As inequality grows rapidly both in post-industrial societies and in the high-growth economies of the developing world, its centrality and ubiquity among problems of interest to social scientists is becoming only more apparent. And among all of inequality's causes and manifestations, access to education is key to understanding and combating it, both for improving a person's individual life chances and for increasing countries' national wealth.
In Growing Gaps, Paul Attewell and Katherine S. Newman bring together an impressive group of scholars to closely examine the relationship between inequality and education. Indeed as many countries grow economically, it is unclear whether this growth leads directly to increased opportunity or more ferocious competition and thus more severe inequality. In many growing economies there has been a staggering growth of private higher education as demand for opportunity has outpaced supply, and families who must fund this human capital accumulation are only burdened with more and more debt. Outlining the world-wide race for educational advantage, this volume takes a comparative approach, aiming to not only describe various nations' systems of education, but weave them together in a larger network of stratification. Covering almost every continent, Growing Gaps provides an overarching and essential examination of who is actually able to benefit from economic growth and who, because of the educational demands it brings about, it shuts out. The book will serve as a lasting achievement towards understanding the root causes of inequality in an increasingly interconnected global society where the worsening situations for some increasingly effect all of us.
"Growing Gaps provides a variety of case studies that illuminate the causes and consequences of inequality globally. The readings highlight how education still plays a significant role in social mobility and social reproduction across nations. There are real theoretical and empirical gems contained within these pages."
--Richard Arum, Professor of Sociology and Education, New York University
"Paul Attewell provides a perceptive overview of sharply differing views on the function of education in today's world..."
Preface: Access to Education: Mobility Tool or Roadblock of Stratification?, Katherine S. Newman
1. Education and Inequality In a Global Context, Paul Attewell
2. Educational Inequality in Latin America, Christian Cox
3. Entrance into Prestigious Universities and the Performance of Discriminated Groups on the "Vestibular": Black Students in the University of São Paulo, 2001-2007, Antonio S. Guimaraes
4. Education and Racial Inequality in Post Apartheid South Africa, Malcolm Keswell
5. Social Class and Educational Inequality in South Korea, Kwang-Yeong Shin and Byoung-Hoon Lee
6. Equal Opportunity in Higher Education in Israel: Lessons from the Kibbutz, Yaakov Gilboa and Moshe Justman
7. Socio-Political Changes and Inequality in Educational Opportunities in China: 1940 - 2001, Li Chunling
8. Middle-Class Losers?: The Role of Emotion in Educational Careers, Yi-Lee Wong
9. The After Life of NEETS, Karen Robson
10. Over Education and Social Generations in France: Welfare Regimes and Inter Cohort Inequalities in Returns to Education, Louis Chauvel
11. Education and the Labor Market: The Case of Poland, Pawel Polawski
12. The Socio-Economic Integration of Immigrants in the EU Effects of Characteristics of Origin and Destination Countries on the First and Second Generation, Fenella Fleischmann and Jaap Dronkers
13. Gender, Perceptions of Opportunity, and Investment in Schooling, Angel Harris
Number Of Pages: 360
Published: 15th November 2010
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 16.1
Weight (kg): 0.52