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Growing Greener : Putting Conservation Into Local Plans And Ordinances - Randall G. Arendt

Growing Greener

Putting Conservation Into Local Plans And Ordinances

Paperback Published: 1st November 1999
ISBN: 9781559637428
Number Of Pages: 261

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Growing Greener is an illustrated workbook that presents a new look at designing subdivisions while preserving green space and creating open space networks. Randall Arendt explains how to design residential developments that maximize land conservation without reducing overall building density, thus avoiding the political and legal problems often associated with "down-zoning."

The author offers a three-pronged strategy for shaping growth around a community's special natural and cultural features, demonstrating ways of establishing or modifying the municipal comprehensive plan, zoning ordinance, and subdivision ordinance to include a strong conservation focus. Open space protection becomes the central organizing principle for new residential development, and the open space that is protected is laid out to form an interconnected system of protected lands running across a community.

The book offers:

  • detailed information on how to conduct a community resource inventory
  • a four-step approach to designing conservation subdivisions
  • extensive model language for comprehensive plans, subdivision ordinances, and zoning ordinances
  • illustrated design principles for hamlets, villages, and traditional small town neighborhoods

In addition, Growing Greener includes eleven case studies of actual conservation developments in nine states, and two exercises suitable for group participation. Case studies include: Ringfield, Chadds Ford Township, Pennsylvania; The Fields of St. Croix, City of Lake Elmo, Minnesota; Prairie Crossing, Grayslake, Illinois; The Meadows at Dolly Gordon Brook, York, Maine; Farmcolony, Standsville, Virginia; The Ranch at Roaring Fork, Carbondale, Colorado; and others.

Growing Greener builds upon and expands the basic ideas presented in Arendt's earlier work Conservation Design for Subdivisions, broadening the scope to include more detailed sections on the comprehensive planning process and information on how zoning ordinances can be updated to incorporate the concept of conservation design. It is the first practical publication to explain in detail how resource-conserving development techniques can be put into practice by municipal officials, residential developers, and site designers, and it offers a simple and straightforward approach to balancing opportunities for developers and conservationists.

