Gypsies have lived in England since the early sixteenth century, yet considerable confusion and disagreement remain over the precise identity of the group. The question 'Who are the Gypsies?' is still asked and the debates about the positioning and permanence of the boundary between Gypsy and non-Gypsy are contested as fiercely today as at any time before.
This study locates these debates in their historical perspective, tracing the origins and reproduction of the various ways of defining and representing the Gypsy from the early sixteenth century to the present day. Starting with a consideration of the early modern description of Gypsies as Egyptians, land pirates and vagabonds, the volume goes on to examine the racial classification of the nineteenth century and the emergence of the ethnic Gypsy in the twentieth century. The book closes with an exploration of the long-lasting image of the group as vagrant and parasitic nuisances which spans the whole period from 1500 to 2000.
'Gypsy Identities is informative, thought provoking and innovative, and should find a home in every university research library, and on bookshelves in the homes of many Gypsies, Gypsy scholars, politicians and public servants. It will provide a great stimulus for seminar discussions about Gypsies, and not just in Gypsy studies courses. Gypsy Identities also has merit as a potential standard work in multicultural studies, and should be considered for adoption for either teaching or reference purposes across the social sciences and humanities.' - David J. Nemeth, Romani Studies 'Be warned: Gypsy Identities 1500-2000 (Taylor and Francis), by David Mayall, challenges the grand narrative, as postmodernists would say, of the great-Roma-trek-from-India discourse' - David Altheer, The Times
1. The forming of Gypsy Identities 2. Gypsy Studies and Socially Constructed Identities 3. Egyptians, Land-Pirates, Moon-men and Vagabonds : the Gypsy in Early Modern England 4. Race: the evolution of an idea 5. Constructing the true Romany: Gypsy racial identity from the late eighteenth to the twentieth century 6. The Origins of the Real Romany Gypsy: from Heinrich Grellmann to the Gypsy Lorists 7. Ethnicity: the concept 8. Constructing the Ethnic Gypsy 9. Nuisances, Dead Dogs And Gypsies 10. So, who are the Gypsies?