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Green Urbanism : Learning From European Cities - Timothy Beatley

Green Urbanism

Learning From European Cities

Paperback Published: 1st December 1999
ISBN: 9781559636827
Number Of Pages: 512

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As the need to confront unplanned growth increases, planners, policymakers, and citizens are scrambling for practical tools and examples of successful and workable approaches. Growth management initiatives are underway in the U.S. at all levels, but many American "success stories" provide only one piece of the puzzle. To find examples of a holistic approach to dealing with sprawl, one must turn to models outside of the United States.

In Green Urbanism, Timothy Beatley explains what planners and local officials in the United States can learn from the sustainable city movement in Europe. The book draws from the extensive European experience, examining the progress and policies of twenty-five of the most innovative cities in eleven European countries, which Beatley researched and observed in depth during a year-long stay in the Netherlands. Chapters examine:

  • the sustainable cities movement in Europe
  • examples and ideas of different housing and living options
  • transit systems and policies for promoting transit use, increasing bicycle use, and minimizing the role of the automobile
  • creative ways of incorporating greenness into cities
  • ways of readjusting "urban metabolism" so that waste flows become circular
  • programs to promote more sustainable forms of economic development
  • sustainable building and sustainable design measures and features
  • renewable energy initiatives and local efforts to promote solar energy
  • ways of greening the many decisions of local government including ecological budgeting, green accounting, and other city management tools.

Throughout, Beatley focuses on the key lessons from these cities -- including Vienna, Helsinki, Copenhagen, Stockholm, Zurich, Amsterdam, London, and Berlin -- and what their experience can teach us about effectively and creatively promoting sustainable development in the United States. Green Urbanism is the first full-length book to describe urban sustainability in European cities, and provides concrete examples and detailed discussions of innovative and practical sustainable planning ideas. It will be a useful reference and source of ideas for urban and regional planners, state and local officials, policymakers, students of planning and geography, and anyone concerned with how cities can become more livable.