Foreword: The Growing Greener Programp. xiii
Preface: Designing Land Development from a Bird's Perspective (Among Others)p. xix
Introduction: How This Book Can Help Youp. xxiii
Contextp. 1
Growth and Development Trendsp. 1
Our Natural and Cultural Heritagep. 3
Growing Greener Applicability in a Wide Variety of Density Situationsp. 4
Reasons for Updating Plans and Codes to Include a Conservation Focusp. 4
Frequently Asked Questions About Conservation Subdivision Designp. 5
How Your Community Can Choose Its Own Futurep. 7
The Community Audit Processp. 8
Numerical Analysisp. 9
Written Review of Ordinances and Private Conservation Effortsp. 9
Build-Out Mapsp. 14
Eight Self-Diagnostic Questions for Community Leadersp. 15
Comprehensive Plan Updatep. 19
Understanding the Importance of Comprehensive Plansp. 19
Five Parts of the Plan on Which to Focusp. 20
The Community Resource Inventory: Varying Degrees of Completenessp. 21
The Community Resource Inventory: Nine Elements to Be Includedp. 22
Official Maps of Conservation Lands, Parklands, and Trailsp. 24
Community-Wide Map of Potential Conservation Landsp. 24
Plan Language Regarding Implementation Through Ordinancesp. 26
Conservation Zoning Techniquesp. 29
A Choice of Options for Conservation and Developmentp. 30
About the District Typesp. 31
Illustrative Examples of the Various Options in a Rural Zoning Districtp. 34
Preexisting Zoning Requirements: Baseline Examplep. 35
Notes About Lot Sizes in Options 1 Through 5p. 35
Neutral Density and Basic Conservationp. 36
Enhanced Conservation and Densityp. 36
Estate Lotsp. 37
Country Propertiesp. 37
Village Design with Greenbeltp. 39
Combining the Options on a Single Propertyp. 40
How Densities Are Determinedp. 40
Applying Density Factorsp. 41
The Yield Planp. 43
Dimensional Standards for House Lots in Conservation Subdivisionsp. 43
Lot Size and Valuep. 44
Appearance and Community Characterp. 45
Accommodating Wells and Septic Disposal Systemsp. 46
Density Bonuses to Further Certain Public Objectivesp. 48
Encouraging Public Usagep. 49
Endowing Management Costsp. 49
Encouraging Housing Affordabilityp. 49
Standards for Ownership, Protection, and Management of Conservation Landsp. 50
Ownership of Conservation Landsp. 50
Ensuring Permanent Protection of Conservation Landsp. 51
Management of Conservation Landsp. 52
Conservation Subdivisions: Application Documents, Design Process, and Conservation Land Design Standardsp. 53
Basic Required Application Documentsp. 54
Site Context Mapp. 54
Existing Resources/Site Analysis Mapp. 54
Elements of Existing Resources/Site Analysis Maps: Significance and Sourcesp. 55
Wetlandsp. 55
Floodplainsp. 56
Slopesp. 56
Soilsp. 56
Significant Wildlife Habitatsp. 57
Woodlands and Vegetation Patternsp. 58
Farmlandp. 59
Historic, Archaeological, and Cultural Featuresp. 60
Views Into and Out from the Sitep. 61
Groundwater Resources and Their Recharge Areasp. 62
Integrating the Information Layers and Ranking Site Features for Conservation Priorityp. 62
Ranking Site Features for Conservation Priorityp. 63
Special Procedural Steps Recommended for Conservation Subdivisionsp. 64
The Four-Step Approach to Designing Conservation Subdivisionsp. 65
"Yield Plan" to Determine Densityp. 66
Identifying Conservation Areasp. 67
Locating the House Sitesp. 68
Aligning Streets and Trailsp. 70
Drawing in the Lot Linesp. 71
Note on Design Sequence for Village Layoutsp. 72
Technical Notes on Street Designp. 72
Preserving Rural Character Through "Foreground Meadows"p. 74
Design of Conservation Landsp. 74
Location of Conservation Landsp. 75
Layout of Conservation Landsp. 75
Prioritizing Site Resource Areas for Conservationp. 77
Benefits of Conservation Planning and Designp. 79
Environmental and Ecological Benefitsp. 79
Wildlife Managementp. 80
Greater Water Quality Protection Through Improved Buffersp. 80
Greater Aquifer Recharge Through Improved Stormwater Managementp. 81
Environmentally Sensitive Sewage Treatment and Disposalp. 81
Social and Recreational Benefitsp. 84
Pedestrian-Friendly Neighborhoodsp. 84
Community Activitiesp. 85
Community-Wide Greenways and Trailsp. 85
Communities with Multiple Conservation Subdivisionsp. 85
Model for the Midwestp. 87
Economic Benefitsp. 88
Lower Costsp. 88
Marketing and Sales Advantagesp. 88
Value Appreciationp. 89
Reduced Demand for New Public Parklandp. 90
Smoother Reviewp. 90
Examples of Subdivisions with Substantial Conservation Areasp. 91
Ringfield, Chadds Ford Township, Pennsylvaniap. 92
The Ponds at Woodward, Kennett Township, Pennsylvaniap. 93
The Fields of St. Croix, City of Lake Elmo, Minnesotap. 95
Prairie Crossing, Grayslake, Illinoisp. 97
The Preserve at Hunter's Lake, Ottawa Township, Wisconsinp. 99
The Meadows at Dolly Gordon Brook, York, Mainep. 101
Farmcolony, Stanardsville, Virginiap. 104
Westwood Common, Beverly Hills, Michiganp. 106
Hunter's Pointe and Solitude Pointe, Hamburg Township, Michiganp. 108
The Ranch at Roaring Fork, Carbondale, Coloradop. 109
Village Homes, Davis, Californiap. 112
Community-Wide Map of Potential Conservation Landsp. 115
Resource Data Layersp. 116
The Exercise: Combining Data Layers to Create an Integrated Mapp. 123
Laying Out a Conservation Subdivisionp. 125
The Site: Riparian Woodlands and Meadowsp. 125
Site Analysis Phasep. 127
Design Phasep. 128
One Solution to Design Exercise 2p. 132
Note on Scale and Density: Applying This Example in Townships with One-Acre Zoningp. 133
Frequently Asked Questions About Conservation Subdivision Designp. 135
Model Comprehensive Plan Languagep. 143
Zoning Ordinance Refinementsp. 144
Subdivision Ordinance Refinementsp. 147
Model Ordinance Language for Conservation Subdivisionsp. 151
Zoning Ordinance Languagep. 151
Conservation Design Overlay Districtp. 151
Subdivision Ordinance Languagep. 167
Plan Content Requirementsp. 167
Plan Processing Proceduresp. 174
Resource Conservation and Greenway Delineation Standardsp. 182
Supplemental Design Standards for Option 5 Hamlets and Villagesp. 189
Suggested Further Readingp. 223
About the Authorp. 227
Indexp. 229
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781559637428
ISBN-10: 1559637420
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 261
Published: 1st November 1999
Publisher: ISLAND PR
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 21.6 x 28.0  x 1.73
Weight (kg): 0.62
Edition Number: 2