbiological Analyses for Maturity Determinationp. 41
Referencesp. 45
Factors that Affect the Processp. 49
Substratesp. 49
Environmental Factorsp. 53
Course of the Processp. 58
Indicatorsp. 60
Determination of Degree of Stabilityp. 61
Referencesp. 64
Systems Used in Compostingp. 67
Introductionp. 67
Purpose of Equipmentp. 67
Guidelines for System Selectionp. 69
General Classification of Composting Systemsp. 70
Post-Processingp. 87
Referencesp. 87
Design of Composting Plantsp. 89
Public Acceptancep. 90
Lifespan of Industrial Buildingsp. 90
Economics of Designp. 91
Interdisciplinary Teamworkp. 92
Urbanism and Regional Planningp. 93
Sitingp. 94
Trafficp. 96
Ecological, Climatic, and Regional Aspectsp. 96
Accessibilityp. 97
Building Configurationp. 98
Design of Open-Air Spacep. 103
Construction and Corrosionp. 104
Flooringp. 107
Protection for the Construction Partsp. 109
The Roofp. 109
The Facadesp. 111
Influence of Different Composting Systems on Architecturep. 113
Administration Buildingp. 114
Fire Preventionp. 115
Acousticsp. 116
Lightingp. 116
Ecological Aspectsp. 116
Referencesp. 117
Quality and Agronomic Use of Compostp. 119
Introductionp. 119
Soil Fertility and its Improvementp. 121
Referencesp. 141
Evaluation of Hazards to the Food Chainp. 146
Vermicomposts from Organic Wastep. 152
Bioremediationp. 159
Biodegradation by Composting of Toxic Moleculesp. 159
Decontamination of Soilsp. 171
Conclusionsp. 173
Referencesp. 173
Pathogenic Agentsp. 177
General Remarksp. 177
Bacteriap. 180
Virusesp. 180
Fungip. 182
Parasitesp. 182
Hygienizationp. 184
Regrowth Preventionp. 194
Indicatorsp. 194
Referencesp. 198
Suppression of Soil-Borne Phytopathogens by Compostp. 201
Introductionp. 201
Production of Disease-Suppressive Compostp. 202
Use of Suppressive Compostp. 208
Concluding Remarksp. 211
Acknowledgmentsp. 212
Referencesp. 212
Odor Emissions from Composting Plantsp. 215
Introductionp. 215
Odor Definition, Measurement, and Generationp. 216
Determination of Odor Flow Rates and Odorant Immissionp. 227
Assessment and Comparison of Odor Datap. 236
Modular Types of Composting Systems and their Respective Odor Emissionsp. 241
Air Ventilation in Composting Plantsp. 267
Preparation of Dimensioning Sheets for Odor Calculation in Composting Plantsp. 272
Odor Immission Cases in Composting Plantsp. 280
Summary and Outlookp. 295
Referencesp. 296
Modular Types: Dimensioning Sheetsp. 301
Marketing of Compostsp. 325
Introductionp. 326
Markets for Compostp. 326
Limitations on Use of the Compost Productp. 332
Market Developmentp. 339
The Real Economic Dimension of the Compost Market in Key EU Countriesp. 344
Quality Certification and Labeling for Compost in the European Unionp. 348
Referencesp. 353
Indexp. 357
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780080439600
ISBN-10: 0080439608
Series: Waste Management
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 380
Published: 1st June 2007
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.0 x 16.5  x 2.08
Weight (kg): 0.84