Preface and Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Context and Backgroundp. 1
Introduction: Green Urbanism and the Lessons of European Citiesp. 3
The Important Role of Cities in Global Sustainabilityp. 3
The Vision of Green Urbanismp. 5
Research Methods and the Cities Examinedp. 9
Issues of Transferability: Why Study European Cities?p. 13
The Relevance and Role of Urban Sustainability in Europep. 15
The Plan of the Book to Followp. 24
Land Use and Communityp. 27
Land Use and Urban Form: Planning Compact Citiesp. 29
Strategies for Compact Urban Developmentp. 32
Compact Growth Districts, with a Green Emphasisp. 41
Urban Villages and the Importance of City-Centersp. 43
New Towns and Growth Centersp. 47
Regional and National Spatial Planningp. 52
The Value of Rural, Agricultural, and Undeveloped Landsp. 58
Cultural and Other Influencing Factorsp. 59
Economic Signals and Policy Instrumentsp. 60
Sustainable Land Use Trends?p. 61
Lessons for American Cities: Prospects for More Compact Urban Formp. 62
Creative Housing and Living Environmentsp. 76
Planning Livable Environmentsp. 76
Urban-Village Livingp. 77
Accessory Units and Mixed Housing Environmentsp. 80
Housing over Shopsp. 81
Hofjes, Cohousing, and Ecovillagesp. 83
Preservation and Adaptive Reusep. 90
Streets, Urban Design, and the Civic Realmp. 92
Pedestrianized Centersp. 93
Lessons for American Citiesp. 101
Transportation and Mobility in Green-Urban Citiesp. 107
Transit Cities: Public Transport Innovations and Prioritiesp. 109
High-Mobility Transit Citiesp. 109
Public Transit Strategies and Solutionsp. 111
Coordinating Transit and Land Usep. 112
Multimodal, Integrated Systemsp. 113
Systematic Transit Priorityp. 116
The Clear Benefitsp. 118
The Tram Cityp. 119
The Special Feel of Tramsp. 122
High-Speed Rail, Green Transit, and Other Creative Mobility Strategiesp. 124
Lessons for American Citiesp. 129
Taming the Auto: The Promise of Car-Free Citiesp. 137
The Promise of Car-Free Citiesp. 137
Traffic-Calming and Car-Limiting City Strategiesp. 139
Car-Free Developments and Housing Estatesp. 145
Car-Sharingp. 150
Call-a-Car and Demand Managementp. 154
Road Pricingp. 156
Lessons for American Citiesp. 161
Bicycles: Low-Tech Ecological Mobilityp. 166
Bicycles as a Legitimate Form of Mobilityp. 166
Bicycle-Friendly Citiesp. 167
Public Bikes Programsp. 177
Building a Bike-Riding Culturep. 183
Lessons for American Citiesp. 184
Green, Organic Citiesp. 195
Urban Ecology and Strategies for Greening the Urban Environmentp. 197
Cities like Forestsp. 197
Natural Capital of Citiesp. 198
Ecological Networks: National and Urbanp. 199
Reimagining the Built Environment: Organic, Living Buildings and Urban Landscapesp. 203
Eco-Bridgesp. 213
City Farms and Ecology Parksp. 214
Green Schoolsp. 215
Desealing and Natural Drainage Strategiesp. 216
Planning for Local Climatep. 218
Ecological Regenerationp. 219
Ecological Urban Restructuringp. 220
Urban Gardensp. 221
Urban Wildlife and Habitat Conservationp. 222
Lessons for American Citiesp. 223
Urban Ecocycle Balancing: Toward Closed-Loop Citiesp. 232
Urban "Ecocycles" and the Metabolism of Citiesp. 232
Connections between City and Hinterlandp. 238
Closed-Loop Economies: Industrial Symbiosis in the Cityp. 242
Ecocycle-Balanced Neighborhoods and Urban Developmentp. 246
Encouraging Ecocycle Balancing: The Role of Green Taxesp. 252
Lessons for American Citiesp. 253
Renewable Energy Cities: Living on Solar Incomep. 258
Low-Energy, Renewable-Energy Citiesp. 258
Municipal Energy Planning and Conservationp. 258
Decentralized Energy Productionp. 261
Strides in Energy Efficiencyp. 264
Energy Standards for New Developmentp. 267
Urban Policies to Promote Renewable Energyp. 268
Emerging Solar Citiesp. 270
Solar Urban Developmentp. 274
Zero-Energy Building and Energy-Balanced Homesp. 277
Carbon Dioxide Reduction Strategiesp. 282
Lessons for American Citiesp. 284
Building Ecologically: Designing Buildings and Neighborhoods with Nature in Mindp. 290
A Revolution in Ecological Buildingp. 290
Many Examples of Ecological Building Projects: The Dutch Leading the Wayp. 291
Ecological Urban Renewalp. 304
Strategies for Promoting Green Buildingp. 307
Green Mortgagesp. 309
Green House Numbersp. 310
Other Important Strategiesp. 312
Lessons for American Citiesp. 313
Governance and Economyp. 325
Ecological Governance in Green-Urban Citiesp. 327
Audits, Indicators, and Targetsp. 328
Sustainability Matrices and Appraisalsp. 331
Environmental Budgets and Chartersp. 333
Procurement and Investment Policiesp. 336
Employee Mobility Strategiesp. 337
Management of Municipal Buildings and Propertiesp. 338
Green Energyp. 342
Environmental Vehiclesp. 343
Ecological Twinnings and Looking Beyond the City's Bordersp. 344
Educating and Engaging the Public: Local Agenda 21 and Community-Based Initiativesp. 345
Public Awareness Campaignsp. 349
The Role of the Nongovernmental Sectorp. 353
Confronting the Consumer: Eco-Teams and Green Codesp. 354
Supporting and Encouraging Ecological Communitiesp. 358
Lessons for American Citiesp. 360
Building a Sustainable Economy: Innovations in Restorative Commercep. 369
Building a Sustainable Local Economyp. 369
Supporting Sustainable Local Businessesp. 370
Industrial Symbiosis and Ecoindustrial Parksp. 374
Envisioning a Sustainable Factoryp. 378
Sustainable Industrial Estatesp. 381
Economic and Ecological Renewal: Economic Development through Landscape Recyclingp. 384
Green Offices: More Ecological Ways of Working?p. 387
Ecobusinesses and Green Consumerismp. 390
Marketing Sustainable Business and Technologiesp. 400
Lessons for American Citiesp. 401
Learning from Europep. 405
The Promise of Green Urbanism: Lessons from European Citiesp. 407
The Challenges of Green Urbanismp. 407
Creating Green and Sustainable Cities in The United States: Lessons from Europep. 414
A Final Note: From Aalborg to Austinp. 427
Referencesp. 429
Individuals Interviewedp. 451
Charter of European Cities and Towns: Towards Sustainabilityp. 462
Indexp. 471
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781559636827
ISBN-10: 1559636823
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 512
Published: 1st December 1999
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.3  x 2.59
Weight (kg): 0.66
Edition Number: 2