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Greek Popular Morality in the Time of Plato and Aristotle - K.J. Dover

Greek Popular Morality in the Time of Plato and Aristotle

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In ancient Greece, as today, popular moral attitudes differed importantly from the theories of moral philosophers. While for the latter we have Plato and Aristotle, this insightful work explores the everyday moral conceptions to which orators appealed in court and political assemblies, and which were reflected in non-philosophical literature. Oratory and comedy provide the primary testimony, and reference is also made to Sophocles, Euripides, Herodotus, Thucydides, Xenophon, and other sources. The selection of topics, the contrasts and comparisons with modern religious, social and legal principles, and accessibility to the non-specialist ensure the work's appeal to all readers with an interest in ancient Greek culture and social life.

A classic. It provides an invaluable aid to anyone seeking to understand Plato and Aristotle in their historical context. Dover uses a variety of literary sources to set out, with clarity and deep sensitivity, popular views on moral, political, and religious matters in fourth-century Greece. --Michael Morgan, Indiana University

Preface
Transliteration and Translation
Abbreviations
Interpretation of the Sourcesp. 1
What is Popular Morality?p. 1
Special Characteristics of Oratoryp. 8
Special Characteristics of Tragedyp. 14
Special Characteristics of Comedyp. 18
Elements Common to Oratory and Comedyp. 23
Social Classp. 34
The Moral Vocabularyp. 46
The Uses of Moral Languagep. 46
Definitionp. 58
The Articulation of Virtuep. 66
Determinants of Moral Capacityp. 74
Human Naturep. 74
Heredity and Environmentp. 83
Sexp. 95
Agep. 102
Statusp. 109
Understandingp. 116
Divine Interventionp. 133
Moral Responsibilityp. 144
Oneself and Othersp. 161
Death, Pain and Griefp. 161
Money and Propertyp. 170
Advantagep. 180
Sensibilityp. 195
Sexual Behaviourp. 205
Sanctionsp. 217
Types of Argumentp. 217
Honour and Shamep. 226
The Deadp. 243
The Godsp. 246
The Human Conditionp. 268
Prioritiesp. 273
Inequalityp. 273
The State and the Individualp. 288
The State as a Moral Agentp. 301
Indexesp. 317
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780872202450
ISBN-10: 0872202453
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 330
Published: 15th March 1994
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2  x 1.8
Weight (kg): 0.47