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Green Plastics : An Introduction to the New Science of Biodegradable Plastics - E. S. Stevens

Green Plastics

An Introduction to the New Science of Biodegradable Plastics

Hardcover Published: 23rd December 2001
ISBN: 9780691049670
Number Of Pages: 248

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Plastics are everywhere. Bags, bank cards, bottles, and even boats can all be made of this celebrated but much-maligned material. Yet most of us know next to nothing about plastics. We do know that they are practical and cheap--but they also represent a huge environmental problem, for they literally take ages to decompose. In this engaging book, E.S. Stevens tells us everything we have always wondered about plastics and of the efforts, in America, Europe, and Asia, to develop a new breed of environmentally friendly plastics. He points to a possible future where plastics will no longer be made of petroleum, but of plants.

The first two chapters assess the increased use of plastics as a relatively new alternative to other materials. The third chapter introduces us to their impact on the environment and strategies for their disposal or recycling. The next two chapters cover basic concepts and terms used in polymer sciences and provide some basic chemistry. With these fundamentals in tow, the author compares how petroleum-based and biological polymers are made, and the various ways in which they decompose. He acquaints readers with the emerging technologies, their commercial viability, and their future. Finally, instructions are given for preparing basic bioplastics using readily available materials.

Nonspecialists will find "Green Plastics" a concise introduction to this exciting interdisciplinary topic--an introduction otherwise not available. For students it provides easy entry to an area of science with wide appeal and current importance; for teachers, excellent background reading for courses in various sciences. The prospect of depleted fossil fuel supplies, and the potential benefits of bioplastics to the environment and to rural areas that could supply the raw materials, make this book a compelling presentation of a subject whose time has come.

"As its subtitle promises, [this book] does offer an introduction to the subject, along with a brief overview of the chemistry of plastics. Rounding out the book are a helpful glossary, a reading list for those interested in exploring the topic in greater depth and an appendix of recipes for making your own bioplastics from common ingredients."--American Scientist "A very nice introduction to the field of biodegradable polymers."--Choice "The flow of topics is natural and intuitive. Definitions and diagrams are generally plain, precise, and easy to understand... This book is recommended for college-level students as well as for the general reader with little formal background in chemistry who desires an up-to-date presentation on current and future trends in plastics."--Armen S. Casparian, Science Books & Film

Prefacep. vii
Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Plastics
The Age of Plasticsp. 3
The New Kids on the Block
How Do We Use All That Plastic?
Plastics as Materialsp. 10
Materials Science
Composites and Laminates
The Distinction of Plastics as a Material
Materials and the Ecosystem
Plastics and the Environmentp. 15
Raw Materials
Plastics Waste
Managing Plastics Waste
Environment Friendly Plastics?
The Chemical Nature of Plasticsp. 31
Polymers
Plastics
Additives
Common Thermoplastics
Common Thermosets
Biodegradable Synthetics
Fibers and Elastomers
Plastics Degradationp. 52
Plastics after Use--An Introduction
Thermodynamics and Kinetics
Biodegradation--Nature's Recycling
Degradation of Plastics
Tests and Standards
Bioplastics
Biopolymersp. 83
Nature's Polymers
Carbohydrates
Lignin
Proteins
Polyesters
Synthetic "Biopolymers,"
Nature's Fibers
Nature's Composites
The Reemergence of Bioplasticsp. 104
What Are Bioplastics?
Early Bioplastics
The New Bioplastics
Factors Affecting Growthp. 135
Biomass Raw Materials
Benign Technology
Biodegradable Products
Properties
Cost
Prospects for the Futurep. 145
Raw Materials
Markets
Technological Advances
Environmental Concern
The Role of Government
The Role of the Private Sector
Paradigm Shift
Make Your Ownp. 165
Preparation of Cast-Film Bioplastics
Supplies
Equipment
Procedure
Formulations
Varying the Recipes
"1-2-3 Plastic,"
Other Possibilities
Standard Tests
Designing Science Projects
Notesp. 187
Glossaryp. 207
Reading Listp. 221
Author/Name Indexp. 223
Subject Indexp. 231
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691049670
ISBN-10: 069104967X
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 248
Published: 23rd December 2001
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.49 x 16.61  x 2.11
Weight (kg): 0.48